juxtaposition /ˌdʒʌkstəpəˈzɪʃən/ ( juxtapositions )
N-VAR The juxtaposition oftwo contrasting objects, images, or ideas is the fact that they are placedtogether or described together, so that the differences between them areemphasized. 并列 [正式]
This juxtaposition of brutal reality and lyrical beauty run sthrough Park's stories.
inequity /ɪnˈɛkwɪtɪ/ (inequities )
N-VAR If you refer to the inequity of something, it lacks balance or fairness. 不平衡; 不公平 [正式]
Social imbalance worries him more than inequity of income.
disparity /dɪˈspærɪtɪ/ TEM8 ( disparities )
N-VAR If there is a disparity between two or more things, there is a noticeable difference between them. 明显差异 [正式]
...thehealth disparities between ethnic and socio-economic groups in the U.S.
ADJ You use modest to describe something such as an amount, rate, or improvement which is fairlysmall. (数量、比率或改进幅度等) 较小的
Unemployment rose to thestill modest rate of 0.7%.
abdicate /ˈæbdɪˌkeɪt/ TEM8 (abdicating, abdicated, abdicates )
1. V-I If a king or queenabdicates, he or she gives up being king or queen. 退位
The last French king wasLouis Philippe, who abdicated in 1848.
2. V-T If you say that someone has abdicated responsibility for something, you disapprove of thembecause they have refused to accept responsibility for it any longer. 推卸 (职责) [正式]
Many parents simply abdicate all responsibility for their children.
dexterous /ˈdɛkstrəs/ (alsodextrous)
ADJ Someone who is dexterousis very skilful and clever with their hands.(手)灵巧的
As people grow older they generally become less dexterous.
residual /rɪˈzɪdjʊəl/ TEM4
ADJ Residual is used todescribe what remains of something when most of it has gone. 残留的
...residual radiation from nuclear weapons testing.
ADJ filled with something,esp (of poultry and other food) filled with stuffing 塞满了的; 吃饱了的
211. agent 动因
usurp /juːˈzɜːp/ TEM8 ( usurping, usurped, usurps )
V-T If you say that someoneusurps a job, role, title, or position, they take it from someone when theyhave no right to do this. 篡夺; 夺取 [正式]
Did she usurp his place in his mother's heart?
N-UNCOUNT Pomposity means speaking or behaving in a veryserious manner that shows you think you are more important than you really are.摆架子 [表不满]
Einstein was a scientist who hated pomposity and disliked being called a genius.
misanthrope /ˈmɪzənˌθrəʊp/ (misanthropes )
N-COUNT A misanthrope is a person who does not like other people. 遁世者; 厌恶世人者 [正式]
curmudgeon /kɜːˈmʌdʒən/ (curmudgeons )
N-COUNT If you call someone a curmudgeon, you do not like them because they are mean or bad-tempered. 坏脾气的人 [老式]
...such a terrible old curmudgeon.
N-UNCOUNT If a person has ananimus against someone, they have a strong feeling of dislike for them, evenwhen there is no good reason for it. 敌意 [正式] [usu N prep]
Your animus toward him suggests that you are the wrong man for the job.
N-UNCOUNT Acuity is sharpness of vision or hearing, or quickness of thought. (视觉或听觉)敏锐度; (思维)敏捷度 [正式]
We work on improving visual acuity.
fastidious /fæˈstɪdɪəs, fə-/ TEM8
ADJ If you say that someoneis fastidious, you mean that they pay great attention to detail because theylike everything to be very neat, accurate, and in good order. 极其注重细节的
...her fastidious attention to historical detail.
ingenuous /ɪnˈdʒɛnjʊəs/ TEM8
ADJ If you describe someoneas ingenuous, you mean that they are innocent, trusting, and honest. 天真的; 老实的 [正式] [ADV with v, ADV adj]
He seemed too ingenuous for a reporter.
ADJ Something that is prosaic is dull and uninteresting. 枯燥乏味的[正式]
His instructor offered a more prosaic explanation for the surge in interest.
nurture /ˈnɜːtʃə/ CET6 TEM8 ( nurturing, nurtured, nurtures )
1. V-T If you nurture something such as a young child or ayoung plant, you care for it while it is growing and developing. 养育[正式]
Parents want to know the best way to nurture and raise their child to adulthood.
2. V-T If you nurture plans, ideas, or people, you encouragethem or help them to develop. 培养 [正式]
She had always nurtured greatambitions for her son.
...parents whose political views were nurtured in the sixties.
contagious /kənˈteɪdʒəs/ CET6+ TEM4
1. ADJ A disease that is contagious can be caught bytouching people or things that are infected with it. Compare . 接触传染的
...a highly contagious disease of the lungs.
2. ADJ A feeling or attitude that is contagious spreadsquickly among a group of people. 有感染力的
Laughing is contagious.
ADJ If you describe someone or something as protean, youmean that they have the ability to continually change their nature, appearance,or behaviour. 多变的; 变化多端的[正式] [usu ADJ n]
He is a protean stylist whocan move from blues to ballads and grand symphony.
ADJ Someone, especially an old person, who is spry, is livelyand active. (尤指老人)精力充沛的; 精神矍铄的 [usu v-link ADJ]
The old gentleman was as spry as ever.
flourish /ˈflʌrɪʃ/ CET4 TEM4 ( flourishing, flourished, flourishes )
V-I If something flourishes, it is successful, active, orcommon, and developing quickly and strongly. 繁荣; 兴旺
Business flourished andwithin six months they were earning 18,000 roubles a day.
