美国语文表达篇:Direct Objects 直接宾语

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所谓的语文学习,主要是学习表达能力和理解能力。表达能力包括口语表达能力和书面表达能力,表达要求能够做到逻辑清晰,语言流畅准确。

语言学习的考核点由表达能力修辞能力构成。接下来我就来具体学习一下表达篇的内容吧!

Direct Objects

直接宾语

You already know that nouns are words that name persons, places, things, and ideas.

名词可以命名人、地点、事物或观点。

Nouns can function as direct objects. A direct object receives the action of the verb. In other words, it is the thing being acted upon.

名词可作为直接宾语,是动作的接受者。

Only action verbs can have direct objects. A direct object will never follow a linking verb.

只有行为动词有直接宾语。连系动词后不能接直接宾语。

To find a direct object:

找出直接宾语:

1) Find the verb. Is it an action verb?

1)找到动词,判断是否是行为动词。

2) If it is an action verb, put the verb in the blank and ask "______ who or what?"

2)如果是行为动词,把动词放在空白处,并思考"______ who or what?"

Examples of Direct Objects:

直接宾语的例句:

Examples of direct objects with explanation:

直接宾语的例句和解释:

Example: Joe threw the ball.

例子:Joe扔球。

Joe is the subject-he is the one doing the throwing.v

Joe是主语-他做出了扔的动作。

What did Joe throw? The ball is the direct object because it

Joe扔了什么?“The ball”是直接主语,因为它是动作的接受者receives the action-it is the thing that Joe threw.

- 是Joe 扔的东西。

Example: Quinn ate cereal for breakfast.

例句:Quinn早餐时吃谷物。

Quinn is the subject-he is the one eating.v

Quinn是主语- 他是吃东西的人。

What did Quinn eat? The cereal is the direct object because it

Quinn吃了什么?“The cereal”是直接宾语因为

receives the action-it is the thing that Quinn ate.

它是动作的接受者- 是Quinn吃的东西。

Below are some additional examples of sentences with direct objects.

下面是有关直接宾语更多的例子,请按照上面的思路进行练习。

Lauren played the piano. (Played who or what?) piano

Lauren弹钢琴。(Played who or what?) 钢琴

Our class read Charlotte's Web. (Read who or what?) Charlotte's Web

我们班读夏洛的网。(Read who or what?) Charlotte's Web

Sandra likes chocolate cake. (Likes who or what?) chocolate cake

Sandra喜欢巧克力蛋糕。(Likes who or what?) chocolate cake

Pam saw Ann through the window. (Saw who or what?) Ann

Pam通过窗户看到了Ann。(Saw who or what?) Ann

Mom kissed baby Alice on the nose. (Kissed who or what?) baby Alice

妈妈亲吻了Alice的鼻子。(Kissed who or what?) baby Alice

Chad watched a game on television. (Watched who or what?) a game

Chad在电视上看了比赛。(Watched who or what?) a game

Lois rode her bike to school. (Rode who or what?) her bike

Lois骑车去上学。(Rode who or what?) her bike

Andrea patted the dog on its head. (Patted who or what?) the dog

Andrea轻拍了小狗的头。(Patted who or what?) the dog 

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