最常见托福听力材料:历史发展

所属专题:托福听力  来源:互联网    要点:托福听力  
编辑点评: 托福听力材料涉及到多种话题,不过,有些经典话题会在各次考试中重复出现,大家如果能掌握这些话题及相关词汇,应该会对答题很有帮助。下面为大家整理的“历史发展”方面的托福听力材料,希望对大家有所帮助。

托福听力段子:历史发展

Last time, we outlined how the Civil War finally got started. I want to talk today about the political management of the war on both sides: the north under Abraham Lincoln and the south under Jefferson Davis. An important task for both of these presidents was to justify for their citizens just why the war was necessary. In 1861, on July 4th, Lincoln gave his first major speech in which he presented the northern reasons for the war. It was, he said, to preserve democracy. Lincoln suggested that this war was a noble crusade that would determine the future of democracy through out the world. For him the issue was whether or not this government of the people, by the people could maintain its integrity, could it remain complete and survive its domestic foes. In other words, could a few discontented individuals and by that he meant those who led the southern rebellion, could they arbitrarily break up the government and put an end to free government on earth? The only way for the nation to survive was to crush the rebellion. At the time, he was hopeful that the war wouldn’t last long and the slave owners would be put down forever, but he underestimated how difficult the war would be. It would be harder than any the Americans had thought before or since, largely because the north had to break the will of the southern people, not just by its army. But Lincoln rallied northerners to a deep commitment to the cause. They came to perceive the war as a kind of democratic crusade against southern society.

以上是常考的托福听力材料,托福听力常考话题一般包括校园,历史,艺术,自然等方面,大家也可以从这个方向去积累一些背景词汇和背景知识,从而提高托福听力正确率。

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