16天搞定雅思写作 Task 2 -Day 2 Identify the Task

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【跟着沪江走,高分在招手】·【雅思备考·写作篇】

在雅思写作中,一旦确定了topic,接下来就要确定写作的task。

Task会告诉你应该怎样回答题目中的问题。

在分析题目时,task是很重要的一部分。因为写作成绩的25%是基于“Task Response”。

How do I identify the task?

你是否回答了题目中的问题,考官会评价你的“Task Respond”的标准,答案不全面会影响你这部分的分数。

我们来看一下在上一篇中用到的例子。

The crime rate among teenagers has increased dramatically in many countries.

Discuss some possible reasons for this increase and suggest solutions.

在上一篇中,我们确定了topic是‘teenage crime’。

Task(what you have to do)通常出现在题目的结尾处。

在这一题中,你需要做的是‘Discuss some possible reasons for this increase and suggest solutions’。

这在雅思作文task2中很常见,题目通常会对你的作文所包含的内容作出要求。

这一题要求你的作文包含两方面内容:

1. Why teenage crime has increased

2. Ways to solve this problem

 你要在作文中讨论这两个问题,而且这两个问题的篇幅应该是差不多的。

写作时注意以下几点,这几点会拉低你的分数:

1. 只写reasons或solutions;

2. 提到reasons的篇幅和提到solutions的篇幅差距太大;

3. 作文中既没有reasons也没有solutions。

所以审题尤其重要,要确定作文所包含的内容。

A Common Mistake

考生通常会犯一个错误,那就是一开始就急于完成,以至于写作的内容不当。

但如果你先确定了写作内容,接下来就会组织好你的语言。可能你会想出几个犯罪率上升的原因,如'lack of parental supervision'‘boredom’等等。

但如果你写‘more young people being put in prison'或是 ‘stress for their parents',就不对了。因为这些是problems而不是reasons。

Other Question Types

上一题目非常简单,很容易确定作文所写内容。

但在考试中会遇到一些比较难的题目。

大家看下面的例子:

Advances in technology and automation have reduced the need for manual labour. Therefore, working hours should be reduced.

To what extent do you agree?

同样,我们要看题目结尾处的要求。

首先要表达是否同意'working hours should be reduced'或是‘ automation (machines) takes over from some human’s duties’。同时还要说明‘how much you agree or disagree ’("to what extent")。

如果你想表达观点的两面性,那么就要列出同意的理由以及不同意的理由。换句话说,你的文章要包含两部分:

1. The advantages of reducing working hours

2. The disadvantages of reducing working hours

而且在开头和结尾时要表明自己的观点。

Identify the Task - Practice

下面我们就来做一些练习吧!

Pick the one that you think best describes what you would write about in order to fully answer all parts of the question.

1. The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world cities can be attributed directly to the rapidly increasing number of private cars in use. In order to reverse this decline in the quality of life in cities, attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less and public transport more. Discuss possible ways to encourage the use of public transport.

A. Why people have been using cars more and public transport less

B. How to get people to use public transport more

C. The causes of increasing congestion and air pollution.

2. Do the benefits of study abroad justify the difficulties? What advice would you offer to a prospective student?

A. (a) A discussion of the benefits versus the challenges of studying abroad (b) Strategies to cope with studying abroad

B. (a) The benefits of study abroad

C. (a) The benefits of study abroad (b) the difficulties of studying abroad

3. Fresh water has always been a limited resource in some parts of the world. Today, however, growing worldwide demand has made this a global problem. What are the causes of the increased demand and what measure could governments and individuals take to respond to this problem?

A. (a) The problems with using too much water (b) Government solutions (c) Individual solutions

B. How (a) Governments and (b) Individuals can solve water shortage problems.

C. (a) Reasons for increased demand for water (b)Government solutions (c) Individual solutions

4. As global trade increases, many goods including those we use on a daily basis are produced in other countries and transported long distances. Do the benefits of the trend outweigh the drawback?

A. (a) The benefits of this (b) The disadvantages of this (c)Your opinion on whether it is more beneficial or not

B. (a) The benefits of this (b) Your opinion on whether is is more beneficial or not

C. (a) The disadvantages of this (b) Your opinion on whether it is more beneficial or not

5. Some people feel that animals should have the same rights as humans, but others think they are not as equal or intelligent as us so should not have the same rights. Discuss both opinions and give your opinion.

A. (a) The arguments for giving animals rights (b) The arguments against this

B. (a) Arguments for having animal rights (b) The arguments against this (c) Your opinion

C. (a) The reasons why animals are not as equal or intelligent as humans

6. Currently there is a trend towards the use of alternative forms of medicine. However, at best these methods are ineffective, and at worst they may be dangerous. To what extent do you agree with this statement?

A. (a) How alternative medicine differs from Conventional medicine

B. (a) The dangers of alternative medicine

C. (a) The benefits of alternative medicine (b) The drawbacks of alternative medicine (c) Your opinion

7. Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Identify one or two serious ones and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.

A. (a) Problems of overpopulation in urban areas (b)Government solutions (c) Individual solutions

B. (a) The problems of overpopulation (b) The solutions

C. (a) How governments can tackle urban overpopulation (b)How individuals can tackle urban overpopulation.

8. Computers should never have been invented. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

A. (a) The reasons why computers were invented (b) The benefits of computers (c) Your opinion.

B. (a) The problems with computers (b) Solutions to these problems.

C. (a) The benefits of computers (b) The drawbacks of computers (c) Your opinion

9. Unemployment has become an increasing problem in the recent past. What factors contribute to an increase in unemployment and what steps can be taken to solve the problem?

A. (a) The causes of increasing unemployment (b) How to solve this problem

B. (a) The problems with increasing unemployment (b) How to solve this problem.

C. (a) The reasons why unemployment is increasing.

10. Some people think that young children should be allowed to do paid work, while others think that this should be illegal. Discuss both opinions and give your opinion.

A. (a) The advantages of allowing children to do paid work (b)Your opinion.

B. (a) The advantages of allowing children to do paid work (b)The disadvantages this (c) Your opinion.

C. (a) The problems of allowing children to do paid work (b)The benefits of allowing them to do paid work.

答案请戳:15天搞定雅思写作 Task 2 -Day 2 Identify the Task 【练习答案】

上期文章:15天搞定雅思写作 Task 2 -Day 1 Identify the Topic

下期文章:15天搞定雅思写作 Task 2 -Day 3 Brainstorming and Planning

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  • 雅思写作:备考的六个关键点

    “不抄”即不要抄袭范文;“不背”即不要死记硬背套句;“不译”即不要逐字逐句进行汉译英;“我思故我写”,即用自己的头脑去思考问题,用自己的语言去表述自己的观点。

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