15天搞定雅思写作 Task 1 -Day 2 Describing an IELTS Pie Chart

所属专题:雅思考试  来源:沪江网    要点:雅思写作攻略  
编辑点评: 15天搞定雅思写作不是梦,跟着沪江坚持15天,一起见证奇迹吧!

【跟着沪江走,高分在招手】·【雅思备考·写作篇】

描述饼状图

废话不多说,让我们通过一个实际的例子来学习正确的写作思路吧!
在进入讲解之前,先看一下题卡,并思考下面的问题。

                      You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The pie charts show the main reasons for migration to and from the UK in 2007.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.


1. 看完图表后你想怎样安排行文结构,怎么安排才能得高分?

写一段出境移民在写一段入境移民的好,还是将饼图中所提及的移民原因在一段里写清楚的好?当然是第二种写作结构最适合表格描述题的啦!因为表格存在的目的就是为了对比信息,所以写作的目的也是要突出这一特点。

2:就这道题而言用过去式比较好还是一般现在时?

很多烤鸭都有这个疑问,认为在陈述一件事实理所当然用一般现在时,千万不能这么想哦!因为这篇表格讲的是2007年的数据对比情况所以一定要用一般过去时

3:在描述的波动的时候可以用increases 和decreases这两个词吗?

当然不可以啦!表格的内容并没有改变,因为他们是同一年里发生的不同事情,千万不能乱对比!

好啦~带着这些问题来看看标准李例文吧!

The pie charts illustrate the primary reasons that people came to and left the UK in 2007. At first glance it is clear that the main factor influencing this decision was employment.
Having a definite job accounted for 30 per cent of immigration to the UK, and this figure was very similar for emigration, at 29%. A large number of people, 22%, also emigrated because they were looking for a job, though the proportion of people entering the UK for this purpose was noticeably lower at less than a fifth. 
Another major factor influencing a move to the UK was for formal study, with over a quarter of people immigrating for this reason. However, interestingly, only a small minority, 4%, left for this.
The proportions of those moving to join a family member were quite similar for immigration and emigration, at 15% and 13% respectively. Although a significant number of people (32%) gave ‘other’ reasons or did not give a reason why they emigrated, this accounted for only 17% with regards to immigration.

了解行文思路和正确的行文规范,我们就来总结一下吧!

重要的数据最先写

这一点很重要,就像你在例文中看到的那样,比例大的几项:definite job, looking for work都是最先表述清楚的,在重要信息和次要信息之间可以用other这样的词语来做连接,着这部分,other后面跟的都是次要信息都可以放到后面再说。

思路要清晰

这部分的写作特点就是一定要清晰,让读者读完后在脑中有清晰的脉络。就像之前讲过的,这部分最有效的写作方式就是把图表内容分类一起比较,集中比较区同点,不要单独写一个类别的情况。

用词多变化

请看文中对于同样的意群的不同表达:
A large number of people,over a quarter of people,a small minority,A significant number of people,less than a fifth
这些短语都在形容proportion ,percentage 。如果只用"the proportion of…" or "the percentage of…"就会让考官觉得你的英语能力十分有限。

附录是常用比例表达~记得多练习哦!

上期文章:15天搞定雅思写作 Task 1 -Day 1 Describing a Graph Over Time

下期文章:15天搞定雅思写作 Task 1 -Day 3 IELTS Process Diagram

 

小编顶着巨大压力整理了这几个酷炫狂拽省钱专题,看完根本不用再报班了好吗~~~还不赶快戳图!!!

             

             

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