雅思口语:高频话题词汇和表达方式

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编辑点评: 雅思口语考试时间不长,但是需要精神高度紧张,时而会遇到脑子短路的状况,下面小编给大家整理了一些雅思口语第一部分经常出现的高频话题词汇和表达方式,希望对你有帮助!

本文让我们了解一下,雅思口语第一部分经常出现的高频话题词汇和表达方式吧~以后面对考官再不怕,无话可说,可以轻松找到切入点,侃侃而谈啦~

1.Your hometown:  

a/an industrial/coastal/inland/tourist/capital city  

metropolis 

international atmosphere 

cultural diversity 

over-crowded 

a huge population 

well-known 

numerous historical sites/tourist attractions 

heavy traffic 

traffic congestion 

delicacy 

snacks 

pace of life  

pleasant climate 

gorgeous landscape 

air pollution  

night life  

cost of living 

shopping/entertainment/sport facilities 

high-rise buildings 

skyscraper 

infrastructure  

2. Your studies 

compulsory/optional subjects/courses 

curriculum 

extra-curricular activities 

associations 

exam-oriented/exam centered 

rote learning 

force-feeding 

exam machine 

memorize/learn…by heart  

heavy pressure from exams  

do a good/bad job in the exam 

fail 

retake/resit a test/exam 

marks/score 

kill our imagination and creativity 

canteen/cafeteria 

dormitory/hall of residence/dorm room  

boarding school  

a day student  

school uniform  

cheat in exams  

thesis/dissertation  

paper qualifications: degree/certificate/diploma  

practical experience/skills  

theory/theoretical/academic  

intern/internship 

postgraduate/post graduate school  

science 

arts 

engineering 

3. Your job 

resume/CV 

HR department (human resources)  

find employment 

employer/employee 

be out of work/out of a job 

fire/hire 

work overtime 

overtime pay/double pay/triple pay 

pain annual vacation  

sick leave 

maternity leave 

compassionate leave 

related to/have nothing to do with my major 

get on well/badly with my colleagues 

working environment 

company culture 

office politics 

pays me well/gives me a decent salary/well-paid 

lots of opportunities for business travel  

good promotion prospect 

fair performance assessment 

perks/benefits 

bonus 

flexible working hours 

get to work 

leave work 

change my job 

resign/quit 

good job security 

stressful 

monotonous  

be in charge of  

my main responsibility  

4. Your home 

downtown/suburban flat/house 

on the second floor 

a duplex flat 

decorate/decoration 

wallpaper 

ornaments 

coffee table 

sofa 

cushions 

LCD TV 

fish tank 

electrical appliances 

spacious 

tiny 

light 

get/doen’t get the sun 

stuffy 

depressing 

airy 

cozy 

study 

living-room 

bathroom 

dining-room 

balcony 

French window 

bay window 

curtain 

get a very good view of the city from the window/balcony 

get a very good bird’s eye view of the city 

watch the sunrise/sunset 

houseplants 

vase filled with lilies 

wedding photo 

family photo 

a landscape painting 

calligraphy  

5. cooking  

economical/money saving  

healthier 

more hygienic 

heart-warming 

a lot of trouble 

do the washing-up/do the dishes/wash the dishes 

do the cleaning up  

wipe the table 

mop the floor 

do the cooking 

do the shopping 

learn cooking from my mum  

help my mum with the washing.  

serve the dishes onto the table 

cooking books 

cooking schools 

a great cook/chef 

my mum’s cooking 

home-style dishes like KungPao chicken 

it’s real delicacy 

cooking programs on TV 

recipes 

share meals with my family 

6. Shopping  

shopping malls/department stores 

the chemist’s/florist’s/green grocer’s  

a bakery/stationery  

a paper shop/gift shop/shoe shop/book shop 

a supermarket 

convenience store  

24 hours open 

a discount store 

24 hours open 

a discount store 

boutiques 

a wide range of products 

reliable quality 

better environment/service 

shop assistants/sales clerks/sales girls 

the checkout 

receipt 

pay by credit card 

discount 

hunt for discounts 

holiday sales 

50% discount/off/half price 

giveaway/freebee/freebie  

window shopping 

a great pastime 

a shopaholic 

shop till drop  

cost me 200  

bought lots of stuff 

a rip-off 

browse in an online shop 

a shopping website 

e-shopping  

7. sport   l  work out  

get exercise/get regular physical exercise 

sedentary 

overweight 

obese/obesity 

back and neck trouble 

a decline in fitness  

keep you away from diseases  

keep fit  

boost your fitness 

a perfect way to let off steam  

a marvelous stress reducer/killer 

a great way to meet new people and make friends  

a great way to expand your circle of friends 

Health is your biggest wealth.  

