词汇天天练:United Kingdom 区别Great Britain

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What is the difference between United Kingdom, Great Britain and the British Isles?

United Kingdom, Great Britain the British Isles有什么区别?

United Kingdom  [jʊ'naɪtɪd] ['kɪŋdəm] 

Great Britain   [greɪt] ['brɪt(ə)n]

British Isles  ['brɪtɪʃ] [aɪls]

This is a common doubt some people have, especially if you are not from that part of the world.

有些一直分不清这三个名字的区别,尤其是大不列颠半岛地区之外的人。

Here is a simple explanation:

以下是对这三个词的简单的解释:

 

Great Britain

大不列颠

Great Britain refers to the island that consists of England, Scotland and Wales. It is the largest island in Europe and the 9th largest in the world. It does not include the smaller islands that are near it.

Great Britain包括英格兰、苏格兰和威尔士。它是欧洲第一大岛,也是世界第9大岛。它不包括周围的小岛屿。

United Kingdom

英国

United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the UK, consists of England, Scotland and Wales (Britain) as well as Northern Ireland. It also includes the many islands that are near Great Britain. Officially it is called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

United Kingdom,也就是UK,包括英格兰组成,苏格兰和威尔士(英国)以及北爱尔兰,也包括大不列颠周围的许多小岛屿。官方名称为:United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland(大不列颠和北爱尔兰联合王国)。

Ireland

爱尔兰

Ireland is an island that contains the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The island is to the west of Great Britain. You will notice that Northern Ireland is considered both a part of Ireland (the island, not the state) as well as a part of the United Kingdom.

爱尔兰是一个小岛,包括爱尔兰共和国和北爱尔兰。该岛位于大不列颠西部。你会发现北爱尔兰是爱尔兰的一部分,同时也是英国的一部分。

Crown Dependencies

英国皇家属地

These are three self-governing possessions of the Crown which include the Isle of Man (between Britain and Ireland) Guernsey and Jersey (off the coast of France). Being independently administered jurisdictions, they are not considered a part of the United Kingdom.

这是三大属于皇家自治的地区,包括马恩岛、根西岛和泽西岛。它们是独立自治的管辖区,不属于英国。

British Isles

不列颠群岛

This is the group of islands north-west of continental Europe and consists of Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales), Ireland (Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland) as the Crown dependencies (Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey)

这些群岛位于欧洲大陆的西北方,包括大不列颠、爱尔兰和英国皇家属地。

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