9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 5 Advanced Comprehension Questions

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【跟着沪江走,高分在招手】·【SAT备考·阅读篇】

前几篇文章我们介绍了SAT中的阅读理解题,今天我们来看一下SAT中出现的较难的问题,以及一些解题策略。

与分析性问题不同的是,理解题不要求考生多文章内容进行推论。但一些理解题要求大家重复文中已出现的一些观点或是表述。

解答这类问题,要遵循以下几点:

1. 找到可以从中得到答案的句子。

2. 仔细阅读全文,而不是浏览。

3. 用自己的话对文章进行总结、概括。从选项中找出与之匹配的答案。

我们先用一个例子做一下示范:

1 Beauty is in the eye of the beholder, or so
2 the cliche holds. It is probably an accurate
3 one, for beauty is a concept with a fleeting
4 definition. In fact, beauty varies from
5 culture to culture - some African cultures
6 find women with large noses particularly
7 attractive, while in the West we favor the
8 quintessential blond. Those who try to
9 impose beauty typically come up short -
10 just ask Hitler how his Aryan race is
11 doing these days. The fact of the matter is
12 that beauty is something to be appreciated
13 and not understood.

Which of the following examples corresponds to the "blond" on line 8?

A) a diamond in the rough

B)introspective beauty

C) conflicting perceptions

D) archetypal perceptions

E) extroverted personality

第一步:找到第8行,完整的句子是:"...while in the West we favor the quintessential blond."

第二步:仔细阅读整段话,理解单词所在句子的意思。

第三步:对这段话作总结。这一段讲了什么?可能会吧单词所在的句子概括为:Different societies have different perceptions of beauty.那么blond就是典型感知美的一种。

第四步:从选项中找出答案。只有D.archetypal perceptions符合。A、B与D选项完全相反,而C、E则与问题无关。

下面我们再来看2个例子:

7: We today find Ibsen's work mundane, even
8: uninspired. In the late nineteenth century,
9: however, Ibsen was not only a maverick
10: but a downright degenerate. In fact, his
11: plays were originally not published in
12: Sweden due to censorship laws. Elsewhere
13: in Europe, Victorian critics derided his
14: immoral, tasteless dramas. The public
15: loved every bit of it. Even with every
16: zealot opposing his productions, Ibsen
17: became a celebrity of a playwright and
18: enjoyed great acclaim in his later years.

Which of the following would be most likely to oppose Ibsen's works?

A) a "maverick" (line 9)

B) a "degenerate" (line 10)

C) the "public" (line 14)

D) a "zealot" (line 16)

E) a "playwright" (line 17)

第一步:问题的选项涉及整段话,最好再仔细读一遍原文。

第二步:找出Ibsen的作品最不可能是哪一类。

第三步:如果你的答案是"Victorian critics,"恭喜你选择正确。这段话的主要观点是:尽管受到严厉的批评,Ibsen还是成功成为了欧洲广受好评的剧作家。

第四步:在选项中找出相匹配的答案。只有"zealot,"与"Victorian"相似。

如果你不知道Victorian什么意思改怎么办?

首先, 根据文章,可以得知, "maverick" and a "degenerate"可以用来形容 Ibsen,因为审查原因,他的作品不能发表。因此就可以得知,"Victorian critics"是反对Ibsen的。

SAT官方和出卷老师可能会给出类似"Victorian"的词迷惑学生,大家要冷静,但这问题通读全文,给出自己的答案就可以了。

3 And I did tell him - I said, oh yes suh - ain't
4 nothin' wrong with that. She walkin' by with
5 them peaches in the basket, yes suh - and
6 I know what I is seeing there, yes suh - but
7 ain't she Susie's daughter? Yes, yes, she
8 was. It didn't matter, though - back then
9 she was just some fine 'lookin gal. It was
10 only years later that I would realize that
11 she was a hybrid if you could say that,
12 well, a mixture, of two colors, races, and
13 peoples. Not for me, no suh.

What are the speaker's feelings about Susie?

A) He detests her because of her racial background

B) He pities her single-parent upbringing

C) He longs for her and has inculcated emotions for her

D) He does not trust her

E) He finds her attractive despite societal conventions

首先,应该可以看出这是比较难懂的半散文,但可能会经常出现在SAT阅读中。官方会避免题目中涉及理解这类语言的问题,大家最好提前熟悉这类文章的题型。

在读文章时,先确定作者写作时的感情,然后找出作者的态度与陈述,你可能会有以下想法:

• 作者被Susie吸引。

• 作者描述Susie是用的是过去式。

• 作者说Susie is "not for him"。

• Susie与作者不是同一民族的人。 

然后再答案中找出符合上述几点的选项,只有E项反映了作者的态度。

1. To reach Simonville, the traveller needs to drive with extreme caution along the ____ curves of the mountain road that climbs ____ to the summit.

A. serpentine - steeply    B. jagged - steadily    C. gentle - precipitously

D. shady - steadily    E. hair-raising - languidly

2. The cricket match seemed ____ to our guests; they were used to watching sports in which the action is over in a couple of hours at the most.

A. unintelligible    B. inconsequential    C. interminable

D. implausible    E. evanescent

3. Our present accountant is most ____ ; unlike the previous _____ incumbent, he has never made a mistake in all the years that he has worked for the firm.

A. unorthodox - heretical    B. dependable - assiduous    C. punctilious - painstaking

D. asinine - diligent    E. meticulous - unreliable

4. The refugee's poor grasp of English is hardly an _____ problem; she can attend classes and improve within a matter of months.

A. implausible    B. insuperable    C. inconsequential

D. evocative    E. injudicious

5. We appreciated his ____ summary of the situation; he wasted no words yet delineated his position most ____ .

A. comprehensive : inadequately    B. succinct : direfully    C. cogent : persuasively

D. verbose : concisely    E. grandiloquent : eloquently

6. His musical tastes are certainly ____ ; he has recordings ranging from classical piano performances to rock concerts, jazz and even Chinese opera.

A. antediluvian    B. eclectic    C. harmonious

D. sonorous    E. dazzling

7. I cannot conclude this preface without ____ that an early and untimely death should have prevented Persius from giving a more finished appearance to his works.

A. rejoicing    B. lamenting    C. affirming

D. commenting    E. mentioning

8. Before his marriage the Duke had led an austere existence and now regarded the affectionate, somewhat ____ behavior of his young wife as simply ____ .

A. restrained - despicable    B. childish - elevating    C. playful - sublime

D. frivolous - puerile    E. unpleasant - delightful

9. Wilson ____ that human beings inherit a tendency to feel an affinity and awe for other living things, in the same way that we are ____ to be inquisitive or to protect our young at all costs.

A. argues - encouraged    B. maintains - trained    C. contends - predisposed

D. fears - taught    E. demurs - genetically programmed

10. The pond was a place of reek and corruption, of ____ smells and of oxygen-starved fish breathing through laboring gills.

A. fragrant    B. evocative    C. dolorous

D. resonant    E. fetid 

答案请戳:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 5 Advanced Comprehension Questions 【练习答案】

上期文章:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 4 Vocab-in-Context Questions

下期文章:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 6 Two Passage Questions

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