雅思学术类小作文高端写法之二

所属专题:雅思写作  来源:沪江博客/朗阁海外考试研究中心    要点:雅思写作技巧  
编辑点评: 雅思作文中,有一类便是学术类文章,让许多考生都很头疼,不知从何处着手才能得高分。本文接上章节,将向大家介绍饼状图的小作文的高分写法,以供大家参考。

在上一个章节中,我们系统探讨了折线图主体段的高端写作思路和句型发展方式。在本章节里,我们将继续探讨饼状图主体段的高分思路和写法。

饼状图和折线图相比,从思路上来说更多;从词汇角度来说稍复杂些,比如在饼状图里,经常会涉及到扇形面积的描述,因此,我们会使用到“占”这个意思,而常用来表示这个意思的动词和词组有:constitute,comprise,account for,make up和take up;此外,扇形面积还时常会涉及5个常见的分数值,如1/3,2/3,1/2,1/4,3/4,当扇形面积在这5个分数值附近时,我们需要使用一些不同的句型来描述。从高分角度来说,饼图的主体段写作思路一般可以从3方面入手:

一、纵向数据对比的饼图

先描述面积最大的扇形,然后从大到小排列扇形顺序

在这种写法中,我们可以首先描写面积最大的扇形,也可以将面积最大的2块扇形面积一起描述。以下我们就来看一个例子:

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

You should write at least 150 words.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

Food and cars made up the two biggest items of expenditure in both years. Together they comprised over half of household spending. Food accounted for 44% of spending in 1966, but this dropped by two thirds to 14% in 1996. However, the outlay on cars doubled, rising from 23% in 1966 to 45% in 1996.

之后的数据排列我们可以按照大到小的扇形面积顺序,也可以以变化幅度较大或者有倍数关系的扇形为先,这种写法更高级。如:

Other areas changed significantly. Spending on eating out doubled, climbing from 7% to 14%. The proportion of salary spent on computers increased dramatically, up from 1% in 1996 to 10% in 1996. However, as computer expenditure rose, the percentage of outlay on books plunged from 6% to 1%.

先描述面积最小的扇形

在此提醒考生,在这种写法中有一个前提,也就是这块扇形最小的面积代表的是“positive”的含义。

以下我们就来看一个例子:

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

You should write at least 150 words.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

In 1945 only 30% of women completed their secondary education and 1% went on to a first degree. No women had completed post-graduate studies. This situation had changed radically by 1995. In 1995, 90% of women in Someland had completed secondary education and of those, half had graduated from an initial degree and 20% had gone on to postgraduate studies. At the other end of the scale we can see that by 1995 all girls were completing lower secondary, although 10% ended their schooling at this point. This is in stark contrast with 1945 when only 30% of girls completed primary school, 35% had no schooling at all and 35% only completed the third grade.

若采用这种写法时,必须注意的是2个饼图在转换时必须有“过渡句”,如第2个下划线的句子,来引导后面的数据。

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