SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(51-100)

所属专题:SAT考试  来源:新东方在线    要点:SAT高频词汇  
编辑点评: 为了方便同学记忆SAT词汇,小编特推出SAT单词考前必背高频词系列共7个list, 每个list有50个千挑万选出来的单词,每个list分为2个部分,希望对考生备考有所帮助。

SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(1-50)

SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(51-100)

SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(101-150)

SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(151-200)

SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(201-250)

SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(251-300)

SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(301-350)

51. vitriolic

vitriolic /ˌvɪtrɪˈɒlɪk/

ADJ If you describe someone'slanguage or behaviour as vitriolic, you disapprove of it because it is full ofbitterness and hate, and so causes a lot of distress and pain. (言行)尖酸刻薄的 [usu ADJ n] [表不满]

例:

There was a vicious and vitriolic attack on him in one of theSunday newspapers two weeks ago.

两周前的一份周日报纸上刊登了一篇对他进行尖酸刻薄攻击的文章。

52. savor

savor /ˈseɪvə/ CET6+ TEM8 (savoring, savored, savors )

V-T If you savor an experience, you enjoy it as much as you can. 尽情享受

例:

She savored her newfound freedom.

她体味到了她新获得的自由。

53. ingenuity

ingenuity /ˌɪndʒɪˈnjuːɪtɪ/ CET6+ TEM4

N-UNCOUNT Ingenuity is skill at working out how to achieve things or skill at inventing new things. 善于创新; 足智多谋

例:

Inspecting the nest can be difficult and may require some ingenuity.

仔细检查鸟巢可能有困难,也许需要一些巧妙的心思。

54. pessimistic

pessimistic /ˌpɛsɪˈmɪstɪk/ CET4 TEM4

ADJ Someone who is pessimistic thinks that bad things are going to happen. 悲观的

例:

Not everyone is so pessimistic about the future.

并非每个人都对未来如此悲观。

55. cultivate

cultivate ['kʌltɪvet] vt. 培养;陶冶;耕作

V-T If you cultivate an attitude, image, or skill, you try hard to develop it and make it stronger or better. 培养 (态度、技巧等); 树立 (形象、观念等)

例:

He has written eight booksand has cultivated the image of an elder statesman.

他已写了8本书,并树立了一个政界元老的形象。

56. castigate

castigate /ˈkæstɪˌɡeɪt/ (castigating, castigated, castigates )

V-T If you castigate someone or something, you speak to them angrily or criticize them severely. 谴责 [正式]

例:

Marx never lost anopportunity to castigate colonialism.

马克思从不放过任何谴责殖民主义的机会。

57. spate

spate /speɪt/ TEM8 ( spates )

N-COUNT A spate of things,especially unpleasant things, is a large number of them that happen or appear within a short period of time. 一连串

例:

...the recent spate of attacks on horses.

…最近对马的一连串袭击。

58. brisk

brisk /brɪsk/ CET6 TEM4 ( brisker, briskest )

ADJ A brisk activity oraction is done quickly and in an energetic way. 轻快的

例:

Taking a brisk walk can often induce a feeling of well-being.

轻快的散步经常能使人心旷神怡。

59. humanitarian

humanitarian /hjuːˌmænɪˈtɛərɪən/ CET6 TEM4

ADJ If a person or society has humanitarian ideas or behaviour, they try to avoid making people suffer or they help people who are suffering. 人道主义的

例:

Air bombardment raisedcriticism on the humanitarian grounds that innocent civilians might suffer.

空袭遭到了非难,因为从人道主义的角度来看,无辜的平民可能会遭受伤害。

60. altruism

altruism /ˈæltruːˌɪzəm/

N-UNCOUNT Altruism isunselfish concern for other people's happiness and welfare. 利他主义

例:

Fortunately, volunteers are not motivated by self-interest, but by altruism.

幸运的是,志愿者们不是被自身利益而是被利他主义推动。

61. caricature

caricature /ˈkærɪkəˌtjʊə/ TEM8 ( caricaturing, caricatured, caricatures)

N-COUNT A caricature ofsomeone is a drawing or description of them that exaggerates their appearance or behaviour in a humorous or critical way.漫画

例:

The poster showed a caricature of Hitler with a devil's hornsand tail.

