写作垃圾词汇,你知道么?

所属专题:托福词汇  来源:TOEFL托福备考    要点:写作垃圾词汇  
编辑点评: 在托福备考和考试中,同学们,自己审视一下自己的写作和口语回答里,有没有满篇重复词?有没有满篇无趣表达?有没有重复出现垃圾词让判卷的崩溃呢?

垃圾词汇1:help

典型例句:I"ll help you .

替代语 accomodate E.g: I"ll endeavour to accomodate you.

垃圾词汇2: helpful

典型例句:Sth is helpful (to sb)

替代语 conducive E.g Sth is conducive to sb

鉴于托福写作多关于道德和品格塑造,再给出两个有用的短语:
time-honored 时代赋予的
do credit to our forbears 继承先辈的优秀传统

垃圾词汇3:show

典型例句:as it shows in the picture

替代语 reveal、betray
His voice betrayed his nervousness.

垃圾词汇4:think

典型例句:i think …

替代语deem

垃圾词汇5:ugly

典型例句:… is ugly

替代语 hideous

垃圾词汇6:by the way

典型例句:by the way,....

替代语 incidentally,…

垃圾词汇7: because

典型例句:… because …

替代语 in that/in as much as

垃圾词汇8: consider

典型例句: We must consider …

替代语: allow for E.g : We must allow for …

垃圾词汇9: much

典型例句: there has been a much increase in the world population

替代语:there has been a drastic increase in the…

垃圾词汇10: about

典型例句:it is about 250 times of that

替代语 it is approximately …

垃圾词汇N:……

那么,我们怎么能够提升我们语言的多样性呢?怎么能够让我们的写作/口语表达方式丰富起来呢???

1、换个词(适用于词汇量丰富的宝宝)
Nowadays: “如今”。这是一个被高中老师 “教坏”的词,以至于每个中国考生一写作文开头就必定不会忘记这个词。其实它只是个时间的表达,我们可以换成很多其他表达,比如说:in the present day and age,these days, in the past several decades, in current society, in the modern society等等,这些都会让’今天’变得不一样。

2、改词性(适合语法强悍的大能)
With the development of science and technology: “随着科学技术的发展”。
通常情况上来说,可以名词换动词,因为with +名词的短语,我们可以与as+从句进行互换,因为“with”和“as”都是“随着”的意思,所以这个短语可以换成“as the science and technology develops”,这样的话常用的development我们就可以把它动词化了。

或者,可以将名词换形容词,比如说:developing就可以当做形容词,指“发展当中的”,那这个短语我们就可以写成“with the developing science and technology”.

3、换说法(适合脑子灵活的小仙女/男)
比如说,More and more people: “越来越多人”,这也是个非常高频出现的词组。其实我们可以说成数量越来越多的人,比如说:an increasing number of people, people in growing number 或者说there are people in growing number ....等等诸如此类的表达都可以积累下来。

当然了,平时背单词的时候可以注意多看一些同近义词什么的,这样一方面可以提升对词汇的记忆程度,另一方面还能积累一点儿替换词。下面给出一些写作中常用词汇的替换:

1.持某观点 claim ( contendreckon share the belief that )
2.支持某观点 advocate (maintainvote forside with be in favor of )
3.反对某观点 contradict (criticizebe against cast doubts on )
4.合理的 justified ( sensible feasible convincinghold waterbear muchanalysis)
5.好处 advantage (benefit,merit,positive side)
6.弊端 disadvantage( defect,demerit,negative side)
7.肯定 undoubtedly (indeedundeniablythere is no denying that)
8.不确定 be likely to ( potentially presumably)
9.重要的 essential(significant,vital,crucial,critical,fundamental,indispensable)
10.有益的 beneficial (conducive instrumental )
11.有害的 detrimental (harmfulvirulent)
12.有争议的 controversial (disputable,contentious)
13.普遍的 widespread ( prevalent,universal)
14.显著地 considerably(significantly,remarkably,dramatically,tremendously,substantially)
15.明显的 evident (apparent,manifest)

