雅思写作范文:交通堵塞为哪般?

所属专题:雅思考试  来源:沪江留学网    要点:雅思写作范文  
编辑点评: 现代社会和城市的发展是雅思写作话题的一大来源,近期也逐渐成为高频话题。本次给大家送上一篇跟城市生活(urban life)息息相关的话题范文,探讨一下城市交通窘境的成因和解决方案。

Eileen老师(叫我小艾~):

介 绍:沪江网校留学方向资深讲师。因其轻松活泼寓教于乐的授课风格,被数万网校托雅学员亲切地称为小艾老师。毕业于中国外语第一学府——北京外国语大学,英语语言文学硕士,毕业后一直钻研于英语教学,具有非常丰富的托福雅思授课经验,主讲听力和写作,帮助很多学员在托福和雅思的考试中取得优秀的成绩,顺利留学海外。

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现代社会和城市的发展是雅思写作话题的一大来源,近期也逐渐成为高频话题。

本次给大家送上一篇跟城市生活(urban life)息息相关的话题范文,探讨一下城市交通窘境的成因和解决方案。

【题目】

In most cities and towns, the high volume of road traffic has become a serious problem.
What are the causes of this situation?
What actions can be taken to solve the problem?

城市交通拥堵的问题与大家的生活密切相关,茶余饭后也时常拿出来作为一大谈资。但在雅思作文中,如何把各种观点思路理顺,清晰地在文章中体现出来,却没有聊天扯皮那么容易啦!

想想看,如果现在让你口头论述,你能说明白个一二三不?

【范文】

(1) With the ever-increasing speed of urban development, the volume of road traffic in most cities and towns has grown out of control. During the rush hour, buses and private cars are always trapped in the traffic congestion where people waste hours every day just because of the poor road condition. This essay will explore the causes of this situation and some possible actions that can be taken to solve this problem.

(2) To start with, the increasing number of private cars is the main cause of traffic jams. With the fast development of social economy, more citizens are able to afford private cars, which bring them great convenience. Instead of taking the sardine-packed buses or the metro to work, people now have the option to commute in their own cars. However, this new trend inevitably worsens the traffic. 

(3) Another major cause of the high traffic volume is the over-population in large cities. Offering much more job opportunities with better career development, metropolises such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou have attracted millions of people from other parts of the country. Unfortunately, the public transportation systems in the cities are comparatively under-developed and cannot support the booming population, which naturally results in the traffic problem.

(4) In order to alleviate the pressure on road traffic in towns and cities, the following suggestions should be taken into consideration. First of all, the government can discourage the citizens from owing and driving private cars by charging higher fees. In the meantime, the public transportation system should be upgraded so as to increase the total capacity. Moreover, the government can encourage the citizens to take buses or the metro to work by lowering the ticket prices.

(5) In conclusion, the over-crowding of city roads is the result of unbalanced urban development, which can be solved with the joint efforts of both the government and the average citizens.

【解析】

本题为典型的“因果解决类”(cause/effect & solution)题目,通常要求考生讨论某问题的原因、结果、解决方案等问题。

许多同学对此类文章的结构安排存有疑惑,不知该写几个主体段,每段该写什么内容。事实上,比较容易掌握的写法是:有几个问题就写几段,每段回答一个问题。

当然,对某些题目来说,如果你对某个问题想说的比较多,也可以用两段来解决这个问题,另一个问题写一段即可。比如范文中就采用这种写法:

(1) 总起。

(2) 原因A:私家车(private cars)数量激增。

(3) 原因B:城市人口越来越密集,而公共交通落后。

(4) 解决方案 1、2、3。

(5) 总结。

另外,与城市交通相关的词汇你了解多少?Eileen老师在范文中“偷藏”了不少一般同学很少使用、但却非常实用的词汇,快来找一找吧~~

往期范文回顾:

【雅思写作范文】社会发展靠神马?>>>

【雅思写作范文】政府应该为艺术买单?>>>  

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