美国语文表达篇:Sentence Structure 句子结构

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所谓的语文学习,主要是学习表达能力和理解能力。表达能力包括口语表达能力和书面表达能力,表达要求能够做到逻辑清晰,语言流畅准确。

语言学习的考核点由表达能力修辞能力构成。接下来我就来具体学习一下表达篇的内容吧!

Sentence Structure

句子结构

 

英语中有四种主要的句子结构:

Simple Sentences - one independent clause; contains a subject and a verb

简单句 - 一个独立分句,包括一个主语和一个谓语。

Compound Sentences - two independent clauses joined with a conjunction; both of these clauses express a complete thought

并列句 - 用一个连词连接的两个独立分句,这两个分句都表达一个完整的意思。

Complex Sentences-one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses (in the examples below, any dependent clauses are underlined)

复合句-一个独立分句和一个或一个以上的从句(在下面的例句中,从句已用下划线标注)

Compound-Complex Sentences - a compound sentence (see above) that also contains a dependent clause (in the examples below, any dependent clauses are underlined)

并列复合句-包含从句的并列句(在下面的例句中,从句已用下划线标注)。 

句子结构的例子:

简单句的例子:

Karen baked cookies for dessert.

Karen烤制饼干作为餐后甜点。

Jeff and John are brothers.

Jeff 和John是兄弟。

Where are you going?

你要去哪?

并列句的例子:

Jana wants cereal, but Paul wants pancakes.

Jana想吃谷物,但Paul想吃薄煎饼。

We went to the beach, and then we went to the mountains.

我们想去沙滩,然后再去山上。

Chris was hungry, so he made a sandwich.

Chris很饿,他吃了个三明治。

Examples of complex sentences:

复合句的例子:

When it stops raining, we will play baseball.

不下雨了我们就去打篮球。

You should brush your teeth before you go to bed.

你睡觉前要刷牙。

Because she is nice, Mrs. Thomas let us read books that we brought from home.

Thomas夫人很好,让我们看从家带来的书。

并列复合句的例子:

After we arrived at school, I went to gym, and Sara went to English.

到学校后,我去健身房,Sara去英语角。

I need a new coat, so mom said that she would buy one.

我需要一件新外套,妈妈说会给我买一件。

Will you bring chips for the party that we are having for Jan, and can you invite Marie?

你可以把这些薯条拿到和Jan一起举办的派对,另外,可以邀请Marie来吗?

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