Possessive Adjectives versus Possessive Pronouns
A possessive adjective is an adjective that is used to show ownership. It comes before a noun in the sentence and lets us know to whom the noun belongs. While many cases of ownership are shown with possessive nouns (Karen's, children's), these possessive adjectives are not nouns and are not formed by adding an apostrophe + s.
The following words are possessive adjectives:
my your his her its our their
Do not confuse these possessive adjectives with possessive pronouns. A possessive pronoun does show ownership, but it does not come before a noun or in a noun phrase. It stands alone. It can also be used to replace a noun.
Here is a list of the possessive pronouns:
mine yours his hers its
Remember, possessive pronouns are used to replace the noun. Possessive adjectives are used to describe the noun.
Notice that some forms of the possessive adjective and possessive pronoun are the same (his, its). So, you have to look at how they are used in the sentence.
Examples of Possessive Adjectives versus Possessive Pronouns:
Examples of possessive adjectives in a sentence:
1) My book is on the table.
2) I think you forgot your purse.
3) The dog buried its bone.
4) The girls missed their bus.
5) Joey left his bat at home.
Examples of possessive pronouns in a sentence:
1) The chair next to the window is his. (Notice you can replace the noun: "His" is next to the window.)
1）窗户旁边的椅子是他的。（可以用"his"代替名词："His" is next to the window.）
2) The house on the corner is ours. (Ours is on the corner.)
2）街角的房子是我们的。(Ours is on the corner.)
3) I think the chocolate cookies at the party were hers. (Hers were at the party).
3）我觉得派对上的巧克力曲奇是她的。(Hers were at the party.)
4) The phone that is ringing is yours. (Yours is ringing.)
4）正在响的手机是你的。(Yours is ringing.)
5) The zebra-stripped bookbag is mine. (Mine is the zebra-stripped bookbag.)
5）黑白相间的书包是我的。(Mine is the zebra-stripped bookbag.)