托福听力商业经济类单项词汇强化

所属专题:托福听力  来源:小站教育    要点:托福听力  
编辑点评: 托福听力词汇一般可以分为基础词汇、场景词汇和专业词汇,其中比较棘手的部分是专业词汇,针对这类托福听力词汇我们需要分类进行单项强化才能收获比较好的备考效果。下面我们就来梳理一下商业经济类托福听力单项词汇,希望对各位的托福备考有所帮助。

得听力者得托福,托福听力的重要性不言而喻;而托福词汇亦是很多同学备考托福提分之路上的一大阻碍,当这两大难点和重点“确认眼神”,托福听力词汇就成了备考托福的重中之重。托福听力词汇一般可以分为基础词汇、场景词汇和专业词汇,其中比较棘手的部分是专业词汇,针对这类托福听力词汇我们需要分类进行单项强化才能收获比较好的备考效果。下面我们就来梳理一下商业经济类托福听力单项词汇,希望对各位的托福备考有所帮助。

1. insurance保险
Police investigating a £10 million car insurance fiddle arrested 16 people yesterday. 调查涉及1,000万英镑的汽车保险诈骗案的警察昨天逮捕了16人。
2. contract合约
That contract proved to be a millstone around his neck. 那个合同结果成了他的一个负担。
3. verbal agreement 口头协议
I wrote a memorandum to confirm our verbal agreement. 我写了份备忘录以确认我们的口头协议.
4. repay 偿还
5. interest利息
Hopes of an early cut in interest rates bolstered confidence. 利率有望早日下调,从而增强了人们的信心。
6. merchant 商人
The ride was smooth until they got into the merchant ship's wake. 航行一直很顺利,直到他们碰上了商船的尾流。
7. merchandise商品
8. purchase采购
9. retail零售
10. debt 债务
11. establishment公司(机构)
12. commercial商业的(商业广告)
There has always been a difference between community radio and commercial radio. 社区广播电台和商业广播电台一直是有区别的。
13. infomercial电视广告
14. advertising广告
15. marketing营销
16. marketing strategy市场营销策略
17. target marketing 目标营销
Personalization, one - to - one marketing, target marketing – whatever you call it, the concept is not new. 个性化营销 、 一对一营销 、 目标营销——无论你怎么称呼它, 这都不再是一个新概念了.
18. monopoly垄断
Had he succeeded, he would have acquired a monopoly. 要是他当时成功了,他就会取得垄断地位。
19. trust托拉斯(一种垄断组织)
20. manufacture 制造
The date of manufacture of the jewellery has not been authenticated. 这些珠宝的制造日期尚未经证实.
21. powerplant 发电厂
22. mill 工厂
The mill was started up with scab labor. 罢工期间有人坚持上工,使得工厂重新开始运转。
23. company/firm/corporation 公司
24. lawfirm 律师事务所
25. label 标签
26. cost-effective 性价比高的
The government said it wanted to overhaul the employment training scheme to make it cost effective. 政府表示希望彻底改革就业培训计划以实现低成本高效益。
27. consumer/client/customer 顾客、客户
28. cost 成本
29. profit利润
30. profitable有利可图的
31. revenue收益
A government's revenue and expenditure should be balanced. 政府的财政收入和支出要平衡.
32. increment(名)增长
Each increment of knowledge tells us more of our world. 知识的点滴增长都会增进我们对世界的认知。
33. financial财务的
34. currency货币
.Inflation has turned the rouble into a toytown currency. 通货膨胀使得卢布变成了毫无价值的货币。
35. circulation流通
The supply of money in circulation was drastically reduced overnight. 流通领域的货币供应量一夜骤减。
36. banking银行业务
37. broker经纪人
He was a high-earning broker with money to burn. 他是高收入的经纪人,有花不完的钱。
38. fund 资金
39. grant津贴
She won a grant to develop her own business. 她赢得了一笔拨款,用以扩展自己的企业。
40. subsidize(动)补助
Many universities subsidize research and publications. 许多大学资助研究和出版.
41. value价值
42. valuable有价值的
43. invaluable无价的,非常有价值的
44. valueless一文不值的
45. loss损失
46. supply and demand 供求
47. supply chain供应链
48. supplier 供应商
49. fluctuation 浮动
The erratic fluctuation of market prices is in consequence of unstable economy. 经济波动致使市场物价忽起忽落。
50. recession 衰退
The economy remains deep in recession with few signs of a pick-up. 经济仍深陷衰退之中,几乎没有好转的迹象。
51. depression 萧条
52. crisis危机
The government is taking emergency action to deal with a housing crisis. 政府正采取紧急措施解决住房危机。
53. PR(public relation)公共关系
54. survey 调查
55. poll 投票
56. surplus 剩余
Japan is in the enviable position of having a budget surplus. 日本的预算盈余令人羡慕。
57. productivity生产力
Wages were rising faster than productivity and this was eating into profits. 工资的涨幅高过了生产率增长的速度,从而消耗了利润所得。
58. shipment 运输
59. distribution 分布
The cocaine was ready for distribution. 那些可卡因已经准备好进行分销了。
60. franchise 特许经营
61. budget 预算
The Budget does expose the lies ministers were telling a year ago. 预算案无疑揭穿了部长们一年前所说的谎话。
62. NGO( non-government organization) 非政府组织
63. NPO(non-profit organization) 非营利组织
64. charity慈善
65. privatize 私有化;privatization
66. nationalize(动)国有化;nationalization
67. localize(动)本地化;localization
68. state-owned 国有的
Non-state firms gradually elbow aside the inefficient state-owned ones. 非国有企业逐渐挤掉了效率低下的国有企业。
69. R&D (research and development) 研发
It is the end product of exhaustive research and development. 这是全面研发后的最终成品。
70. accounting 会计
71. merge 并购
Many companies merge and few demerge. 有很多公司合并,而分立的却很少。
以上就是关于托福听力商业经济类单项词汇强化的内容分享,托福词汇的识记需要日积月累才能有效果,托福听力的能力提升也需要不断练习与反思,希望各位TOEFLer合理利用资料和技巧,通过有的放矢的训练收获能力和分数的提升。

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