独立写作中每段涉及的表达

所属专题:托福写作备考全集合  来源:TOEFL托福备考    要点:独立文章中的表达  
编辑点评: 托福独立作文中判断类和选择类写作,各段落所涉及的表达。大家可以应用这些来练习着写几篇,写完后找出自己薄弱的地方加紧复习哦!下面一起来看看吧!

一、判断类

1、引出
As is often the case,
Under many circumstances, / In contemporary society,
+X/ the issue of X
/@ is much concerned to a point where a wide discussion has been aroused.
/@ is much concerned at such a degree that a wide discussion has been aroused.
/@ is much/ widely discussed to a point where a deep contemplation has been aroused.

2、争论部分
Some people maintain/ hold that it is …that…
A few people hold the opinion that…
One point is that…
One perspective is that…
One conventional idea/ acceptance / view / notion is that…
A common belief is that…
A prevailing notion/ acceptance is that…

3、表示程度词汇
to large extent,…
at large degree,…
on large scale,

4、表示态度
I agree with this opinion.
I am on the side of this claim / assumption / assertion
I stand with this claim.
I would nod in agreement with this claim.
I lean toward this claim.
I disagree with this opinion.
I am on the opposite side of this claim.
I stand against this claim.
I would cast doubt on this claim.
I would frown on this claim.
To large extent, I am on the side of this claim.
To large extent, I am on the opposite side of this claim.

二、选择类

Currently, the issue of X is much concerned to a point where a wide discussion has been aroused.

1、争论
People—personalities + values
People varying in personalities as well as values tend to look at / observe the same thing / matter/ phenomenon from diversified perspectives.
+Some people maintain that A is (more) optimum, while others hold that B is (more) sagacious.

2、基本思路框架内涉及的表达
I reckon that it is A / B that makes more sense.

(1)让步Concede:客观性—题目观点有点道理
To begin with, I have to concede that…
To begin with, I have to admit that…
To begin with, it is undisputable that…
First of all, I have to concede that X, at some / certain degree, is/ can…

限制级让步—避免喧宾夺主
…, to some / certain extent,…
…, at some/ certain degree,…
…, on some/ specific occasions,….
…, in particular / certain cases, …
…, under some / particular circumstances,…
…, theoretically speaking,…
…, in short-terms,…
… is/ can somewhat…
… is/ can relatively…

(2)主旨段1:分析—题目观点/言论谬误

# Nevertheless, X is problematic.
# Nevertheless, the claim is problematic.

驳斥言论>质疑话题
#Nevertheless, X/ the assumption that…is not immune to several defects, (which makes this claim / assertion open to question). /
#Nevertheless, X/ the assumption that… is not immune to several defects, which degrades this claim as problematic / misrepresentative./
#Nevertheless, the assumption that… is also contaminated with several defects/ irrationalities, which degrades this claim as problematic / misrepresentative.

(3)主旨段2: 推理—后果严重,危害巨大
At last, the influence—negative
At last, misleading—destructive consequences/disastrous consequences
At last, the consequences/ misleading of… would be negative / destructive / pernicious.
At last, the consequences/ misleading that … is expected to bring about would turn out to be destructive.

Optional 1: 可行性欠佳@ not feasible
feasible = viable
--It is not feasible
the feasibility of … is open to question.
--It is not viable
the viability of… is open to question.
The feasibility/ viability of … is vulnerable to any question or challenge.
… can hardly be converted from blueprint into reality.
… can merely rest on the blueprint.

Optional 2: 效用差@ ineffective
X is awkward in serving as a key to….
This proposal / solution/ approach/ X is awkward in serving as a key to….

Optional 3: 当A>B时,支持弱者@ B is also significant
B is of great significance for …
Great significance for…is closely attached to B

Optional 4:当题目中X is the …est,质疑“最”@ X is not the …est.
There is no point to claim that X serves as the best/ ultimate/ the most approved solution / definition.

Optional 5:因果关系不合理@ No direct relation between A and B
This claim suffers from a fallacy of causal oversimplification.
This assumption/ assertion fails to establish a causal relation between A and B.

最后:
To sum up,+ Position. +What is more, it is essential for us to …. /…it is time for us to… /…it is imperative for us to…
All in all, there is no point to claim/ assume/ assert that….
before offering any proposal. / What is more, it is essential for us to have circumspection before drawing any conclusion.

希望上述对你有写作有帮助哦!
 

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