16.增强 enhance (strengthen intensify)
17.减少 decline (descend,collapse,relieve)
18.大约 approximately(nearly,around,estimated,roughly)
19.趋势 trend(tendency,inclination)
20.预见 predict (expect,project)
21.带来 bring about (result in,lead to)
22.引起 create (spark ; yield;; give rise to)
23.建立 establish (found,institute)
24.要求 call for (request,demand)
25.去除 eliminate(remove,eradicate)
26.探讨 explore (examine,identify)
27.描绘 depict (portray,illustrate)
28.后果 consequence( aftermath; outcome)
29.足够 adequate (enough; sufficient)
30.解决 tackle ( resolve,address)

31.意识 awareness(consciousness)
32.控制 curb ( regulate,censor)
33.解释 account for ( be responsible for)
34.投资 finance (invest in,subsidize)
35.缓解 relieve ( ease,alleviate)
36.压力 stress ( pressure,strain)
37.和谐 harmony ( concordance)
38.继承 inherit (hand down)
39.培养 cultivate (train,foster)
40.促进 promote ( contribute to,upgrade)
41.适应 adapt to (adjust to,acclimate to)
42.提供 provide (render,afford)
43.替代 replace (substitute,take the place of)
44.保护 preserve (protect)
45.证据 evidence (proof)
46.赢得 gain (acquire,attain)
47.国外的 foreign( alien,exotic)
48.灾难 disaster (misfortune,catastrophe)
49.发展 advance (progress)
50.倾向于 tend to ( be inclined to,be apt to)
51.吸引 attract (allure,tempt)
52.专注的 be absorbed in(be immersed in,devote oneself to)
53.目的是aim at ( The purpose is )
54.实现 achieve (fulfill,implement)
55.危害 endanger ( threaten; jeopardize)
56.损害 undermine (impair,damage)
57.阻碍 hinder (obstruct,impede)
58.禁止 forbid (ban,prohibit)
59.责备 blame( denounce,criticize)
60.污染 pollute (contaminate,stain)

61.腐蚀 erode(wear away,corrode)
62.欺骗 deceive (cheat,defraud)
63.冲突 conflict ( shock,tension)
64.驱使 prompt (spur,incite)
65.贪婪的 acquisitive(money-oriented,materialistic)
66.自私的 self-centered (selfish,inconsiderate)
67.体谅的 considerate (understanding,sympathetic)
68.冷漠的 indifferent (apathetic,aloof)
69.奢侈的 wasteful (luxurious,extravagant)
70.残忍的 inhumane(brutal,barbaric)
71.绝望的 hopeless(despairing,desperate)
72.过分的 excessive (extravagant,exorbitant)
73.激烈的 intense (fierce,vigorous)
74.严厉的 stringent (rigorous,rigid)
75.奇怪的 eccentric (odd,peculiar)
76.难以置信的 unbelievable(incredulous,virtual)
77.惊人的 extraordinary (marvelous,spectacular)
78.有抱负的 ambitious(aggressive,aspirant)
79.固有的 inherent(nature,innate)
80.稳定的 steady (stable,constant)

81.恶化 worsen (aggravate,deteriorate)
82.夸大 exaggerate ( overstate)
83.限制 restrain (constrain,confine)
84.拆除 tear down(knock down,pull down)
85.加速 accelerate (speed up,precipitate)
86.占优势 predominate (dominate)
87.分辨 distinguish (differentiate,discern)
88.抵消 counteract (offset,cancel out)
89.开展 launch (conduct,carry out)
90.颁布 enact (enforce,promulgate )
91.生活节奏 pace of life(rhythm of life,tempo of life)
92.影响 influence(effect,impact)
93.差异 difference (distinction,gap)
94.交流 communicate(exchange,associate)
95.接触 have access to (make contact with,keep in touch with)
96.优先 give priority to (put…into first place)
97.节约 economize ( conserve,cherish)
98.参与 participate in ( take part in,engage in)
99.措施 measure (step,action)
100.注意 beware ( prevent,guard against)

希望上述对你写作有启发哦,愿你在考试中取得好成绩!
 

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