Get a slim figure 

Shed a few pounds 

build up your body/get muscular  

sport facilities 

basketball/volleyball/tennis/badminton court 

football field/pitch 

yoga club 

dancing club  

fitness center/gym/gymnasium 

treadmills/exercise bikes  

Natatorium 

sport center where we can play badminton and ping pong.  

sport gear 

tennis/badminton racket/ping pong bat  

exercise structures around the community/neighborhood 

gentle exercise like swimming and jogging 

strenuous and competitive sports like basketball and football 

adventurous/extreme/risky sports like rock climbing, bungee jumping scuba-diving, sky-diving,     parkour, rafting, skateboarding, roller-skating, aggressive roller-skating  

get lots of kicks from such sports.  

It’s really thrilling.  

physically stronger  

physically challenging 

exhausting/exhausted  

Girls don’t like to sweat a lot.  

team sports/individual sports  

Team sports help us to develop a team spirit. 

Individual sports help us to discover our own value and potential.  

Individual sports is also a great way to boost our self-confidence.   

8. Swimming  l  aquatic sport 

go for a swim  

go for a dip  

Natatorium 

bathing in the sea 

bathing/swim suit 

Trunks 

swimming goggles 

ear plugs 

swimming cap 

swimming coach 

life guards 

swimming ring 

life ring 

life jacket  

Lane 

swim a few laps 

float on water 

slide through water  

locker room 

a 5-meter diving platform 

swimmers and divers 

It’s marvelous exercise and also great fun.  

In summer, it’s the best way to beat the heat.  

Swimming is perfect way to help you cool down and wind down.  

Swimming is a great stress killer.  

It’s really refreshing.  

swimming lovers/enthusiasts 

water slide 

water play activities 

swimming strokes 

do the freestyle 

back stroke 

breast stroke 

Butterfly 

dog paddle 

swimmable river/lake 

no-swimmer 

could save your life 

have a fear for water 

drown to death  

9. Cycling 

ride the bike  

bike/cycle 

biker/cyclist 

biking/cycling  

cycle to work/school and back home 

Cycling is a great way to get around, especially for short trips.  

economical, eco-friendly and great exercise 

bike-friendly, with excellent road conditions and bike lanes 

Cycling could be dangerous in some parts of the city, where the traffic is heavy and often messy.  

So, cyclists have to watch out and stay alert all the time.  

In China, bikes are mainly used as a means of transport. Not many people ride the bike as a sport.  

Sometimes, riding a bike is considered to be a symbol of having no money.  

I think the government should encourage people to bike more instead of driving anywhere, for the sake of their health and also the environment.   

10. Driving  l  get a driver’s/driving license 

I’ve been driving since I was 18.  

the make of your car 

drive to work/school 

I love to get around by car. 

Having a car does make you life much easier.  

You get to have your own timetable.  

You are free to make your own decisions about when to go and where to go, and how to go there.  

It’s fast, comfortable and private.  

go for a drive in the countryside 

go travelling in your own car 

I hate driving in Beijing. The traffic jams could drive me mad/crazy. 

under-age driving/drive under-age/teenage driving 

Teenagers like to drive fast for kicks. 

They lack experience and patience. 

So, they’re more likely to get into a car crash.  

drink and drive/drunk driving 

drive while drowsy/drowsy driving 

fine sb heavily 

pay a fine of 200 RMB and lose p2 points 

traffic police 

Garage 

car wash/wash the car 

Insurance 

Maintenance 

Petrol 

Toll 

Tax 

speed limit 

surveillance camera 

11. TV  l  TV shows/programs/channels 

cable TV/satellite TV 

talent show 

quiz show 

reality show 

variety show 

sports show 

news programs 

Sitcoms 

game show 

Documentary 

host/hostess 

online TV 

HD TV  

viewing rate  

Episode 

the 2nd season 

sequel  

It’s got millions of loyal viewers.  

TV guide 

the most important form of home entertainment  

I just watch TV once in a while now. I spend more time on the computer and Internet.  

From Monday to Friday, I watch very little TV, but on the weekend or during holidays, I’m a bit of a couch potato.  

Well, actually, I’ve got no particular preference for TV shows. I just flick through the channels and watch anything that attracts me.  

What I like most is entertainment shows, cos they’re really entertaining. You know, after a hard day at work/school, a good laugh is exactly what I need to relax.  

One of my favorites is an entertainment show called Happy Camp, which is one of the best-liked shows among young people. Most of my friends are loyal viewer of the show.  

One big attraction of the show is the hosts and hostesses. They’re young, smart, cool, stylish, and amusing.  

Every time, they invite a celebrity in the showbiz to share their success stories with the audience and also give a live performance. 

There’s applause and laughter all through the show. I just love the atmosphere.  

Some TV shows are educational and entertaining, no doubt about it, but on the other hand, watching too much TV makes one lazy both physically and mentally, cos TV is passive pleasure.  

Watching TV is fun, but on the other hand, it can be totally time-consuming.  

12. Advertisements  l  advertise 

advertising 

advertiser 

place/put an advert/ad 

commercials 

non-profitable advertisements 

commercial break 

prime time  

advertising revenues  

do adverts for big companies 

pay big stars to endorse their products 

commercials tend to exaggerate and mislead the consumers 

Commercials are important cos this is a commercial society. 

Commercials serve as a bridge connecting consumers and manufacturers.  

But on the other hand, they could be really annoying cos they always show up at the time you least want them to. 

deceptive advertisements 

Some adverts are just an insult to my intelligence.  

be conned into buying fake products 

I don’t trust what they say in adverts. 

I just believe my own eyes and judgment. 

And I trust name brands.  

Name brands cannot afford to sell fake products.  

TV adverts are just like mini-films, so they are more attractive and impressive. 

Some advertisements are classic and great works of art.  

I love advertisements that don’t exaggerate but really give you a strong visual impact and pleasure, and have very catchy advertising words. 

13. Free-time activities  l  indoor/outdoor activities 

I’m an indoors man/woman  

go singing Karaoke 

go dancing disco 

go clubbing/go to a night club 

go to a bar to have a few drinks 

go the cinema to watch the latest blockbusters.  

catch a few flicks on the computer 

go shopping downtown  

doing sport 

work out in the gym 

go swimming 

surfing the Net 

playing computer games 

playing poker 

playing billiards 

watching TV 

night life 

14. Weekends 

have a good sleep  

hang out with my friends, singing or playing cards 

My favorite weekend activity is shopping.  

Sometimes, I just want some time alone, so I stay home, reading books or catching a few flicks.  

go for a drive in the countryside 

The most popular weekend activities in China are shopping, playing mahjong, singing Karaoke and playing on the computer.  

I think weekends now are more interesting, cos there’s so much I can do, watching TV, shopping, doing sport, singing, you name it, whereas in my childhood, the only thing I did was just watching cartoons.  

I think weekends in my childhood are more interesting, cos I was totally care-free, and I didn’t have much homework to do, so I could spend most of my time playing with other children. We liked to play some simply games like hide and seek, but they gave us enormous pleasure, now, we had more things to do on the weekend, but they don’t seem to have so much fun. And, as a student, I’m under the constant pressure from exams. I’m not really happy.  

15. Music  

Music is magic.  

Music is my passion. 

hit songs 

download the latest tunes  

R&B/rap/rock/pop/blues/heavy mental/symphony/classical  

rhythm/beat  

Lyrics 

song-writer/singer/musician/instrumentalist 

an accomplished/excellent pianist  

Composer 

Tune 

The music is great to dance to.  

choir/band 

go to a concert 

signature song  

the charts  

album record 

I’m a terrible singer. I always sing out of tune.  

I love singing. It’s my favorite relaxation and stress killer.  

I’ve got an ipod, which I take with me wherever I go, so I can have the company of music all the time.  

Music is really important for me. I really cannot imagine my life without music.  

Without music, my life would be so dull. 

For me, music is just like a loyal friend, who is always there when you need him/her. He gives me comfort when I’m sad, gives me passion when I’m high, and gives me company when I’m lonely. 

Actually, I’ve got no particular preference for music. I just listen to anything that’s pleasant to my ear. And in fact, what I listen to really depends on my mood. Say, when I’m in a bad mood, I usually choose something that’s slow and soothing, whereas when I’m in a good mood, I prefer something fast and strong and passionate.  

musical instrument/instrument  

the guitar/bass/clarinet/violin/cello/piano/flute/drum(s)/sax.  

traditional Chinese musical instrument, like Guzheng, which is a string instrument, something like zither. It’s got about 20 strings, I don’t know exactly how many, and you play it with both your hands, the left hand plucking the strings and the right hand touching the strings to control the pitch. It’s got a unique sound, very beautiful.  

I used to learn the piano for a while when I was in primary school, and then I had to stop it because of the heavy study pressure.  

They say playing instruments makes kids more intelligent, imaginative and creative.  

Playing a musical instrument is a marvelous hobby that can continue for a lifetime, and also it’s highly desirable skill.  

If you’re really good at playing an instrument, you can make a living out of it if you like.  

And it’s a really useful social skill, like you can show it on a party to entertain your friends, and you will be star of the party.  

And if you can play an instrument, you have a unique way of expressing your feelings. Like, you can play music to express your love to someone without actually say “I love you”. It’s special and romantic. And it always works wonders.  

Learning to play a musical instrument takes time and energy, and lot of money as well.  

I’m not very musical, so learning an instrument is really a tough job for me.  

16. Reading and writing  

sci-fi/kung fu fictions 

fantasy novels, like Harry Porter 

some on-line fantasy stuff  

biographies/autobiographies of celebrities or successful CEOs or entrepreneurs, or politicians.  

story books/picture books/fairy tales/fables/ancient poems  

best-sellers 

Books that teach you how to become more attractive, how to become successful and make big money, how to manage your money and invest your money, and books about celebrities, they’re always the best sellers.   

I’m into historical stuff. I’m really curious about what happened in the past. It always fascinates me.  

I don’t read much in my free time.  

I just do some light stuff, like newspapers and magazines.  

And I also read some interesting news and blogs on the Internet almost every day.  

I’m in the habit of keeping a diary.  

I’m never a good writer.  

We had composition lessons at school, but they were just for exams.  

I think good writers should first be an avid reader. If you don’t read extensively, it’s impossible for you to write something good.  

17. Fruits and vegetables 

Veggie 

cabbage, spinach, cauliflower, green beans, leek, water spinach, lotus root, eggplant, broccoli, cucumber, mushroom, green pepper fruits and fresh fruit juice  

I’m a meat eater. I just couldn’t live without meat. And I’m not a big fan of veggies and fruits.  

I know it’s not a healthy habit, but I just cannot resist meat.  

I love fruits that are sweet, juicy and meaty, like water melon, and oranges.  

Vegetables and fruits are low-calorie but highly nutritious, so they’re well-liked by people, especially girls who want to lose weight.  

In China, we eat lots of veggies, cos they’re healthy/wholesome and they’re cheap to buy. This is quite different from some western countries where vegetables are more expensive than meat. 

And also veggies are ingredients for lots of dishes.  

Fruits and vegetables are high in vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber.  

And lots of them are helpful in preventing and curing diseases.  

And it’s very convenient to get fresh vegetables and fruits. There’s a green grocer’s just outside my neighborhood, and there is an agricultural market, which is just 5 minutes’walk away. And we can also get vegetables from the supermarket.  

18. Travel  

travel agency/tour guide/tour leader/lecturer

 (take) package tour 

independent travel/travel independently  

self-drive travel/travel in your own car 

backpackers 

tour around a place 

see the sights 

do sightseeing 

sightseer 

This place is packed with travelers 

tourists/travelers/holiday-makers 

holiday resort  

The best way to explore the place is on foot.  

show sb around a place 

enjoy the local delicacies 

shopping paradise/buy name brand stuff at lower prices 

take photos of the gorgeous view/scenery 

Photos are great mementos and also I can show them to my friends so they can share my happiness.  

get some souvenirs, like local specialties and some artifacts.   

Package tours are safer and less trouble but they are less fun, cos you just follow the tour guide and you don’t have much freedom. 

