新GRE阅读难句解析——倒装

所属专题:GRE阅读  来源:新东方网    要点:GRE阅读倒装句  
编辑点评: 倒装句在GRE阅读中是一个相当的难点。如何判断倒装句,又如何练习呢?本文通过几个小例子给大家展示GRE阅读中的倒装句。

1.Black Fiction surveys a wide variety of novels,bringing to our attention in the process some fascinating and little-known works like James Weldon Johnson's Autobiography of an Ex-  Colored Man. (4)注意:bring A to B ——〉bring to B A

《黑人小说》考察了极为广泛的一系列小说,在此过程中让我们注意到了某些引人入胜但却鲜为人知的作品,如詹姆斯。韦尔登。约翰逊(James Weldon Johnson)的《一个曾经是有色人的自传》(Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man)。

难句类型:倒装

解释:在以bringing开头的作状语的分词中出现了倒装,bring A to B被倒装为bring to B A,其倒装的原因仍是为了避免头重脚轻,正常的语序应该如下:bringing some fascinating and little-known works like James Weldon johnson's Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man to our attention in the process.

意群训练:Black Fiction surveys a wide variety of novels, bringing to our attention in the process some fascinating and little-known works like James Weldon Johnson's Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man.

2.Only when a system possesses natural or artificial boundaries that associate the water within it the hydrologic cycle may the entire system properly be termed hydrogeologic.(4)

只有当一个系统拥有自然的或人工形成的边界来把边界中的水与水文循环联系起来的时候,才有可能把整个的系统恰当的成为与水文地质学有关。

难句类型:复杂修饰、倒装

解释:only放在句首时,主句的情态动词may倒装,这是我们高中就已经学过的东西。然而句首的only与倒装的may距离如此之远,这在以前却没有见过,所以读上去让人不习惯。另外一个难点在于,前面的由when所引导的时间状语从句中,宾语boundaries后面跟了一个定语从句,that associate the water within it with the hydrologic cycle,而且从句中的associate with又被water within it所分开,读者还要分神去考虑it所指的是什么,所以读到后面倒装的may的时候,难免不知所云。

意群训练:Only when a system possesses natural or artificial boundaries that associate the water within it with the hydrologic cycle may the entire system properly be termed hydrogeologic.

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