中国学生常见标点符号错误(二)

所属专题:托福写作备考全集合  来源:每日托福    要点:标点符号错误  
编辑点评: 英文写作中离不开标点符号,今天小编和大家说说中国学生在托福考试写作中常见的标点符号运用错误,希望对你有帮助,愿你在考试中取得好成绩哦!

在大学英语写作中,与语法知识有关的标点错误主要有:

(1) 把非限制性定语从句(non -restrictive attributive clause) 理解成限制性定语从句(restrictive attributive clause) 而忽略用逗点。如:

〔错误〕7. We were led into a nearest fabric shop that was divided into two parts.

从句意来看,上句是一个非限制性定语从句,故应在shop 后加逗点,把that 相应改成which 即:

〔修改〕7. We were led into a nearest fabric shop , which was divided into two parts.

(2) 不论状语从句在整个句子中处于何种位置,一概以逗点隔开。

〔错误〕8. We will go there , if it is fine tomorrow.

状语从句可置于句首或句末。置于句首时,一般要用标点隔开;而置于句末时,则无需与主句隔开,故 以上句子应改为:

〔修改〕8. If it is fine tomorrow , we will go there. 或We will go there if it is fine tomorrow.

(3) 在疑问句形式的陈述句后使用问号。

〔错误〕9. What fun we girls could expect , to stay in the same class , studying for four long years with them ?I wondered.

〔修改〕9. What fun could we girls expect , to stay in the same class , studying for four long years with them , I wondered.

英语疑问除可用问号来表达外,尚可用词序加以表达。故上例的疑问可用逗点表示。

(4) 误把however ,therefore , because , thus 等起联系作用的副词当成并列连词,导致写作中的逗号粘连(comma splice) 错误。

〔错误〕10. She thought what the teacher pointed out was right , however , she didn’t care for that .

两个完整的句子或两个并列句之间不能一概用逗点点开, 可用句号、分号或在逗点后加并列连词(and , but , or , for , so , nor , yet) 等方法修改。

故上例可改为:

〔修改〕10. She thought what the teacher pointed out was right . However , she didn’t care for that .或She thought what the teacher pointed out was right ; however , she didn’t care for that .或She thought what the teacher pointed out was right , but she didn’t care for that .

(5) 与comma splice 相映成趣的是,许多学生作文时,极少考虑句子间的逻辑关系,一个逗点连首尾,导致大量熔句(fused sentence) 的堆砌。例如:

〔错误〕11. Young men like blue jeans they wear them all the time.

〔修改〕11. Young men like blue jeans ; they wear them all the time.

或Young men like blue jeans. They wear them all the time.

或Young men like blue jeans , and they wear them all the time.

或Young men like blue jeans ; they wear them all the time.

或Since young men like blue jeans , they wear them all the time.

(6) 两个并列的形容词间以and 代替逗点。

〔错误〕12. Through the window , in front of me were large green fields which reminded me of the small clearing where I spent my lonely and hard childhood.

现代英语表达一般在两个形容词中间不使用and , 而是用逗点分隔。

〔修改〕12. Through the window , in front of me were large green fields which reminded me of the small clearing where I spent my lonely , hard childhood

因语体错位而造成的标点错误。英文写作是一种书面语的输出。其书面语体的特征要求其与口头语相区别。口语中存在的大量缩约 (contraction) 在书面语体中应尽量避免。而许多学生在书面作文中大量使用省字号(’),几乎1/ 3 左右的作文在文体上存在漏洞,现代英语的发展对此却难以容忍。如:

1. I’d like to share my joys with you. ( I would like to)

2. You can’t behave like that . (You cannot)

3. There’re so many splendid toys for me to select . (There are)

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