这张招贴漫画里的希特勒长着魔鬼一样的犄角和尾巴。

62. illiterate

illiterate /ɪˈlɪtərɪt/ CET6 TEM4 ( illiterates )

ADJ Someone who is illiterate does not know how to read or write. 文盲的

例:

A large percentage of thepopulation is illiterate.

人口中文盲的比例相当高。

63. alarmed

alarmed /əˈlɑːmd/

ADJ If someone is alarmed,they feel afraid or anxious that something unpleasant or dangerous might happen. 恐慌的

例:

They should not be too alarmed by the press reports.

他们不应该被媒体报道搞得过于恐慌。

64. impugn

impugn /ɪmˈpjuːn/ (impugning, impugned, impugns )

V-T If you impugn something such as someone's motives or integrity, you imply that they are not entirely honest or honourable. 指责; 质疑 [正式]

例:

The Secretary's letter impugns my motives.

该部长的来函质疑我的动机。

65. recant

recant /rɪˈkænt/ ( recanting,recanted, recants )

V-T/V-I If you recant, you say publicly that you no longer hold a set of beliefs that you had in the past.公开放弃(信仰) [正式]

例:

White House officials ordered Williams to recant.

白宫官员命令威廉斯公开宣布放弃自己的观点。

66. surrogate

surrogate / ˈsʌrəɡɪt/ TEM8 (surrogates )

ADJ You use surrogate to describe a person or thing that is given a particular role because the person or thing that should have the role is not available. 替代的 [ADJ n]

例:

Martin had become Howard Cosell's surrogate son.

马丁已成为霍华德马考塞尔的代子了。

67. personification

personification /pɜːˌsɒnɪfɪˈkeɪʃən/

N-SING If you say that someone is the personification of a particular thing or quality, you mean that they are a perfect example of that thing or that they have a lot of thatquality. 典型; 化身

例:

Janis Joplin was the personification of the '60s female rock singer.

贾尼斯·乔普林是60年代女摇滚歌手的典型。

68. derivation

derivation /ˌdɛrɪˈveɪʃən/TEM4 ( derivations )

N-VAR The derivation of something, especially a word, is its origin or source. 根源(尤指词根) [oft N 'of' n, 'of' adj N]

例:

The derivation of its name is obscure.

它名字的根源起源鲜为人知。

69. baleful

baleful /ˈbeɪlfʊl/ TEM8

ADJ Baleful means harmful, orexpressing harmful intentions. 有害的; 恶意的 [文学性] [usuADJ n]

例:

...abaleful look.

...一种恶意的眼神。

70. trepidation

trepidation /ˌtrɛpɪˈdeɪʃən/

N-UNCOUNT Trepidation is fearor anxiety about something that you are going to do or experience. 惊恐; 焦虑 [正式]

例:

It was with some trepidation that I viewed the prospect of cycling across Uganda.

想到要骑自行车穿越乌干达,我感到有点惊恐不安。

71. posthumously

posthumously adv. posthumous的变形posthumous['pɔstjuməs; -tʃu-] adj.

父死后出生的;遗腹的;著作者死后出版的; 身后的;死后的

72. miscellany

miscellany /mɪˈsɛlənɪ/ (miscellanies )

N-COUNT A miscellany of things is a collection or group of many different kinds of things. 混合物; 大杂烩 [书面] [oft N 'of' n]

例:

...glass cases filled with a miscellany of objects.

...一些装满杂七杂八东西的玻璃盒子。

73. feasible

feasible /ˈfiːzəbəl/ CET4 TEM4

ADJ If something is feasible,it can be done, made, or achieved. 可行的

例:

She questioned whether it was feasible to stimulate investment in these regions.

她质问在这些地区刺激投资是否可行。

74. monetary

monetary /ˈmʌnɪtərɪ/ CET6 TEM4

ADJ Monetary means relating to money, especially the total amount of money in a country. 货币的 [商业] [ADJ n]

例:

Some countries tighten monetary policy to avoid inflation.

一些国家紧缩货币政策以避免通货膨胀。

75. confound

confound /kənˈfaʊnd/ ( confounding, confounded, confounds )

V-T If someone or somethingconfounds you, they make you feel surprised or confused, often by showing you that your opinions or expectations of them were wrong. 使吃惊; 使困惑

例:

He momentarily confounded his critics by his cool handling of thehostage crisis.

他通过冷静处理人质危机顿时使他的批评者们大吃一惊。

76. abashed

abashed /əˈbæʃt/

ADJ If you are abashed, you feel embarrassed and ashamed. 窘迫的 [书面][usu v-link ADJ]

例:

He looked abashed and uncomfortable.

他看起来既窘迫又不自在。

77. eclectic

eclectic /ɪˈklɛktɪk/ TEM8

ADJ An eclectic collection ofobjects, ideas, or beliefs is wide-ranging and comes from many different sources. 兼收并蓄的 [正式]

例:

...an eclectic collection of paintings, drawings, and prints.

…一批油画、素描、版画兼有的藏品。

78. languorous

languorous /ˈlæŋɡərəs/

ADJ If you describe an activity as languorous, you mean that it is lazy, relaxed, and not energetic,usually in a pleasant way. 懒洋洋的; 慢悠悠的 [文学性] [usu ADJ n]

例:

...languorous morning coffees on the terrace.

...清晨在露台上悠然自得地啜着咖啡。

79. quiescent

quiescent /kwɪˈɛsənt/

ADJ Someone or something that is quiescent is quiet and inactive. 静态的[文学性]

例:

...a society which was politically quiescent and above all deferential.

...一个遵循顺从至上及政治上平静的社会。

80. exacting

exacting /ɪɡˈzæktɪŋ/

ADJ You use exacting to describe something or someone that demands hard work and a great deal of care. 费劲的; 难办的

例:

She didn't think that he was well enough to carry out such an exacting task.

她认为他身体不是很好,不能执行如此艰巨的任务。

81. unnerved

unnerve /ʌnˈnɜːv/ TEM8 ( unnerving, unnerved, unnerves )

V-T If you say that something unnerves you, you mean that it worries or troubles you. 使不安

例:

The news about Dermot had unnerved me.

有关德莫特的消息已让我不安了。

82. renegade

renegade /ˈrɛnɪˌɡeɪd/ TEM8 (renegades )

N-COUNT A renegade is a person who abandons the religious, political, or philosophical beliefs that he or she used to have, and accepts opposing or different beliefs. 叛徒; 叛逆者; 改变信仰者

例:

He has shown himself to be a renegade without respect for the rule of law.

他已经表现出自己是个毫不尊重法规的叛逆者。

83. arrest

V-T If something or someonearrests a process, they stop it from continuing. 抑制 [正式]

例:

The sufferer may have to make major changes in his or her life to arrest the disease.

患者可能得对自身生活作大的调整以抑制病情。

84. sequestered

sequestered /sɪˈkwɛstəd/

ADJ A sequestered place isquiet and far away from busy places. 幽静的; 与世隔绝的 [文学性]

85. negligible

negligible /ˈnɛɡlɪdʒəbəl/ CET6TEM8

ADJ An amount or effect thatis negligible is so small that it is not worth considering or worrying about. 微不足道的

例:

The pay that the soldiers received was negligible.

士兵们得到的津贴微乎其微。

86. digression

digression [dai'ɡreʃən]n.

(谈话或写作的)离题,漫笔,漫谈离题话,枝节话,闲话,离题的段落(或部分),枝节内容

偏离,背离

【天文学】距角

87. vexing

vex /vɛks/ TEM8 ( vexing,vexed, vexes )

V-T If someone or something vexes you, they make you feel annoyed, puzzled, and frustrated. 使烦恼; 使迷惑; 使沮丧

例:

It vexedme to think of others gossiping behind my back.

想到别人在我背后说闲话让我很恼火。

88. stymied

stymie /ˈstaɪmɪ/ ( stymieing,stymied, stymies )

V-T If you are stymied by something, you find it very difficult to take action or to continue what youare doing. 妨碍 [非正式] [usu passive]

例:

Companies have been stymied by the length of time it takes to reach an agreement.

数个公司因耗费很长时间以达成协议而受到阻碍。

89. pedestrian

pedestrian /pɪˈdɛstrɪən/ CET6 TEM4 ( pedestrians )

N-COUNT A pedestrian is a person who is walking, especially in a town or city, rather than travelling in a vehicle. 行人

例:

Ingrid was a walker, even in Los Angeles, where a pedestrian is a rare sight.

英格丽德是个步行者,即使在行人少见的洛杉矶也是如此。

90. verve

verve /vɜːv/ TEM8

N-UNCOUNT Verve is lively and forceful enthusiasm. 激情 [书面]

例:

He looked for the dramatic,like the sunset in this painting, and painted it with great verve.

他追求画面的表现力—就像这幅画里的落日—而且创作时充满激情。

91. evocation

evocation /ˌɛvəˈkeɪʃən/ (evocations )

N-VAR An evocation of something involves creating an image or impression of it. (形象)重现 [正式][usu N 'of' n]

例:

...a perfectevocation of the period.

...该时代的一个完美的重现。

92. partisan

partisan /ˌpɑːtɪˈzæn, ˈpɑːtɪˌzæn/ CET6+ TEM8 ( partisans )

义项partisan读作ˈpɑːtɪzn。

ADJ Someone who is partisan strongly supports a particular person or cause, often without thinking carefully about the matter. 盲目拥护的

例:

He is clearly too partisan to be a referee.

他显然过于偏袒,不适合担任裁判。

93. bias

bias /ˈbaɪəs/ CET6 TEM4 ( biasing, biased, biases )

N-VAR Bias is a tendency to prefer one person or thing to another, and to favour that person or thing. 偏见

例:

...his desire to avoid the appearance of bias in favour of one candidate or another.

…他想避免表现出对这个或那个候选人有偏好。

94. dearth

dearth /dɜːθ/

N-SING If there is a dearth of something, there is not enough of it. 不足 [usu N 'of' n]

例:

Construction had slowed because of a dearth of labourers.

建筑进程缓慢是因为劳动力不足。

95. diminution

diminution /ˌdɪmɪˈnjuːʃən/

N-UNCOUNT A diminution of something is its reduction in size, importance, or intensity. 减小; 减弱 [正式] [usu N 'of/in' n]

例:

...despite a slight diminution in asset value.

...尽管资产价值略有减少。

96. mosaic

mosaic /məˈzeɪɪk/ TEM8 ( mosaics )

N-VAR A mosaic is a design which consists of small pieces of coloured glass, pottery, or stone set inconcrete or plaster. 马赛克

例:

...a Roman villa which once housed a fine collection of mosaics.

…一座曾藏有一批精美的马赛克收藏品的罗马别墅。

97. dispute

dispute /dɪˈspjuːt/ CET4 TEM4 ( disputing, disputed, disputes )

N-VAR A dispute is an argument or disagreement between people or groups.争论

例:

They have won previous pay disputes with the government.

他们曾赢过前几起与政府的工资纠纷。

98. foster

foster ['fɔstɚ] vt. 培养;养育,抚育;抱(希望等)adj. 收养的,养育的

V-T To foster something such as an activity or idea means to help it to develop. 促进

例:

He said that developed countries had a responsibility to foster globale conomic growth to help new democracies.

他说发达国家有一种促进全球经济增长以帮助新兴民主国家的责任。

99. exhort

exhort /ɪɡˈzɔːt/ TEM8 (exhorting, exhorted, exhorts )

V-T If you exhort someone to do something, you try hard to persuade or encourage them to do it. 劝告; 勉励 [正式]

例:

Kennedy exhorted his listeners to turn away from violence.

肯尼迪劝告他的听众要远离暴力。

例:

He exhorted his companions,"Try to accomplish your aim with diligence."

他勉励他的同志,“尝试以勤奋来实现目标。”

100. flexible

flexible ['flɛksəbl] adj. 灵活的;柔韧的;易弯曲的

ADJ Something or someone that is flexible is able to change easily and adapt to different conditions and circumstances as they occur. 灵活的 [表赞许]

例:

...flexible working hours.

…弹性工作时间。

声明:沪江网高度重视知识产权保护,发现本网站发布的信息包含有侵犯其著作权的链接内容时,请联系我们,我们将做相应处理。

>>点击查看SAT考试专题,阅读更多相关文章!

最新2018SAT高频词汇信息由沪江留学网提供。

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,建议采纳后可获得50沪元。

错误的描述:

修改的建议: