关于GMAT® 考试

所属专题:GMAT考试时间  来源:Graduate Management Admission Council®    要点:GMAT® 考试简介  
编辑点评: GMAT® 考试全称是Graduate Management Admission Test,叫做管理类研究生入学考试。作为深受全球 6,000 多个商科管理项目认可的一门考试,60 年来,GMAT 考试一直是世界各地商界领导人攻读全球顶级商学院的入学考试,究其原因在于 GMAT 考试的有效性和可信度高。

GMAT® 考试全称是Graduate Management Admission Test,叫做管理类研究生入学考试。作为深受全球6,000 多个商科管理项目认可的一门考试,60 年来,GMAT 考试一直是世界各地商界领导人攻读全球顶级商学院的入学考试,究其原因在于GMAT 考试的有效性和可信度高。

简单说来,其他考试都无法充分展现您在商学院学习以及在未来工作中需具备的最重要的能力。

GMAT®考试结构和时间安排

考试当日,您有3小时30分钟的时间去完成GMAT考试的四个组成部分:分析性写作、综合推理、定量推理和文本逻辑推理。

您的GMAT成绩取决于多个因素,包括您回答的试题数量、回答是否正确、试题难度,以及每个试题的其他统计特性。

GMAT 考试结构

题目数量

题目类型

考试时间

分析性写作

1 篇

论证分析写作

30 分钟

综合推理

12 题

图表解读
二段式分析
表格分析
多源推理

30 分钟

定量推理

37 题

问题求解

数据充分性分析

75 分钟

文本逻辑推理

41 题

阅读理解
批判性推理
句子改错

75 分钟

考试时长

   

3小时30分钟

分析性写作部分(AWA)

分析性写作(AWA) 是要考核您的辩证思维能力和表达观点能力。你要基于一项给定的论证,分析论证背后的推理和假设,然后对该论证的有效性进行批判性评价。

您的论证分析将会由来自各院校不同专业领域的教职人员评估,他们将会就构思和写作的整体质量进行评价。

小贴士

  • 开始写作前,先分析题目并想好如何作答
  • 整理好思路,充分展开
  • 提供相关的论据和例子

说明

本部分将要求您针对所提供的论证进行批判性评价。您不需要就话题给出自己的观点。

例题

The following appeared in the editorial section of a monthly business news magazine: 

"Most companies would agree that as the risk of physical injury occurring on the job increases, the wages paid to employees should also increase. Hence it makes financial sense for employers to make the workplace safer: they could thus reduce their payroll expenses and save money." 

Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. 

You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion. 

答案

The following is an actual AWA essay that received the highest rating: 

This argument states that it makes financial sense for employers to make the workplace safer because by making the workplace safer then lower wages could be paid to employees. This conclusion is based on the premise that as the list of physical injury increases, the wages paid to employees should also increase.

However, there are several assumptions that may not necessarily apply to this argument. For example, the costs associated with making the workplace safe must outweigh the increased payroll expenses due to hazardous conditions. Also, one must look at the plausibility of improving the work environment. And finally, because most companies agree that as the risk of injury increases so will wages doesn't necessarily mean that all companies which have hazardous work environments agree. 

The first issue to be addressed is whether increased labor costs justify large capital expenditures to improve the work environment. Clearly one could argue that if making the workplace safe would cost an exorbitant amount of money in comparison to leaving the workplace as is and paying slightly increased wages than it would not make sense to improve the work environment. For example, if making the workplace safe would cost $100 million versus additional payroll expenses of only $5,000 per year, it would make financial sense to simply pay the increased wages. No business or business owner with any sense would pay all that extra money just to save a couple dollars and improve employee health and relations. To consider this, a cost benefit analysis must be made. I also feel that although a cost benefit analysis should be the determining factor with regard to these decisions making financial sense, it may not be the determining factor with regard to making social, moral and ethical sense. 

This argument also relies on the idea that companies solely use financial sense in analyzing improving the work environment. This is not the case. Companies look at other considerations such as the negative social ramifications of high on-job injuries. For example, Toyota spends large amounts of money improving its environment because while its goal is to be profitable, it also prides itself on high employee morale and an almost perfectly safe work environment. However, Toyota finds that it can do both, as by improving employee health and employee relations they are guaranteed a more motivated staff, and hence a more efficient staff; this guarantees more money for the business as well as more safety for the employees.

Finally one must understand that not all work environments can be made safer. For example, in the case of coal mining, a company only has limited ways of making the work environment safe. While companies may be able to ensure some safety precautions, they may not be able to provide all the safety measures necessary. In other words, a mining company has limited ability to control the air quality within a coal mine and therefore it cannot control the risk of employees getting blacklung. In other words, regardless of the intent of the company, some jobs are simply dangerous in nature. 

In conclusion, while at first it may seem to make financial sense to improve the safety of the work environment sometimes it truly does not make financial sense. Furthermore, financial sense may not be the only issue a company faces. Other types of analyses must be made such as the social ramifications of an unsafe work environment and the overall ability of a company to improve that environment (i.e., coal mine). Before any decision is made, all these things must be considered, not simply the reduction of payroll expenses.

>>点击查看GMAT考试时间专题,阅读更多相关文章!

最新2022GMAT® 考试简介信息由沪江留学网提供。

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,建议采纳后可获得50沪元。

错误的描述:

修改的建议: