9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 4 Vocab-in-Context Questions

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根据上下文推测词义是阅读理解中较为容易的部分。

根据上下文推测词义是阅读理解中较为容易的部分。基本上,这类问题要求考生推测特定上下文中词语的意思。例如:

I worked up a storm today!

A terrible storm threatened our community.

这两句话中的"Storm"意思是不同的。

怎样区别这个词的不同含义?当然是要看这个单词所在的句子。第一句话中的"Storm"显然雨天气无关,而其二句话中的"Storm"则指的是天气。

SAT中的这类问题会比上面的例子更难,但确是在阅读部分较容易得分的问题。

Three-step strategy for vocab-in-context questions:

1. 仔细阅读单词所在的句子。

2. 辨别词义,想出一个同义词。

3. 根据想出的同义词在选项中找出答案。

根据上下文推测词义是SAT阅读中较为容易的一类问题,题目会类似于:

On line 7, "construction" most nearly means:

首先要找到第7行,定位"construction"所在的句子,并阅读整句话。这一点非常重要,因为如果仅仅读第7行,得到的信息可能不完善,或是错误的。

例如:7 construction is actually quite complex.

第7行的这句话并不完整,你可能会想到construction的不同意思,但整句话可能会是:

5 Even though people find foreign languages

6 very difficult to learn, English

7 construction is actually quite complex.

因此,再次强调一下,读完整句话是非常重要的。在定位词语并读完句子后,就可以进入第二步,找出同义词。在这句话中,construction的意思是指英文的规则及结构,一次就可以想出一个同义词:structure.

现在我们来看一下整个问题,然后进行第三步:

On line 7, "construction" most nearly means:

A. edification

B. building

C. composition

D. assembly

E. comprehension

接下来我们就要在选项中找到与structure意义相近的词,只有"composition"与之意思相似。虽然"building"也是structure的一种,但building值得是建筑物,因此不能选。

下面我们在来看一个例子:

On line 44, "heated" most nearly means:

A. enflamed

B. loud

C. passionate

D. corrupt

E. tempered

首先,找到原文:

43 And it wasn't until then that I

44 had a heated conversation with

45 my former friend; we argued for

46 hours on end.

然后,找出近义词: "high-spirited" 或 "angry"。

在选项中找到意义相近的词。最佳选项为:C.passionate。

1. Scrooge, in the famous novel by Dickens, was a ____ ; he hated the rest of mankind.

A. misanthrope    B. hypochondriac    C. philanthropist

D. hedonist    E. sybarite

2. A businessman must widen his horizons; a ____ attitude will get you nowhere in this age of global communications.

A. moderate    B. petrified    C. parochial

D. diversified    E. comprehensive

3. Our bookshelves at home display a range of books on wide-ranging subjects and in many languages, reflecting the ____ tastes of our family members.

A. anomalous    B. limited    C. arcane

D. furtive    E. eclectic

4. Plastic bags are ____ symbols of consumer society; they are found wherever you travel.

A. rare    B. ephemeral     C. ubiquitous

D. fleeting    E. covert

5. Dr. Stuart needs to ____ his argument with more experimental data; as it stands his thesis is ____ .

A. support - profound    B. bolster - acceptable    C. refine - satisfactory

D. buttress - inadequate    E. define - succinct

6. After an initially warm reception by most reviewers and continued ____ by conservative thinkers, Bloom's work came under heavy fire.

A. criticism    B. endorsement    C. denigration

D. counterattack    E. refutation

7. Through the 19th Century, the classics of Western Civilization were considered to be the ____ of wisdom and culture, and an ____ person - by definition- knew them well.

A. foundation - average    B. epitome - uneducated    C. cornerstone - obtuse

D. font - ecclesiastical    E. repository - educated

8. In this biography we are given a glimpse of the young man ____ pursuing the path of the poet despite ____ and rejection slips.

A. doggedly - disappointment    B. tirelessly - encouragement    C. sporadically - awards

D. successfully - acclaim    E. unsuccessfully - failure

9. All European countries are seeking to diminish the check upon individual ____ which state examinations with their ____ growth have bought in their train.

A. rights - liberating    B. liberties - empowering    C. spontaneity - tyrannous

D. foibles - inevitable    E. creativity - soporific

10. In keeping with his own ____ in international diplomacy, Churchill proposed a personal meeting of heads of government, but the effort was doomed to failure, as the temper of the times was ____ .

A. ideas - pluralistic    B. predilections - inimical    C. aversions - hostile

D. impulses - amicable    E. maxims - salacious 

答案请戳:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 4 Vocab-in-Context Questions 【练习答案】

上期文章:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 3 Analytical Questions

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