托福听力高分的左膀右臂——词汇和语法

所属专题:托福听力  来源:互联网    要点:托福听力  
编辑点评: 托福听力虽然考察的是大家听力的能力,但是词汇和语法也是考试复习中千万不可忽视的两点,只有对词汇和语法有了很好的把握后,才能在其他方面有所提高。

词汇和语法在托福听力中占的位置非常重要,它们是大家必须要夯实的基础。只有掌握了大量的托福词汇和准确的语法,才能使自己得以听懂和理解托福听力的材料。

(1)注意扩充词汇量:经天道专家研究发现,词汇量是影响托福听力高分的主要因素之一,词汇量的匮乏往往是造成托福听力能力不能提高的首要因素。因此,同学们在训练托福听力技巧的同时,应注意词汇量的扩充。

(2)加强同义表达方式的听力训练:在托福听力选择中,相当一部分情况下,答案就是对话信息的同义表达方式。如:

W: The speech the blind girl gave this evening was extremely touching.?

M: I think everybody felt the same.

Q: How did the man feel about the girl’s speech?

A. It was boring. B. It was entertaining.

C. It was moving. D. It was encouraging.

Moving与touching意思相近,答案为C。

M: Nancy, why were you late today?

W: I overslept and missed the bus.

Q: Why was Nancy late?

A. She got up later than usual. B. The bus was late.

C. She forgot she had classes. D. Her clock was slow.

Overslept 也就是got up later than usual。

(3)加强语法概念的单句理解练习:托福听力考试中有相当一部分情况下,有对语法结构表意功能的考查,如虚拟语气的含义,建议的表达方式等。如:

W: We do need another bookshelf in this room. But the problem is the space for it.

M: How about moving the old dining table to the kitchen?

Q: What does the man suggest they should do?

A. Finding a larger room. B. Sell the old table.

C. Buy two bookshelves. D. Rearrange some furniture.

如果考生清楚How about用来提出建议,就可以根据moving the old dining table判断答案为D。再如:

W: The movie starts in 5 minutes and there is bound to be a long line.

M: Why don’t we come back for the next show? I’m sure it would be less crowded.

Q: What is the man suggesting?

A. Coming back for a later show. B. Waiting in a queue.

C. Coming back in five minutes. D. Not going to the movie today.

Why don’t 表示建议,由此可以判断答案为A。

M: What do you think of my paper?

W: The ideas are good. If I were you, though, I’d rewrite the last two paragraphs to make it better.

Q: What is the woman’s comment on the man’s paper?

A. The ideas of the paper are not convincing.

B. Some parts of the paper are not well written.

C. The handwriting of the paper is not good.

D. The paper is not complete.

本题考查的是同学们对虚拟语气句子的理解,答案是B。

从上面的例子大家就可以看出来词汇和语法的重要性,即使没有听懂听力材料的内容,也能经过从知识层面分析然后得出答案,这在托福听力考试中是非常节省时间的。

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