9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 8 Extension Questions

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【跟着沪江走,高分在招手】·【SAT备考·阅读篇】

推断题是SAT阅读中最难的问题类型,因为它要求考生理解、分析、在进行推断。今天我们就来看一下,怎样做这些推断性问题。

先来看下面的一小段话:

5 If we want to stop prejudice and hate in the world,
6 we must first recognize that we share more in common
7 than we like to think and that our differences are
8 mainly trivial and superficial.

根据这一小段话,你是否可以推断出作者对特定话题的态度,比如,种族歧视。在SAT考试中,问题可能会是:

Based on lines 5-8, which of the following statements likely describes the author's attitude toward racial discrimination?

A. It is uniquely an American occurrence

B. It is based on the vast contrasts between various races in society

C. It is based on ignorance

D. It is a growing trend

E. It will always be ignored

从这段话中可以推断出,C项是正确的。文中提到:"we must recognize...",就表明现在我们还没有意识到这个问题。来看一下,其他几项为什么是错误的:

A项:文中并没有提到种族主义是一个社会所特有的。

B项:文中,作者提到,这些差异是"trivial"(微不足道的)。

D项:作者并没有表明种族主义这一趋势不断扩大。

E项:作者并没有提到要忽视种族主义。

我们再来看一个例子:

17 She cautiously opened the door, peeking
18 around the corner for any onlookers. Feeling
19 uneasy, she entered the room, crept to the safe,
20 and removed the documents.

做下一题之前,问自己一个问题:"What is going on here?"(这里发生了什么?)。很显然,这几句话是叙事句,描写一位女性想要预先拿走这些文件,你应在脑中记下下面的几点:

• 她可能是秘密拿走这些文件

• 附近可能有人("peeking... onlookers")

• 她很紧张("uneasy")

• 这些文件很有价值("safe")

文章并没有直接描写出以上几点,但大家可以推断出来。下面里看一下问题:

It can be inferred that she is taking the documents:

A. With the permission of the owners

B. To commit a criminal act

C. Under a great deal of stress and anxiety

D. Without knowledge of the information they contain

E. With the consent of the original author

正确答案是C。文中的 "uneasy"就说明了这位女士"under a great deal of stress and anxiety"。其它选项文中并没有提到,或是根据过度推断得出的。

B项有一定道理,毕竟她在偷偷做一件事,而且还很紧张,但这并不能直接得出她在犯罪这一结论。

选择答案是,问一下自己为什么这个答案正确,文中有没有提示。

希望今天的文章可以帮助大家更好地理解推断题。

1. The success of the business venture ____ his expectations; he never thought that the firm would prosper.

A. confirmed    B. belied    C. nullified

D. fulfilled    E. ratified

2. For centuries there was no ___ between their descendents; in fact ____ strife continued until modern times.

A. peace - internecine    B. hostility - intermittent    C. malevolence - intense

D. amity - contrived    E. difference - feudal

3. The journalist ____ the efforts of the drug squad to control drug peddling, claiming that they had actually ____ the problem.

A. commended - increased    B. lauded - intensified    C. decried - solved

D. deprecated - exacerbated    E. noted - caused

4. Since the Romans failed to ____ the tribes in Northern Britain, they built a wall to ____ the tribes.

A. conquer - alienate    B. impress - intimidate    C. subjugate - exclude

D. pacify - enrage    E. neutralize - barricade

5. The professor became increasingly ____ in later years, flying into a rage whenever he was opposed.

A. taciturn    B. voluble    C. subdued

D. contrite    E. irascible

6. Although the deep sea has a typically ____ fauna, near vents in the sea bed where warm water emerges live remarkable densities of invertebrates and fish.

A. verdant    B. unique    C. lush    

D. pallid    E. sparse

7. Their bantering talk seemed ____, but in fact it masked an underlying ____ .

A. hostile - antipathy    B. amicable - antagonism    C. jovial - assumptions

D. exasperating - frustrations    E. friendly - geniality

8. The new nomenclature was so ____ that many chemists preferred to revert to the older trivial names that were at least shorter.

A. succinct    B. cumbersome    C. irrational

D. facile    E. systematic

9. Even though the auditors ____ the accountant, his reputation was ____ by the allegations of fraud.

A. vindicated - enhanced    B. indicted - blemished    C. betrayed - ruined

D. exonerated - tarnished    E. cleared - condoned

10. Many so-called social playwrights are distinctly ____ ; rather than allowing the members of the audience to form their own opinions, these writers force a viewpoint on the viewer.

A. conciliatory    B. prolific    C. iconoclastic

D. didactic    E. contumacious 

答案请戳:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 8 Extension Questions 【练习答案】

上期文章:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 7 More On Analytical Questions

下期文章:9天搞定SAT阅读-Day 9 Summary and Review

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