新GRE填空官方指南例题解析10

 来源:互联网    要点:GRE填空官方例题  
编辑点评: 新GRE填空增加了三空题型,更多考察单词的用法和精确含义,加深阅读理解能力的考察,侧重基础能力考查,因此考生在备考GRE填空时大量的训练必不可少。

例10. (OG Verbal Practice Set 5 Q4, Hard) (CDH)

No other contemporary poet’s work has such a well-earned reputation for (i) ______, and there are few whose moral vision is so imperiously unsparing. Of late, however, the almost belligerent demands of his severe and densely forbidding poetry have taken an improbable turn. This new collection is the poet’s fourth book in six years—an ample output even for poets of sunny disposition, let alone for one of such (ii) ______ over the previous 50 years. Yet for all his newfound (iii) ______, his poetry is as thorny as ever.

BLANK (i)                      BLANK (ii)                          BLANK (iii)

(A) patent accessibility  (D) penitential austerity       (G) taciturnity

(B) intrinsic frivolity      (E) intractable prolixity        (H) volubility

(C) near impenetrability (F) impetuous prodigality     (I) pellucidity

(一) 选取第一个空格所在的部分:

No other contemporary poet’s work has such a well-earned reputation for (i) ______, and there are few whosemoral vision is so imperiously unsparing. Of late, however, the almost belligerent demands of his severe and densely forbidding poetry have taken an improbable turn. 

对于第一句话,“,+and”结构等同于分号,表示两句话的复指关系,因而第一句话的前后两个分句是同义关系。

“No other contemporary poet’s”与“few”两个词语结构都表示否定,因而其后面所跟的部分其实还是同义关系。

对于后半句话,whose引导的定语从句就是关于该诗人诗歌特点的描述,因而其就是Blank(i)中词语的同义词。

而后面,看到of late以后,请不要马上想到时间对比,其后的however作为一个明显的转折标志,其转折、取反的强度大于时间对比,因而此时时间对比应该让位于这个更强的转折,故只有however进行取反。说的是近来这个诗人的诗风发生了变化,而其变化前的特点是“severe and densely forbidding poetry”,也就是这个诗人在Blank(i)中词语的同义词。

选择与自主判读一致的词汇填空:

[1].(A) patent accessibility:明白易读

[2].(B) intrinsic frivolity:轻浮本质

[3].(C) near impenetrability:几乎难以理解(impenetrable——物理上“不可穿透”、情感上“无动于衷”、内容上“滴水不漏、晦涩难懂”)

(二)选取第二个空格所在的部分:

… an ample output even for poets of sunny disposition, let alone for one of such (ii) ______ over the previous 50 years.

Blank(ii)中应该填入一个名词,表示这个作家是一个什么样的人的称呼。

Even在前半句中作为“哪怕”来讲,表示前后两个半句是反义关系,后半句话用let alone连接表示递进关系,而这两句中没有任何否定词,因而对应词语之间是反义关系。

后半句话前半句话中关于诗人的称呼只有sunny disposition一种,表示是一种“阳光性格”,这种人的特点是爱说话,因而,选取其反义词作为本空的答案,即“少言寡语”。

选择与自主判读一致的词汇填空:

[1].(D) penitential austerity:低调简洁

[2].(E) intractable prolixity:不受控制地罗嗦

[3].(F) impetuous prodigality:极度华丽

(三)选取第三个空格所在的部分:

... This new collection is the poet’s fourth book in six years — an ample output even for poets of sunny disposition,let alone for one of such (ii) penitential austerity over the previous 50 years. Yet for all his newfound (iii) ______, his poetry is as thorny as ever.

Blank(iii)中应该填入一个名词,表示这个诗人近来的一种状态。

这个状态在前面已经出现,即这个人在近六年时间内写了4个诗集——高产、话多,用原文的话就是“ample”,因而找寻一个ample的同义词就行。

请注意区分yet的作用,是在“Yet for all his newfound (iii) ______, his poetry is as thorny as ever.”这个句子中前半句与后半句进行取反,而不是对于前文所述内容取反。

选择与自主判读一致的词汇填空:

[1].(G) taciturnity:(寡言)temperamentally disinclined to talk

[2].(H) volubility:(能言善辩)characterized by ready or rapid speech : GLIB, FLUENT

[3].(I) pellucidity:(明了)easy to understan

(四)理解句意,看是否逻辑与语义契合:

没有其他任何当代诗人的作品因为严谨而拥有这样的美名,同时也很少有诗人像他这样拥有一种不变的道德观。然而对于后者而言,来自他那些严苛的诗歌中那几乎可以说得上是专断的说法现在竟然难以置信地发生了转变。这个诗人最新的诗集是他在6年以来的第四部,而这对于一个开朗健谈的诗人来说都是很高产的了,更不用提向他这样在过去50年里一直惜字如金的诗人了。然而尽管他现在似乎比以前来说不是那么惜字如金了,但是他文字中流露出来的尖刻依旧存在。

最新2018GRE填空官方例题信息由沪江留学网提供。

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,建议采纳后可获得50沪元。

错误的描述:

修改的建议: