新托福考试阅读练习资料:What’s a Fly Doing in Antarctica?

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编辑点评: 新托福阅读的确有一定难度,大家在平时的复习中,要多做真题练习,积累词汇和句型以及做题的感觉,并且要在对过答案以后对错题进行分析,得出自己错在哪里,避免下次再犯。

下面的托福阅读材料,是关于近来科学家却在南极发现了苍蝇,这是怎么回事呢?

Sometimes the biggest finds are the smallest finds. Researchers examining a segment of siltstone taken from ground along the Beardmore glacier in Antarctica found something unexpected. They found a fly.

Well, not exactly a fly. They found a fly fossil–it’s a segment of the exoskeleton, the protective shell, of a fly larva. While the larvae are still growing, they are protected by a thin shell. And where there’s larval shell, there are flies. So what are flies doing in Antarctica? It’s much too cold there for flies. And the closest fly-friendly location, South America, is thousands of miles away.

Part of the answer is that the fly fossil is ancient–it was found with a number of other fossilized things that have been dated between three million and seventeen million years old. It’s possible that the fly lived during a period when sea levels were much lower there than they now are. Lower sea levels means wider continents –think of standing on the edge of a beach and having the water pull back. And wider continents means it’s more likely that living things might travel across the gap.

Or maybe not. Maybe flies are much older than anyone thought. We know that what we now call Antarctica was once connected to both South America and Australia. But that was around eighty million years ago, and flies aren’t thought to be that old.

Whatever the answer is, something in our understanding of the continents, the seas, or fly evolution has to be fixed. That’s one of the best things about science–a really big change can come from the discovery of something really small.

总之,对于托福考试阅读的准备并非一朝一夕之事,需要同学们付诸行动,提高托福阅读成绩指日可待 。

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