9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 7 More On Analytical Questions

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在第三期中,我们介绍了SAT中的分析性问题。这类分析性问题很重要,因为经常会在SAT阅读中出现,而且比一般理解性问题难。但是,掌握了方法后,这类问题就不算难了。

今天我们来看一下解答分析性问题的一些技巧。

大家首先要知道的是什么样的问题属于分析性问题。理解性问题要求考生回顾文章的内容,而分析性问题则要求考生研究、思考、解释、推断。在理解性问题中,问题的答案从原文中就可以找到,例如:

Why doesn't Sarah want to meet Emily?

这就是理解性问题,原文中暗示或明确说明了Sarah不想见到Emily的原因。但分析性问题却不同,例如:

Which of the following words best describes Sarah?

这一问题要求大家从文中的描述总结Sarah的性格,然后再选择答案。这一题显然比上一题需要更多的思考。

一旦确定了问题属于分析性问题,下面要做的就是思考:What is the question REALLY asking?(这一题真正想问什么?)例如,思考下面的问题:

With which of the following statements would the author most likely agree?

这一题实际上是要求考生pick the statement that "matches" the passage(选出与文章内容相匹配的陈述)。

再来看一题:

It can be inferred from the selection that Tesla:

A. was an awful businessman

B. did not have the same education as Edison

C. was overly trusting of human nature

D. was a natural competitor

E. misjudged Edison's character

这一题实际上问的是:"What is true about Tesla?"(有关Tesla的描述,哪一项是正确的)。

一旦确定了问题类型,在做题时就可以采用一些逻辑方法。

Strategies to eliminate analysis choices:

Avoid extreme choices.避免绝对项

绝对项正确的概率非常小。例如,在上一题中,"awful"这一次就过于绝对,应排除。

Synonyms don't count.排除同义词

尤其是具有相同意义的选项。这样相同意思的选项基本不是正确答案。在上一题中,B项和E项的意思相近(misjudgment of character = overly trusting),因此这两项都不是正确答案,因为正确答案只有一个。

Don't over-extend.不要过度推测

不要做出2-3个推论来证明一个答案。你可能并不知道这个推论的正确性,也许这个推断基于错误的或是不准确的假设。

记住,这些tips只是在大家选不出答案的时候用,并不绝对,在考试中,大家还是要考虑所有的选项。

1. The candidate _____ when asked why he had left his last job; he did not want to admit that he had been ____ .

A. demurred - promoted    B. confided - banned    C. dissembled - dismissed

D. rejoiced - wrong    E. hesitated - lauded

2. Tennyson was a well-loved poet; no other poet since has been so ____ .

A. lionized    B. attacked    C. decried

D. poetical    E. abhorred

3. The parliamentary session degenerated into ____ with politicians hurling ____ at each other and refusing to come to order.

A. mayhem - banter    B. disarray - pleasantries    C. tranquillity - invectives

D. chaos - aphorisms    E. anarchy - insults

4. The admiral ____ his order to attack when he saw the white flag raised by the enemy sailors; he was relieved that he could bring an end to the ____ .

A. reiterated - hostilities    B. countermanded - fighting    C. commandeered - truce

D. renounced - hiatus    E. confirmed - aggression

5. In a fit of ____ she threw out the valuable statue simply because it had belonged to her ex-husband.

A. pique    B. goodwill    C. contrition

D. pedantry    E. prudence

6. Many 17th century buildings that are still in existence have been so ____ by successive owners that the original layout is no longer ____ .

A. preserved - visible    B. modified - apparent    C. decimated - enshrouded

D. salvaged - required    E. neglected - appropriate

7. Since ancient times sculpture has been considered the ____ of men; women sculptors have, until recently, consistently met with ____.

A. right - acceptance    B. domain - approbation    C. domicile - ridicule

D. realm - condolence    E. prerogative - opposition

8. ____ action at this time would be inadvisable; we have not yet accumulated sufficient expertise to warrant anything other than a ____ approach.

A. precipitate - cautious    B. hesitant - wary    C. vacillating - circuitous

D. decisive - firm    E. ponderous - direct

9. Many biologists have attempted to ____ the conditions on earth before life evolved in order to answer questions about the ____ of biological molecules.

A. mimic - fitness    B. standardize - shapes    C. replicate - reactions

D. simulate - origin    E. ameliorate - evolution

10. Harding was unable to ____ the results of the survey; although entirely unexpected, the figures were obtained by a market research firm with an ____ reputation.

A. accept - peerless    B. discount - impeccable    C. fault - mediocre

D. counter - unenviable    E. believe - fine 

答案请戳:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 7 More On Analytical Questions 【练习答案】

上期文章:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 6 Two Passage Questions

下期文章:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 8 Extension Questions

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