美国语文表达篇:Indirect Object 间接宾语

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所谓的语文学习,主要是学习表达能力和理解能力。表达能力包括口语表达能力和书面表达能力,表达要求能够做到逻辑清晰,语言流畅准确。

语言学习的考核点由表达能力修辞能力构成。接下来我就来具体学习一下表达篇的内容吧!

Possessive Adjectives versus Possessive Pronouns

物主形容词和物主代词

 

A possessive adjective is an adjective that is used to show ownership. It comes before a noun in the sentence and lets us know to whom the noun belongs. While many cases of ownership are shown with possessive nouns (Karen's, children's), these possessive adjectives are not nouns and are not formed by adding an apostrophe + s.

物主形容词是表示所属关系的一类形容词,在句中出现在名词前,告诉读者这个名词指代的事物属于谁。多数情况下,附属关系和名词所有格一起出现(Karen's, children's),这些物主形容词不是名词,不能加’s组成。

The following words are possessive adjectives:

下列词语是物主形容词。

my    your    his    her    its    our    their

Do not confuse these possessive adjectives with possessive pronouns. A possessive pronoun does show ownership, but it does not come before a noun or in a noun phrase. It stands alone. It can also be used to replace a noun.

不能把这些物主形容词和物主代词混淆。物主代词也表示所属关系,但不会出现在名词或名词短语前,而是独立出现,可以用来代替名词。

Here is a list of the possessive pronouns:

下列词语是物主代词:

mine    yours    his    hers    its

Remember, possessive pronouns are used to replace the noun. Possessive adjectives are used to describe the noun.

物主代词可以代替名词,物主形容词可以修饰名词。

Notice that some forms of the possessive adjective and possessive pronoun are the same (his, its). So, you have to look at how they are used in the sentence.

物主形容词和物主代词的有些形式相同(his, its)。

Examples of Possessive Adjectives versus Possessive Pronouns:

物主形容词和物主代词的例子:

Examples of possessive adjectives in a sentence:

物主形容词的例子:

1) My book is on the table.

1)我的书在桌子上。

2) I think you forgot your purse.

2)我觉得你忘带了钱包。

3) The dog buried its bone.

3)狗狗在藏他的骨头。

4) The girls missed their bus.

4)女孩们错过了公交车。

5) Joey left his bat at home.

5)Joey把他的棒球落在了家。

Examples of possessive pronouns in a sentence:

物主代词的例子:

1) The chair next to the window is his. (Notice you can replace the noun: "His" is next to the window.)

1)窗户旁边的椅子是他的。(可以用"his"代替名词:"His" is next to the window.)

2) The house on the corner is ours. (Ours is on the corner.)

2)街角的房子是我们的。(Ours is on the corner.)

3) I think the chocolate cookies at the party were hers. (Hers were at the party).

3)我觉得派对上的巧克力曲奇是她的。(Hers were at the party.)

4) The phone that is ringing is yours. (Yours is ringing.)

4)正在响的手机是你的。(Yours is ringing.)

5) The zebra-stripped bookbag is mine. (Mine is the zebra-stripped bookbag.)

5)黑白相间的书包是我的。(Mine is the zebra-stripped bookbag.)

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