N-UNCOUNT Gerrymandering isthe act ofaltering political boundaries in order to give an unfair advantageto onepolitical party or group of people. (为使某一党获得优势)改划选区 [表不满]
dilapidated /dɪˈlæpɪˌdeɪtɪd/ TEM8
ADJ A building that isdilapidated is oldand in a generally bad condition. 破旧的
...anold dilapidated barn.
debilitate /dɪˈbɪlɪˌteɪt/ TEM8 (debilitating, debilitated, debilitates)
V-T If you are debilitated bysomethingsuch as an illness, it causes your body or mind to become gradually weaker. 虚弱 [正式] [usu passive]
Stewart took over yesterdaywhen Russell was debilitated by a stomach virus.
N-UNCOUNT Sophistry is thepractice ofusing clever arguments that sound convincing but are in fact false.诡辩术 [正式]
Political selection is more dependent on sophistry and less on economicliteracy.
animosity /ˌænɪˈmɒsɪtɪ/ TEM8 ( animosities)
N-UNCOUNT Animosity is astrong feeling ofdislike and anger. Animosities are feelings of this kind. 强烈敌意 [also N in pl]
There's a long history of animosity between the two nations.
antipathy /ænˈtɪpəθɪ/ TEM8
N-UNCOUNT Antipathy is astrong feeling ofdislike or hostility toward someone or something. 憎恶 [正式]
...the voting public's antipathy toward the president.
disheartened /dɪsˈhɑːt ənd/
ADJ If you are disheartened,you feeldisappointed about something and have less confidence or less hopeabout it thanyou did before. 灰心的
He was disheartened by their hostile reaction.
hackneyed /ˈhæknɪd/ TEM8
ADJ If you describe somethingsuch as asaying or an image as hackneyed, you think it is no longer likely tointerest,amuse, or affect people because it has been used, seen, or heard manytimesbefore. 老生常谈的; 不新奇的
Power corrupts and absolute power corruptsabsolutely. That's the old hackneyed phrase, but it's true.
paradigm /ˈpærəˌdaɪm/ CET6+ TEM8 (paradigms )
N-VAR A paradigm is a modelfor somethingthat explains it or shows how it can be produced. 范例 [正式]
...a new paradigm of production.
placid /ˈplæsɪd/ TEM4
1. ADJ A placid person oranimal is calmand does not easily become excited, angry, or upset. 温和的
She was a placid child who rarely cried.
2. ADJ A placid place, areaof water, orlife is calm and peaceful. 平静的
...the placid waters of Lake Erie.
ADJ If you describe someoneor something asrecalcitrant, you mean that they are unwilling to obey ordersor are difficultto deal with. 不服从命令的; 难对付的 [正式] [usu ADJ n]
The danger is that recalcitrant local authorities will rejecttheirresponsibilities.
redundancy /rɪˈdʌndənsɪ/ CET6+ TEM8 (redundancies )
1. N-UNCOUNT Redundancy meansbeing maderedundant. 裁员 [商业]
Thousands of bank employeesare facing redundancy as their employers cutcosts.
2. N-COUNT When there areredundancies, anorganization tells some of its employees to leave becausetheir jobs are nolonger necessary or because the organization can no longerafford to pay them. 多余的员工 [英国英语] [商业]
ADJ If youdescribe someone's behaviour, beliefs, orcustoms as unorthodox, you mean thatthey are different from what is generallyaccepted. 非正统的; 另类的
The reality-basedshow followed theunorthodox lives of Ozzy, his wife Sharon, daughter Kelly, and son,Jack.
pacifist /ˈpæsɪfɪst/ ( pacifists )
N-COUNT A pacifist is someonewho believesthat violence is wrong and refuses to take part in wars. 和平主义者; 反战者
Many protesters insist they are pacifists, opposed to war in all forms.
demagogue /ˈdɛməˌɡɒɡ/ (also demagog) TEM8 (demagogues )
N-COUNT If you saythat someone such as a politician is ademagogue you are criticizing thembecause you think they try to win people'ssupport by appealing to theiremotions rather than using reasonable arguments. 煽动者 [oft adj N] [表不满
to prognosticate futurerelations
dirge /dɜːdʒ/ ( dirges )
N-COUNT A dirge is a slow,sad song orpiece of music. Dirges are sometimes performed at funerals. (葬礼中演奏的)挽歌 [usu sing]
ADJ A diminutiveperson or object is very small. 微小的
Her eyes scannedthe room until they came to rest on a diminutive figure standing at the entrance.
