SAT语法考点之副词用法

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编辑点评: SAT语法的一个常考点就是副词的辨析。此类题型不像句法结构的辨析一样有规律可循,因此日常的积累显得尤为重要。本文主要总结了几组常见的副词辨析,希望能有所帮助。

SAT语法考试中的词义辨析是一个难点,因为它并不如句子结构错误一般有规律可循。而这之中副词的辨析又是一个重点。本文就为大家简单总结了SAT中常考的副词的用法。

1. SAT语法考试副词的种类

(1) 时间副词,如:ago, before, already, just, now, early, late, finally, tomorrow等。

(2) 地点副词 如:here, there, near, around, in, out, up, down, back, away, outside等。

(3) 方式副词 如:carefully, angrily, badly, calmly, loudly, quickly, politely, nervously等。

(4) 程度副词 如:almost, nearly, much, greatly, a bit, a little, hardly, so, very等。

2. 某些副词在用法上的区别

(1) already, yet, still

already表示某事物已经发生,主要用于肯定句;yet表示期待某事发生,主要用于否定句和疑问句;still表示某事还在进行,主要用于肯定句和疑问句,有时也可用于否定句。

如:We've already watched that film.

  I haven't finished my homework yet.

  He still works until late every night.

(2) too, as well, also, either

too,as well和also用于肯定句和疑问句。too和as well多用于口语,一般放在句末,而also多用于书面语,一般放在句中与动词连用。either用于否定句和否定的疑问句,往往放在句末。

如:He went there too.

  He didn't go there either.

  I like you as well.

  I also went there.

(3) hard, hardly

hardly意为“几乎”,与hard在词义上完全不同。

如:I work hard every day.

  I can hardly remember that.

(4) late, lately

lately意为“最近、近来”,late意为“晚、迟”。

如:He never comes late.

  Have you been to the museum lately?

3. SAT语法中副词比较等级的用法

其用法与形容词相似,只是副词最高级前可省略定冠词。

如:Of all the boys he sings (the) most beautifully.

  We must work harder.

下面来看几道例题:

例1 Tom's father thinks he is already ____.

  A high enough  B tall enough

  C enough high  C enough tall

该题正确答案是B。修饰人高用tall,而建筑物的高用high,并且enough修饰形容词要放在形容词后面。因此该题选B。

例2  ____ the worse I seem to be.

  A When I take more medicine

  B The more medicine I take

  C Taking more of the medicine

  D More medicine taken

该题正确答案为B。“the+比较级+…,the +比较级+…”意为“越…,越…”。该句意为:吃的药越多,我的病越是加重。

例3 "I haven't been to London yet".

  "I haven't been there ____."

  A too  B also  C either  D neither

该题正确答案为C。A和B都用于肯定句中。D-neither本身意为否定,“两者都不”,而C-either则用于否定句中,意为“也”。

例4 Mr Smith was ____ moved at the news.

  A deep  B deeply  C very deep  D quite deeply

该题正确答案为B。A-deep的确也可以用作副词,但它表示具体含义上的“深”,如dig deep;而B-deeply的含义更抽象,多修饰表示感情色彩的词,如本题中的deeply moved,deeply regret等。而D选项中quite和deeply均为副词,不能互相修饰。

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