新GRE填空官方指南例题解析11

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编辑点评: 新GRE填空增加了三空题型,更多考察单词的用法和精确含义,加深阅读理解能力的考察,侧重基础能力考查,因此考生在备考GRE填空时大量的训练必不可少。

例11. (OG Verbal Practice Set 5 Q6, Hard)(BEG)

Philosophy, unlike most other subjects, does not try to extend our knowledge by discovering new information about the world. Instead it tries to deepen our understanding through (i) ______ what is already closest to us—the experiences, thoughts, concepts, and activities that make up our lives but that ordinarily escape our notice precisely because they are so familiar. Philosophy begins by finding (ii) ______ the things that are (iii) ______.

BLANK (i)               BLANK (ii)                               BLANK (iii)

(A) attainment of      (D) essentially irrelevant         (G) most prosaic

(B) rumination on      (E) utterly mysterious            (H) somewhat hackneyed

(C) detachment from  (F) thoroughly commonplace  (I) refreshingly novel

(一) 选取第一个空格所在部分:

Philosophy, unlike most other subjects, does not try to extend our knowledge by discovering new informationabout the world. Instead it tries to deepen our understanding through (i) ______ what is already closest to us …

前后两句话之间是通过instead进行连接的,因而前后两句话之间是反义关系,而前半句话中有一个否定词not存在,因而前后两句话颜色对应的部分是同义关系。因而在blank(i)中填入一个discover的同义词即可。

选择与自主判读一致的词汇填空:

[1]. attainment of:获得

[2]. rumination on:冥想(思维层次的深入发掘)

[3]. detachment from:分离

(二) 选取第二、三个空格所在部分:

… through (i) rumination on what is already closest to us —the experiences, thoughts, concepts, and activities that make up our lives but that ordinarily escape our noticeprecisely because theyare so familiar. Philosophy begins by finding (ii) ______ the thingsthatare (iii) ______.

前面一空处可以知道,哲学是通过发掘现存事物的内在而加深我们的认知的,因而blank(iii)中所述哲学开始时的研究对象也就是那些“what is already closest to us”与“familiar”的事物。

选择与自主判读一致的词汇填空:

[1]. most prosaic:最平淡的(familiar的最直接的对应)

[2]. somewhat hackneyed:有些陈腐的

[3]. refreshingly novel:令人耳目一新的新颖

而对于blank(ii)而言,哲学的目的在于从平常的事物之中发现不寻常的东西,从而扩展我们的视野,因而选取ordinary的反义词就可以了。

选择与自主判读一致的词汇填空:

[1]. essentially irrelevant:本质上不相关

[2]. utterly mysterious:完全神秘的

[3]. thoroughly commonplace:完全平庸的

(三) 理解句意,看是否逻辑与语义契合:

与其他绝大多数学科不同的是,哲学并不是通过发现与世界相关的新的信息来扩展我们的知识层面。取而代之的是哲学往往通过深入发掘那些在我们身边已经存在的事物——包括经验、思想、概念与活动等——那些构成我们生活却往往因为太过熟悉而被忽略的事物的内涵而加深我们对于不同东西的理解。可以说哲学的从一开始就在找寻那些蕴藏在最平庸事物之中的神秘之处。

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