N-UNCOUNT The virtuosity ofsomeone such asan artist or athlete is their great skill. (如艺术家或运动员的)高超技巧 [oft with poss]
At that time, his virtuosity on the trumpet had no parallel in jazz.
ADJ A halcyon time is a timein the pastthat was peaceful or happy. (旧日时光)平静的; 幸福的 [文学性] [ADJ n]
It was all a far cry from those halcyon days in 1990, when he wonthreetournaments on the European tour.
invoke /ɪnˈvəʊk/ CET6+ TEM8 ( invoking,invoked, invokes )
1. V-T If you invoke a law,you state thatyou are taking a particular action because that law allows ortells you to. 求助于 (法律)
The judge invoked an international law that protects refugees.
2. V-T If you invokesomething such as aprinciple, a saying, or a famous person, you refer to themin order to supportyour argument. 援引
...economists who invoke the principle of "consumersovereignty" to supporttheir arguments.
3. V-T If something such as apiece ofmusic invokes a feeling or an image, it causes someone to have thefeeling or tosee the image. Many people consider this use to be incorrectbecause is thecorrect word for this. 使人想起
"AppalachianSpring" by AaronCopland invoked theatmosphere of the wide open spaces of the prairies.
ADJ of or relating to anoracle 神谕的
Apollo had his oracular shrine at Delphi
palpitation /ˌpælpɪˈteɪʃən/ (palpitations)
N-VAR When someone haspalpitations, theirheart beats very fast in an irregular way. 心悸
Caffeine can cause palpitations and headaches.
prattle /ˈprætəl/ (prattling, prattled,prattles )
V-I If you say that someoneprattles onabout something, you are criticizing them because they are talkinga lot withoutsaying anything important. 闲扯; 喋喋不休 [非正式]
Lou prattled on about various trivialities till I wantedto scream.
prudent /ˈpruːdənt/ CET6+ TEM8
ADJ Someone who is prudent issensible andcareful. 谨慎的
It is clearly prudent to take all precautions.
raconteur /ˌrækɒnˈtɜː/ (raconteurs )
N-COUNT A raconteur is someone, usually aman, who can tell stories in an interesting or amusing way. 擅长讲故事者
He spoke eight languages andwas a noted raconteur.
respite /ˈrɛspɪt/ TEM8
1. N-SING A respite is ashort period ofrest from something unpleasant. (某种不快中的) 小间歇 [正式] [also no det,oft N 'from' n]
It was some weeks now sincethey'd had any respite from shellfire.
2. N-SING A respite is ashort delay beforea very unpleasant or difficult situation which may or maynot take place. 暂缓 [正式] [also no det]
Devaluation would only givethe economy a brief respite.
sanctuary /ˈsæŋktjʊərɪ/ CET6+ TEM8 (sanctuaries )
1. N-COUNT A sanctuary is aplace wherepeople who are in danger from other people can go to be safe. 避难所
His church became a sanctuary for thousands of people who fledthecivil war.
2. N-UNCOUNT Sanctuary is thesafetyprovided in a sanctuary. 庇护
Some of them have soughtsanctuary in thechurch.
1. ADJ If you say thatsomeone istruculent, you mean that they are bad-tempered and aggressive. 易怒的; 好斗的
2. truculence N-UNCOUNT
"What do you want?"she asked with her usual truculence.
acumen /ˈækjʊˌmɛn/ TEM8
N-UNCOUNT Acumen is theability to makegood judgments and quick decisions. 敏锐; 精明
ADJ If youdescribe something as unwarranted, you arecritical of it because there is noneed or reason for it. 不必要的; 无端的 [正式]
Any attempt todiscuss the issue of human rights was rejectedasan unwarranted interference in the country'sinternal affairs.
schism /ˈskɪzəm, ˈsɪz-/ (schisms )
N-VAR When there is a schism,a group ororganization divides into two groups as a result of differences inthinking andbeliefs. 分裂 [正式]
The church seems to be on the brink of schism.
