美国语文表达篇:Irregular Verbs 不规则动词

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所谓的语文学习,主要是学习表达能力和理解能力。表达能力包括口语表达能力和书面表达能力,表达要求能够做到逻辑清晰,语言流畅准确。

语言学习的考核点由表达能力修辞能力构成。接下来我就来具体学习一下表达篇的内容吧!

Irregular Verbs

不规则动词

You already know that verbs are words that express an action or state of being. You also already know that verbs have five forms: infinitive, simple present, simple past, present participle, and past participle.

动词可以描述一个动作或一种状态。动词有五种形式:不定式、一般现在时、一般过去时、现在分词和过去分词。

Examples of Irregular Verbs:

不规则动词的例子:

For regular verbs, the formation of the five forms follows a pattern. Let's review using the verb "laugh":

规则动词的五种形式遵循一个模式。让我们来回顾一下动词"laugh"的使用:

不定式(Infinitive:to + verb = to laugh

一般现在时(Simple Present:verb or verb + "s"= laugh or laughs

一般过去时(Simple Past):verb + "ed" = laughed

现在分词(Present Participle):verb + "ing" = laughing

过去分词(Past Participle):verb + "ed" = laughed

The English language has many irregular verbs. This means that the forms of the verb do not follow this basic pattern. Look at the forms for the irregular verb "break."

英语中有很多不规则动词。动词的形式不遵循这种基本的模式。我们来看一下不规则动词"break"的五种形式。

不定式(Infinitive):to + verb = to break

一般现在时(Simple Present):verb or verb + "s" = break or breaks

一般过去时(Simple Past):不规则=broke

现在完成时(Present Participle):verb + "ing" = breaking

一般过去时(Past Participle):不规则= broken

Most native speakers of English learn these irregular forms through everyday speech. For those trying to learn English, the best way to learn the forms of irregular verbs is to memorize the forms. The chart below includes the forms of some common irregular verbs in English. There are many more.

英语为母语的人基本从日常用语中学习这些不规则动词。对于想要学习英语的人,学习不规则动词的最好方式时记住这些词的五种形式。下表列出了英语中一些常见的不规则动词。

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