conservative /kənˈsɜːvətɪv/ CET4 TEM4 ( conservatives )
ADJ Someone who is conservative has views that are toward the political right. In the U.S. the Republicans are more conservative than the Democrats, who are more liberal. 持政治右倾观点的
...counties whose citizens invariably support the most conservative candidatein any election.
mollify /ˈmɒlɪˌfaɪ/ TEM8 (mollifying, mollified, mollifies )
V-T If you mollify someone,you do or say something to make them less upset or angry. 安抚; 平息 [正式]
The investigation was undertaken primarily to mollify pressure groups.
inflamed /ɪnˈfleɪmd/ TEM8
ADJ If part of your body isinflamed, it is red or swollen, usually as a result of an infection, injury, orillness. 红肿的; 发炎的
Symptoms include red, itchy and inflamed skin.
ADJ If you describe someoneas obdurate, you think that they are being unreasonable in their refusal tochange their decision or opinion. 执拗的; 顽固不化的 [正式]
Parts of the administration may be changing but others have been obdurate defenders of the status quo.
ADJ If you say that someone or something was prescient, you mean that they were able to know or predict what was going to happen in the future. 预知的; 先知的; 预见性的 [正式]
...an eerily prescient comedy about a populist multimillionaire political candidate.
elite /ɪˈliːt, eɪ-/ CET6 TEM8 ( elites )
N-COUNT You can refer to themost powerful, rich, or talented people within a particular group, place, orsociety as the elite. 精英
...a government comprisedmainly of the elite.
latitude /ˈlætɪˌtjuːd/ CET6 TEM4 ( latitudes )
N-VAR The latitude of a place is its distance from the equator.纬度
In the middle to high latitudes rainfall has risen steadily over thelast 20-30 years.
compilation /ˌkɒmpɪˈleɪʃən/ ( compilations )
N-COUNT A compilation is abook, CD, or programme that contains many different items that have been gathered together, usually ones which have already appeared in other places. 汇编; 合集
His latest CD is a compilation of his jazz works over the past decade.
commemorate /kəˈmɛməˌreɪt/ CET6 TEM4 ( commemorating, commemorated,commemorates )
V-T To commemorate an important event or person means to remember them by means of a special action,ceremony, or specially created object. 纪念
One room contained a gallery of paintings commemorating great moments in baseball history.
ADJ An uncorroborated statement or claim is not supported by any evidence or information. (声明等)无证据的; 未经证实的 [usu ADJ n]
Uncorroboratedconfessions should no longer be accepted by courts.
ephemeral /ɪˈfɛmərəl/ TEM8
ADJ If you describe something as ephemeral, you mean that it lasts only for a short time. 短暂的; 瞬间的 [正式]
He talked about the country'sephemeral unity being shattered by the defeat.
N-PLURAL If you disapprove of someone's dramatic and exaggerated behaviour, you can describe it ashistrionics. 装腔作势 [表不满]
When I explained everythingto my mom and dad, there were no histrionics.
ADJ Someone who is gregarious enjoys being with other people. 爱社交的
She is such a gregarious and outgoing person.
ADJ Gregarious animals orbirds normally live in large groups. 群居的
Snow geese are very gregarious birds.
taciturn /ˈtæsɪˌtɜːn/ TEM8
ADJ A taciturn person does not say very much and can seem unfriendly. 不爱说话的
A taciturn man, he replied to my questions in monosyllables.
V-T If a situation oractivity is informed by an idea or a quality, that idea or quality is verynoticeable in it. 弥漫 (思想或品质等) [正式]
All great songs are informed by a certain sadness and tension.
N-UNCOUNT If you accuse someone of hubris, you are accusing them of arrogant pride. 傲慢自大; 自恃 [正式]
...a tale of how anhonourable man pursuing honourable goals was afflicted with hubris and led his nation toward catastrophe.
seminal /ˈsɛmɪnəl/ TEM8
ADJ Seminal is used to describe things such as books, works, events, and experiences that have a great influence in a particular field. (在某一领域内) 有重大影响的[正式]
...author of the seminal book "Animal Liberation."
intransigent /ɪnˈtrænsɪdʒənt/ TEM8
ADJ If you describe someone as intransigent, you mean that they refuse to behave differently or to change their attitude to something. 顽固的 [正式]
...Sami's opinionated and intransigent father.
platitude /ˈplætɪˌtjuːd/ (platitudes )
N-COUNT A platitude is a statement that is considered meaningless and boring because it has been made many times before in similar situations. 陈词滥调 [表不满]
Why couldn't he say something vital and original instead of just spouting the sameold platitudes?
ADJ Something that is antithetical to something else is the opposite of it and is unable to exist with it. 对立的 [书面] [usu v-link ADJ 'to'n]
Their priorities are antithetical to those of environmentalists.
ADJ If someone makes anadulatory comment about someone, they praise them and show their admiration forthem. 奉承拍马的[usuADJ n]
N-UNCOUNT Embezzlement is the crime of embezzling money. 挪用公款
He was later charged with embezzlement.
versatile /ˈvɜːsəˌtaɪl/ CET6 TEM4
ADJ If you say that a person is versatile, you approve of them because they have many different skills. 多才多艺的 [表赞许]
He had been one of the game's most versatile athletes.
ADJ A tool, machine, or material that is versatile can be used for many different purposes. 用途广泛的
Never before has computing been so versatile.
staple /ˈsteɪpəl/ CET6 TEM4 ( stapling, stapled, staples )
ADJ A staple food, product,or activity is one that is basic and important in people's everyday lives. 基本的; 主要的 (食物、产品、活动) [ADJ n]
Rice is the staple food ofmore than half the world's population.
ingrate /ˈɪnɡreɪt, ɪnˈɡreɪt/
N an ungrateful person 忘恩负义的人
ADJ ungrateful 忘恩负义的
immerse /ɪˈmɜːs/ CET6 TEM8 ( immersing, immersed, immerses )
V-T If you immerse yourself in something that you are doing, you become completely involved in it. 使专心于
Their commitments do not permit them to immerse themselves in current affairs as fully as they might wish.
implicit /ɪmˈplɪsɪt/ CET4 TEM8
ADJ Something that is implicit is expressed in an indirect way. 含蓄的
...animplicit warning to the Moroccans not to continue or repeat the military actions they began a week ago.
V-T If someone doctors something, they change it in order to deceive people. 窜改
They doctored the prints, deepening the lines to make her look as awful as possible.
N-UNCOUNT If you do something with panache, you do it in a confident, stylish, and elegant way. 神气十足; 派头
The orchestra played with great panache.
decry /dɪˈkraɪ/ TEM8 (decrying, decried, decries )
V-T If someone decries anidea or action, they criticize it strongly. (强烈)批评 [正式]
He is impatient with those who decry the plan.
People decried the campaign as a waste of money.
defray /dɪˈfreɪ/ ( defraying,defrayed, defrays )
V-T If you defray someone'scosts or expenses, you give them money which represents the amount that theyhave spent, for example, while they have been doing something for you or actingon your behalf. 支付 [正式]
The government has committedbillions toward defraying the costs of the war.
sneer /snɪə/ CET6+ TEM4 ( sneering, sneered, sneers )
V-T/V-I If you sneer at someone or something, you express your contempt for them by the expression onyour face or by what you say. 嘲笑
Most critics have sneered at the movie, calling it dull and cheaplymade.
ADJ An inert substance is one that does not react with other substances.惰性的 [技术]
...inert gases like neon and argon.
sonorous /səˈnɔːrəs, ˈsɒnərəs/
ADJ A sonorous sound is deep and rich. 洪亮的 [文学性]
"Doctor McKee?" theman called in an even, sonorous voice.
ADJ Something that is soporific makes you feel sleepy. 催眠的 [正式]
...the soporific effect of the alcohol.
exotic /ɪɡˈzɒtɪk/ CET6TEM8
ADJ Something that is exoticis unusual and interesting, usually because it comes from or is related to a distant country. (常因来自遥远的他国而显得) 奇异的
...brilliantly coloured, exotic flowers.
effusive /ɪˈfjuːsɪv/ TEM4
ADJ If you describe someone as effusive, you mean that they express pleasure, gratitude, or approval in avery enthusiastic way. 热情洋溢的; 溢于言表的
He was effusive in his praise for the general.
reticent /ˈrɛtɪsənt/ TEM8
ADJ Someone who is reticent does not tell people about things. 缄默的
She isso reticent about her achievements.
meticulous /mɪˈtɪkjʊləs/ CET6+ TEM8
ADJ If you describe someone as meticulous, you mean that they do things very carefully and with greatattention to detail. 小心谨慎的
He wasso meticulous about everything.
sanguine /ˈsæŋɡwɪn/ TEM8
ADJ If you are sanguine about something, you are cheerful and confident that things will happen in the wayyou want them to. 乐观的; 自信的
He's remarkably sanguine about the problems involved.
nemesis /ˈnɛmɪsɪs/ ( nemeses /ˈnɛmɪˌsiːz/)
N-UNCOUNT The nemesis of aperson or thing is a situation, event, or person which causes them to beseriously harmed, especially as a punishment. 严重惩罚 [oft with poss]
The new mathematics test will become the nemesis of teachers.
V-T If you say that someoneis reduced to doing something, you mean that they have to do it, although it isunpleasant or embarrassing. 迫使[usupassive]
He was reduced to begging for a living.
V-T If something is changed to a different or less complicated form, you can say that it is reduced to that form. 使变成; 使简化为 [usu passive]
All the buildings in the town have been reduced to rubble.
pernicious /pəˈnɪʃəs/ TEM8
ADJ If you describe something as pernicious, you mean that it is very harmful. 极为有害的 [正式]
I did what I could, but hermother's influence was pernicious.
camouflage /ˈkæməˌflɑːʒ/ TEM8 (camouflaging, camouflaged, camouflages )
N-UNCOUNT Camouflage consistsof things such as leaves, branches, or brown and green paint, which are used tomake it difficult for an enemy to see military forces and equipment. (军事) 伪装 [also 'a' N, oft N n]
They were dressed in camouflage and carried automatic rifles.
glut /ɡlʌt/ (glutting, glutted, gluts )
N-COUNT If there is a glut of something, there is so much of it that it cannot all be sold or used. 供应过剩 [usu sing, usu with supp]
Exports have become increasingly important to wineries as they battle a global wine glut.
ADJ If you describe someone as loquacious, you mean that they talk a lot. 喋喋不休的 [正式]
The normally loquacious Mr. O'Reilly has said little.
ADJ Refractory people are difficult to deal with or control, usually because they are unwilling to obeyorders. 难驾驭的; 不服管束的 [正式][usu ADJ n]
...refractory priests who refused to side with the king.