hiatus /haɪˈeɪtəs/ TEM8
N-SING A hiatus is a pause inwhich nothinghappens, or a gap where something is missing. 间歇; 空隙 [正式]
Diplomatic efforts to reach asettlementresume today after a two-week hiatus.
preclude /prɪˈkluːd/ CET6 TEM8 (precluding, precluded, precludes)
V-T If something precludes anevent oraction, it prevents the event or action from happening. 阻止 (某事件或行动发生) [正式]
At 84, John feels his age precludes too much travel.
amalgamate /əˈmælɡəˌmeɪt/ TEM8 (amalgamating, amalgamated, amalgamates )
V-RECIP When two or morethings, especiallyorganizations, amalgamate or are amalgamated, they becomeone large thing. 合并
The firm has amalgamated with another company.
The chemical companies had amalgamated into a vast conglomerate.
symbiosis /ˌsɪmbɪˈəʊsɪs, -baɪ-/
1. N-UNCOUNT Symbiosis is acloserelationship between two organisms of different kinds which benefitsbothorganisms. 共生; 共生关系 [技术]
...the link between bacteria, symbiosis, and the evolution of plants andanimals.
2. N-UNCOUNT Symbiosis is anyrelationshipbetween different things, people, or groups that benefits all thethings orpeople concerned. 互惠互利的关系
...the cosy symbiosis of the traditional political parties.
moribund /ˈmɒrɪˌbʌnd/ TEM8
ADJ If you describe somethingas moribund,you mean that it is in a very bad condition. 垂死的; 奄奄一息的 [正式]
...the moribund economy.
N-UNCOUNT Elocution is howclearly someonespeaks or sings. 演说术; 演说技巧
When I was 11 my mother sentme to elocution lessons.
ADJ If you describe someoneas venal, youdisapprove of them because they are prepared to do almostanything in return formoney, even things that are dishonest or immoral. 唯利是图的 [表不满]
Ian Trimmer is corrupt and thoroughly venal.
lopsided /ˌlɒpˈsaɪdɪd/ TEM8
ADJ Something that islopsided is unevenbecause one side is lower or heavier than the other. 两边高低不平的; 不均衡的
His suit had shoulders thatmade him look lopsided.
indelible /ɪnˈdɛlɪbəl/ TEM8
1. ADJ If you say thatsomething leaves anindelible impression, you mean that it is very unlikely tobe forgotten. 难忘的 [usu ADJ n]
My visit to India in 1986 left an indelible impression on me.
2. indelibly ADV [ADV with v]
The horrors he experiencedare imprinted,perhaps indelibly, in his brain.
3. ADJ Indelible ink or anindelible staincannot be removed or washed out. (污渍)洗不掉的 [usu ADJ n]
It leaves indelible stains on clothes.
The message was written in indelible ink.
florid /ˈflɒrɪd/ TEM8
1. ADJ If you describesomething as florid,you disapprove of the fact that it is complicated andextravagant rather thanplain and simple. 过分花哨的 [表不满]
2. ADJ Someone who is floridalways has ared face. 面色红润的
Jacobs was a stout, florid man.
N the doing of a wrongful orillegal act,esp by a public official (公共官员的)渎职行为 [法律]→compare misfeasance, nonfeasance
pastoral /ˈpɑːstərəl/ TEM8
1. ADJ The pastoral duties ofa priest orother religious leader involve looking after the people he or shehasresponsibility for, especially by helping them with their personalproblems. 牧师职责的 [ADJ n]
...thepastoral care of the sick.
2. ADJ A pastoral place,atmosphere, oridea is characteristic of peaceful country life and scenery. 田园生活的; 田园风光的 [ADJ n]
...a tranquil pastoral scene.
ADJ Conditions that areinimical tosomething make it difficult for that thing to exist or do well. 不利的 [正式]
...goals inimical to Western interests.
ADJ A mellifluous voice orpiece of musicis smooth and gentle and very pleasant to listen to. 悦耳的; 温柔的; 动听的 [正式] [usu ADJ n]
I grew up around people whohad wonderful, mellifluous voices.