托福阅读:obsession with cleaning

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编辑点评: 托福阅读高分的关键是在于多看多练,同学们在日常练习中应该重视托福阅读材料的分析。为了帮助广大考生更好的复习,小编为大家整理提供托福阅读材料,供各位考生复习参考。

爱干净是很好的生活习惯,不过如果干净过了头,我们的健康和情绪就会受到负面影响。在下面的新托福考试阅读练习资料中我们要讨论的就是这个话题。

Our obsession with cleaning could be linked to rising rates of depression, scientists claim.

科学家称,过分洁癖可能会令人更加抑郁。

They believe that eliminating bacteria and viruses has actually made our immune systems weaker, and this in turn has affected the functioning of our brains.

科学家认为,清除病毒和细菌会降低人体抵抗力,同时也会影响人体大脑功能。

Scientists have long blamed our overly sterile environments for increases in asthma and allergies. They say some bacteria are necessary for bolstering our immune systems, and without them our bodies over-react to dust and pollen, resulting in an allergy.

长期以来,科学家指责过分干净的环境是哮喘和过敏的元凶。某些细菌对增强人体免疫力至关重要。没有细菌,我们会对灰尘、花粉极度敏感,产生过敏现象。

But now researchers believe that this over-reaction may also impair the brain’s ability to produce certain chemicals that make us happy – such as serotonin – and this leads to depression.

但是,现在科学家相信过度反应可能阻碍大脑分泌某种令人高兴的化学物质,例如血清素,这样,人就变得抑郁了。

They point out that rates of depression are far higher in the Western world compared to poorer nations. Around one in ten Britons suffers from depression compared to just one in a hundred in Nigeria, for example.

另外,科学家还指出,西方国家抑郁的程度远远高于贫穷国家。抑郁在英国的比例大约是1/10;而尼日利亚的仅为1/100.

以上就是这篇托福阅读材料,同学们可以积累其中的词汇及优美句式,找到托福阅读段的主题句,了解托福阅读的几个出题点。托福阅读训练是个长期的过程。大家如果每天做几篇阅读,坚持下来,一定会有不小的进步。预祝大家能有一个好的阅读成绩。

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