GRE作文资料:分析方式

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编辑点评: GRE作文是美国所有作文考试质量要求较高的,改革后的GRE考试在写作上要求更具体一些。我们在GRE写作的时候,平时也要注意大量素材的积累,小编为大家整理了GRE作文备考资料大集合。

GRE作文是美国所有作文考试质量要求较高的,改革后的GRE考试在写作上要求更具体一些。我们在GRE写作的时候,平时也要注意大量素材的积累,以下是GRE作文备考资料大集合。

一、演绎推理论证法

将一个具体的事例运用到一个一般性原则从而得出结论。

论点:Demand for this product wii go up。

论据:The price of the product is sliding.

推理依据:Whenever prices of a product go down , demand for it rises.

(说明:由论据“the price of the product is sliding ”推出论点“Demand for this product will go up”,这个过程是否有效取决于推理依据“whenever prices of a product go down , demand for it rises”是否成立。下面每一种论证方法都是如此)

二、定义法

界定一个概念的关键内涵;或者认定某个事物符合某个定义,从而得出结论。例如:

论点:Radical feminists are not good citizens.

论据:Radical feminists lack family values.

推理依据:Family values characterize the good citizes.

三、因果关系论证法

将一个判断放入一个因果关系中,指出它或者是原因,或者是结果。例如:

论点:The internet may be causing depression.

论据:When a group of people increased their use of the Internet , they felt depressed.

推理依据:There are no other reasons for the group's depression.

四、归纳推理论证法

从若干个具体事例中推出共性的一般结论。如:

论点:Everyone likes the movie.

论据:I know three people who like the movie.

推理依据:Three eaxmples are enough.

五、列举特征式论证法

指出某事物发生或者生存的征候或者迹象。例如:

论点:The child has chickenpox.

论据:The child has red spots.

推理依据:These spots are signs of chickenpox.

六、类比论证法

用我们已知的、熟悉的事物同未知的。不熟悉的事物加以比较,并用前者的情况解释者 的情况。分为三种:纵向类比(过去的事物同现在的、同一类事物的类比)、横向类比(同一 时期、同一事物之间的类比)、比喻式类比(不同类别事物之间的类比)。例如:

1.纵向类比(Historical analogy)

论点:Many people will die of SARS.

论据:Many people died of the Black Death.

推理依据:SARS and Black Death are similar.

2.横向类比(Literal analogy)

论点:China should have its fighter carriers.

论据:A neighboring country has a powerful carrier fleet.

推理依据:The two countries are similar enough to draw such a comparison.

3.比喻式类比(Metaphorical analogy)

论点:Reading a difficult book should take time.

论据:Digesting a large metal takes time.

推理依据:Reading and eating are sufficiently alike to be compared.

七、引用权威论证法

引用公认的权威,或者论证自己就是权威从而对自己的观点加以论证。例如:

论点:China's economy will grow 8 poercent this year.

论据:Professors and scientists say so.

推理依据:These experts are reliable.

八、诉诸尝试法

利用人们的常识【包括:普遍的价值观念、人的普遍动机、生活常识】进行论证。例如:

1.诉诸普遍性的价值观念。

论点:The university curriculum should be multicultural.

论据:A multicultural curriculum will contribute to equality and acceptance.

推理依据:You value equality and acceptance.

2.诉诸普遍动机

论点:You should support this candidate premier.

论据:The candidate can help you get job security and safe neighbourhoods.

推理依据:You want job security and safe neighbourhoods.

3.诉诸生活常识

论点:She was very kind to me.

论据:She treated me with the best tea she had.

推理依据:A treatment with the best tea is an expression of kindness.

九、反证法

假设一个观点是正确的,然后却推导出荒谬的结论。例如:

论点:An industrious man must also be thrifty.

论据:With only industry but without thrift ,the person will end uo bankrupt.

推理依据:An industrious person ending up bankrupt sounds absurd.

十、统计数据论证法

提供数据,以资论证。例如:

论点:We should end the current poverty-relief program.

论据:It costs $45 million per year.

推理依据:This is too much;it proves we should end it.

只是一个详细的结构上的分析说明,在具体运用时,我们经常讲推理依据和论据放在了一起,但只要合理即可。论据可以自己编造,也可以是大众的例子,关键在于自己怎么样建立论点和论据之间的桥梁。上面的这些技巧,可能我们只用到某种或某几种,但我们必须得会至少一种。

以上内容是小编为大家分享的GRE作文备考资料,希望考生能认真阅读,对GRE作文备考有所帮助!希望大家能写出好作文!

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