Independent travel could be dangerous and more trouble but they’re more exciting and enjoyable, cos you are free to make your own decisions, and do what you really like to do.  

In China, the best-liked travel destinations are either places of great natural beauty or historical importance. And more and more people choose to travel overseas.   

Travel enriches our life cos we go to new places, see and do new things and get new experiences.  

Also, when you’re fed up with your day-to-day life, travel gives you the chance to get away from it all and totally relax.  

19. Holidays 

spend one’s holiday/vacation  

holiday-makers 

have 7 days off  

public holidays: National Day holiday/May holiday  

traditional festivals  

annual vacation  

What I do actually depends on the length of the holiday.  

Of course, I want to go travelling during holidays but the problem is everywhere is packed with tourists, and I really hate that.  

And also, transport is a big problem cos train tickers and air tickets are hard to get, cos the demand is too big.  

During holidays, what I do most is get together with my friends and have a good time, shopping, singing Karaoke, having a big dinner together and chatting.  

And of course, I love to sleep during holidays, you know, to sleep as long as I want, without anybody disturbing me. It’s awesome.  

What I hate to do most is of course having to work during holidays. You know, everybody else is having a good time with their family or friends and you’re working, which really makes me sad.   

I have lots of holidays, all the public holidays, like National Day and May Day, plus two long vacations, the 2-month summer vacation and one-month winter vacation, but the problem is that I have to spend most of my holidays on the school stuff or taking extra lessons. That is the last thing I want to do. I really hate it.   

Holidays are important, cos they give us the chance to slow down and relax, and be with our family and close friends, and do something I really want to do but don’t have the time to do, so I think holidays are really important.  

20. Computer   l  computer-literate/computer-illiterate 

Computer-literacy is a must for modern people.  

Everybody is supposed to be able to use the computer, you know, word, excel, ppt, and stuff.  

laptop—adapter—cable—USB stick/USB port 

connect A to B/disconnect  

plug in/unplug  

the keyboard/touch pad/mouse pad  

click/double-click 

icon 

switch on/off—reboot/crash  

save/store/create/open/close/cancel/delete/exit/access 

copy/cut/paste/drag/insert/edit 

make changes to the text  

computernik/mouse potato 

play on the computer  

My job/work involves using the computer a lot.  

I type lots of stuff on the computer.   

I also use it for entertainment, like listening to music, watching films and playing games.  

I’ve been using the computer since I was very young, probably 7 years old.  

I learned it myself. It’s really a piece of cake for me.   

take apart the computer and reassemble it   

If something is wrong with my computer, I can get help from the Internet, you know, there are lots of websites providing professional help about how to fix all kinds of computer problems.  

If it’s just a small problem, I can fix it myself, but it’s something serious, I will get my cousin to fix it. He’s a computer specialist.  

I can use the computer quite well, but when it comes to fixing computer problems, I’m totally hopeless.  

Too much game playing is of course a bad thing. It ruins/damages your eyesight, harms your health, and affects your work/life.  

However, if you can control yourself and don’t overdo it, playing games could be really fun. Some computer games are educational and entertaining. Some are just entertaining, maybe, in a bit violent or erotic way, but they’re great fun, no doubt about that. That’s why so many people are crazy about playing computer games.  

All in all, playing computer games is no different from other forms of entertainment. If we don’t do it too much, it would do us more good than harm.  

21. the Internet   l  the Web/the Net  

netizen/Internet users/Net surfers/cyberholic  

There’s no Internet access in my dorm room.  

There’s wireless Internet access in the café.  

Internet addiction/obsession  

be addicted to/be obsessed with the Internet  

Internet addiction is an increasingly common and serious problem among teenagers.  

information age  

enter/tap in your password and username 

website/webpage/home page 

visit a website/visitor 

It gets tons of hits every day.  

the best-liked website among young people  

email it to me  

check my email/answer an email 

junk mail 

download/upload 

transmit/transmission 

transfer 

attach/attachment 

server 

file package/compress  

BBS/forum/post  

blog 

update/upgrade 

I love to Google it. 

I did a search for it on the Internet. 

use the Net for searching for information  

cybercafé/net bar 

net pal 

cyber crime/cyber friends/cyber romance/cyber 

dating  

e-books/e-shops 

hackers/viruses 

template 

database

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