深入破解常考话题,赢取托福口语高分

所属专题:托福备考  来源:沪江留学网    要点:沪江英语教研课堂  
编辑点评: 上一期沪江英语教研课堂中,教研君给大家分享了托福口语独立任务的答题规律和答题要点,本期课堂,教研君再深入一些,教大家如何破解常考话题--工作和职业话题。

托福口语独立任务话题覆盖面广,提问方式灵活。要在短短的1分钟内速战速决,给出一个漂亮的回答,这需要的是平时多对相关话题进行深入学习和思考。今天,教研君带领大家深度解读近些年考过的跟工作或者职业相关的话题

其实,我们可以先大胆站在出题者的角度思考一下,如果想让考生说说跟工作或者职业相关的内容,我们可以从哪些角度切入。会不会让大家说说过去的工作经历?有可能。但前提是有工作经验的考生才有话可说;如果是学生的话,怎么办?这样想的话,很可能考官会让大家说说你将来想做什么。这样可以避免学生人群无话可说的尴尬。这两种可能性都被大家猜到了。

比如,在2008年3月2日和2006年11月18日两次考到以下题目: If you get a chance to choose a job, what will you do? What's your reason for choosing this job? Please include specific examples and details in your explanation.

而2009年12月12日的考题为: Describe a special job that you have had in the past or one that you would like to have in the future. Include details and examples in your explanation.

当然,除了以上两种出题方式的可能性,再多的猜测也只能是挂一漏万。因此,最关键的还是在拿到每个相关题目时,在动笔或者动口前,冷静、到位地分析出如何解题。解题正确与否,直接关系到回答是否正中考官下怀。否则就算话语表述再流利可能也会被考官判个低分。

我们一起来看看2008年5月10日的一道题:

Choose a profession that you love and you will never work a day in your life. Explain why this profession would be appealing to you and why you wouldn't take it. Include details and examples to support your response.

这道题中并没有生词,字面意思大家基本都能看懂。但之所以大家会犯嘀咕,可能是对题目的逻辑不太有把握。第一句话的前半句没有问题,因为题目说的是选择一个你喜欢的职业;但后半句话说的是这份职业你在将来是绝对不会碰的。其实看到这里,大家都有点恍惚了。什么样的工作是自己内心很想做的,但将来又不会去做的呢?教研君开始帮你倒计时,15秒过去了,你准备好开始说了吗?在考场上估计大家如果真的遇到这样的题,一定会很紧张。

那现在我们在没有压力的情况下,一起来仔细思考一下这里的逻辑。比如,我们可以想想,生活中是否有这样的场景。A好羡慕B的工作啊。B是外科医生,每年都可以帮助好多病人恢复健康,工作有成就感,社会地位高,收入丰厚。于是A想着大学毕业后也去做医生。但当B告诉A,其实医生这一行很辛苦。每天早出晚归,陪伴家人的时间很少。一个手术可能要十几个小时,对体力要求很高。另外,如今医患关系紧张,有时病人情绪一激动,医生可能会受伤。还没等B吐完苦水,A就打算放弃这看起来高大上的职业了,重新选择自己的职业道路。

教研君今天花了这么多的笔墨来解读这道题,其实是想告诉大家,当遇到拿捏不准的题目时,先静下心来把题目多看几遍,然后结合自己的生活经验来解析题目中蕴藏的逻辑。这样的题,只要逻辑想明白了,其实好多准备工作已经完成了,包括解读题目,以及罗列要点。让我们一起根据刚才的思路,并结合上次教研君分享给大家的解题方法,试着在1分钟内完成话题阐述。

第一步,解读题目:

Choose a profession that you love and you will never work a day in your life. Explain why this profession would be appealing to you and why you wouldn't take it. Include details and examples to support your response.
选择一个你喜欢的,但在将来不会从事的职业。请说明为什么这份职业对你有吸引力,但你不会去从事这份职业。请用细节和具体的事例来支持你给出的说法。

第二步:谋篇布局:

Intro:doctor
Body:
Love it. Why?
1. help others
2. respected
3. high income
But I won't do it. Why?
1. little time with family
2. need a strong body
3. risks
Transitional words: first, second, third
结语:therefore

第三步:Sample answer

开门见山亮出观点:A profession that I love but will never take is being a doctor. 喜欢医生这个职业的理由:It was my dream to become a doctor when I was a child. 1)A doctor can help a lot of people to get rid of some diseases, or even save their lives, and help them to get back to a normal life. 2)That's why doctors are well respected in our society. 3)Besides, for most doctors, especially surgeons, they have a high income and can live in a decent way in a big city like Shanghai. However, I will never take this profession in the future. 不会从事这一职业的原因:Though I admire doctors, I know that it is not easy to be a good doctor. 1)First, to make some achievements in this area, a lot of practice and training are required. They have to work on weekends and during holidays, and so have little time to spend with their family members. 2)Second, doctors need a strong body to cope with the heavy workload, especially surgeons. Sometimes, it takes many hours to finish an operation. 3)Third, in recent years, the tension between doctors and patients is not relieved. There may be unexpected risks. 结论:Therefore, I wouldn't become a doctor though I admire the profession.

共14句

我的记录时间为:45''

你的记录时间是多少呢?

类似话题练习:

1. It is generally agreed that society benefits from the work of its members. In your opinion, which type of contribution do you think is valued most by your society: the contributions of doctors, teachers or farmers? Give specific reasons to support your answer.(2009年1月18日考题)

2. What kind of volunteer work do you want to do?(2010年10月17日考题)

大家今天学习了托福口语独立任务常考话题--工作和职业话题的解题方法,可以再结合教研君此前和大家分享的托福独立口语任务的答题规律和答题要点来尝试答题。

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