最好的雅思写作开头段写法 必出自这5类

所属专题:雅思考试  来源:小站教育    要点:雅思口语考试经验  
编辑点评: 雅思写作是学术型写作的一种,虽然是较为初级的。所以,学术型写作的那种基本的框架也是适用于雅思的大作文的。对于导入段来说,无论怎么花样迭出,清晰简洁且明了地导入并回应主题是必须的。那么如何针对特定话题写一个好的开头段呢?

4月份的雅思大作文,可是上过微博热搜的,据说是赶上雅思史上最难的话题了。其实呢,雅思写作的有些话题难,有些话题简单,但要认为写作是个运气活,就大错特错了。如掌握其基本的框架,这个是适用于所有的话题和题型的。而导入段的写作,可以说是雅思写作很模板化的一部分,但同时又是非常重要的一部分,毕竟好的开头是成功的一半。要知道,考官批改雅思大作文,那就好比高考考官批改语文作文,掐头去尾的道理,大家该懂的。

雅思写作开头段的构成
那我们研究开头段,第一个问题就是开头段是由什么组成的。开头段可以说是对于题目的一个最直接的回应,因此,一个开头段的组成基本是和题目的构成紧密相关的。而雅思大作文的题目构成主要分成两类,一类是和观点有关的题目,比方说“to what extent do you agree or disagree?”或者是“discuss both views and give your own opinion.” 这类题目的构成往往为“背景+题目观点+题目问题”。另一类是和事实有关的题目,比方说“do the advantages outweigh disadvantages?”或者是“what are the reasons and how to solve these issues?” 而这一类的题目中就只有“背景事实+题目问题”。

所以, 我们的较为标准的开头段通常便是“背景引入+题目观点复述+己方观点表达”或是,“背景引入+己方问题回应”。

因此我们在本篇先说一说开头段中的背景引入的方式。这个部分我认为应该是整个开头段从语言角度讲最重要的部分,最需要同学们的注意。

一方面因为,学生往往会用较为随便或千篇一律的描述一笔带过,比方是“Nowadays, with the development of...”这样的老套话术,会给考官模板的感觉,也让考官对文章一开始就失去兴趣。另一个需要重视这一部分的重要原因是,这部分灵活度很强,也就是能更好的展现自己的英语实力。

所以,比起简单的同意替换,我们可以把背景引入分为五大类:

雅思写作开头段写法1 摆事实

也就是通过对题目主题的理解,写一句对事实的描述,从而引出题目的话题或是问题。

例:1. Women and men are commonly seen as having different strengths and weakness. Is it right to exclude males or females from certain professions because of their gender?(Collins Unit1)

There have always been differences in the types of work men and women have done...

2. Convenience foods will become increasingly prevalent and eventually replace traditional foods and traditional methods of food preparation. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?(Collins Unit2)

The increasing availability of convenience foods has been a significant feature of modern life in many developed countries...

3. In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour. What do you think are the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? (C4T4)

Poor student behaviour seems to be an increasingly widespread problem and I think that modern lifestyles are probably responsible for this.

4. In some countries young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people who decide to do this. (C5T2)

It is quite common these days for young people in many countries to have a break from studying after graduating from high school.

雅思写作开头段写法2 给原因

也就是根据题目中的观点或是题目中的事实去向前推出一层原因,从而让开头更有逻辑。

例:1. As language such as English, Spanish and mandarin become more widely spoken, there is a fear that many minority languages may die out. Some countries have taken steps to protect minority languages. What is your view of this practice? (Collins Unit5)

As the world becomes more integrated, the need for common means of communication is becoming more pressing.

2. Successful sports professionals can earn a great deal more money than people in other important professions. Some people think this is fully justified while others think it is unfair. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. (C6T2)

As a result of constant media attention, sports professionals in my country have become stars and celebrities, and those at the top are paid huge salaries.

雅思写作开头段写法3 给结果

通过对于结果的描述,向上推出题目论证的内容。这个方法思路较绕,但是用恰当也算是另辟蹊径。

例:1. In the past, people spent their entire lives doing one job. But nowadays they change their job frequently. Please give your reasons and suggestions.

Though the experience of moving from one job to another can sometimes be distressing or even traumatic, thousands of employees move from one job to another in rapid succession every year.

2. Some people think that machine translation is highly developed in today`s society. Therefore it is not necessary for children to learn a foreign language. What`s your opinion.

It will be good news for school children when they are told that foreign language is no longer a required subject because translation can all be down by machines. ……

雅思写作开头段写法4 时间对比

这样的开头做法通常是将古今进行对比,从而引出题目的争论,或是主题。

例:1. Longer life spans and improvements in the health of older people suggest that people over the age of sixty-five can continue to live full and active lives. In what ways can social benefit from the contribution that older people can make?(Collins Unit9)

People today can expect to live a longer and healthier life than people in the past. …….(现在的人与过去相比预期活得更长,更健康。)

2. Many people believe that media coverage of celebrities is having a negative effect on children. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?(Collins Unit10)

In the past, news about famous people may have been confined to gossip columns in newspapers; these days it is not uncommon for celebrities to feature as front page news.

3. Some experts believe that it is better for children to begin learning a foreign language at primary school rather than secondary school. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages? (C9T1)

Traditionally, children have begun studying foreign languages at secondary school, but introducing them earlier is recommended by some educationalists.

雅思写作开头段写法5 地点对比

例:Some people think that it is better to educate boys and girls in separate schools. Others, however, believe that boys and girls benefit more from attending mixed schools. Discuss both these views and give your opinion. (C8GB)

Some countries have single-sex education models, while in others both single sex and mixed schools co-exist and it is up to the parents or the children to decide which model is preferable.(有些国家通行同性别教育模式;而有些国家实行同性别教育和混合教育,父母或者孩子自己可以决定哪种模式更适合。)

开头段的背景写作方式其实有很多很多种,只要是语言严谨准确,并且思路符合逻辑,都是好的雅思大作文开头段。以上就是《最好的雅思写作开头段写法 必出自这5类》的全部内容,更多雅思大作文提分与水平提升秘诀,请持续关注雅思频道。

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