ADJ If you describe somethingas adversarial, you mean that it involves two or more people or organizationswho are opposing each other. 对立的 [正式]
In our country there is an adversarial relationship between government andbusiness.
ascribe /əˈskraɪb/ CET6 TEM8 ( ascribing, ascribed, ascribes )
V-T If you ascribe an eventor condition to a particular cause, you say or consider that it was caused bythat thing. 将…归因于 [正式]
ADJ You say that something isanachronistic when you think that it is out of date or old-fashioned. 过时的
Many of its practices seem anachronistic.
ADJ Someone or something thatis dilatory is slow and causes delay. 拖拉的 [正式]
You might expect politiciansto smooth things out when civil servants are being dilatory.
equanimity /ˌiːkwəˈnɪmɪtɪ, ˌɛk-/
N-UNCOUNT Equanimity is acalm state of mind and attitude to life, so that you never lose your temper orbecome upset. 平静; 坦然 [正式] [oft 'with' N]
His sense of humour allowedhim to face adversaries with equanimity.
ADJ If you describe somethingas exploitative, you disapprove of it because it treats people unfairly byusing their work or ideas for its own advantage, and giving them very little inreturn. 剥削性的 [正式]
The expansion of Westerncapitalism incorporated the Third World into an exploitative world system.
forestall /fɔːˈstɔːl/ TEM8 ( forestalling, forestalled, forestalls)
V-T If you forestall someone,you realize what they are likely to do and prevent them from doing it. 预先阻止
Large numbers of police werein the square to forestall any demonstrations.
thwart /θwɔːt/ TEM4 ( thwarting, thwarted, thwarts )
V-T If you thwart someone orthwart their plans, you prevent them from doing or getting what they want. 阻挠; 挫败
The security forces weredoing all they could to thwart terrorists.
ADJ not planned beforehand;spontaneous 非预谋的
ADJ Vituperative remarks arefull of hate, anger, or insults. 辱骂的 [正式] [ADJ n]
He is often the victim of vituperative remarks concerning hiswealth.
expurgate /ˈɛkspəˌɡeɪt/ TEM8 ( expurgating, expurgated, expurgates )
V-T If someone expurgates apiece of writing, they remove parts of it before it is published because theythink those parts will offend or shock people. (作品出版前因考量内容尺度而做的)删减 [正式]
He heavily expurgated the work in its second edition.
ADJ irritating, exasperating,or bitterly humiliating 使愤怒的; 羞辱性的
demagogue /ˈdɛməˌɡɒɡ/(also demagog) TEM8 ( demagogues )
N-COUNT If you say thatsomeone such as a politician is a demagogue you are criticizing them becauseyou think they try to win people's support by appealing to their emotionsrather than using reasonable arguments. 煽动者 [oft adj N] [表不满]
nimble /ˈnɪmbəl/ TEM8 ( nimbler, nimblest )
1. ADJ Someone who is nimble is able to move theirfingers, hands, or legs quickly and easily. 敏捷灵巧的
Everything had been stitched by Molly's nimble fingers.
2. ADJ If you say that someone has a nimble mind, youmean they are clever and can think very quickly. 机智的
A nimble mindbacked by a degree in economics gave him a firm grasp of financial matters.
buoyancy /ˈbɔɪənsɪ/ TEM8
1. N-UNCOUNT Buoyancy is theability that something has to float on a liquid or in the air. 浮力
Air can be pumped into thediving suit to increase buoyancy.
2. N-UNCOUNT Buoyancy is afeeling of cheerfulness. 愉快
...a mood of buoyancy and optimism.
3. N-UNCOUNT There iseconomic buoyancy when the economy is growing. 繁荣
The likelihood is that theslump will be followed by a period of buoyancy.
pounce /paʊns/ TEM8 ( pouncing, pounced, pounces )
1. V-I If someone pounces onyou, they come up toward you suddenly and take hold of you. (向某人) 猛扑
Hepounced on the photographer, beat him up, and smashed his camera.
2. V-I If someone pounces onsomething such as a mistake, they quickly draw attention to it, usually inorder to gain an advantage for themselves or to prove that they are right. (对某事) 抓住不放
The Democrats were ready to pounce on any Republican failings or mistakes.
discreet /dɪˈskriːt/ CET6 TEM8
ADJ If you are discreet, youare polite and careful in what you do or say, because you want to avoidembarrassing or offending someone. (言行)谨慎的
They were gossipy and not always discreet.
antipathy /ænˈtɪpəθɪ/ TEM8
N-UNCOUNT Antipathy is astrong feeling of dislike or hostility toward someone or something. 憎恶 [正式]
...the voting public's antipathy toward the president.
ADJ not easy to understand;recondite; esoteric 深奥的
allusion /əˈluːʒən/ TEM8 ( allusions )
N-VAR An allusion is anindirect reference to someone or something. 暗指
This last point wasunderstood to be an allusion to the long-standing hostility between the two leaders.
ADJ If you describe someoneas wrongheaded, you mean that although they act in a determined way, theiractions and ideas are based on wrong judgments. 执迷不悟的
He told them exactly how wrongheaded they were.
chicanery /ʃɪˈkeɪnərɪ/ (chicaneries )
N-UNCOUNT Chicanery is usingcleverness to cheat people. 耍花招对他人的哄骗 [正式] [also N in pl]