新托福考试阅读练习材料:Haven’t We Met

所属专题:新托福考试阅读练习资料  来源:互联网    要点:托福阅读  
编辑点评: 新托福阅读的提高在于大家要不断做真题练习、积累自己做题的感觉,并且要在对过答案以后对错题进行分析,得出自己错在哪里,避免下次再犯。本文为大家例举一篇托福阅读真题,供大家了解和学习。

以下是新托福阅读的真题,大家一定要注意在备考的过程中多多培养自己做题的感觉,多读一些托福真题文章。 

You wake up one morning to find a strange man standing in your kitchen; worse than that, he seems to have made himself completely at home.

Someone’s child is sitting in the living room watching television, on which somebody or other is giving a speech while standing next to a bust of some old guy. Who are these people? And where’s your family?

If you suffered from the neurological disorder called “facial agnosia,” a twilight-zone style experience of this sort might be a reality. Facial agnosia typically occurs to people who have received damage to the right hemisphere of the brain due to stroke or injury. People with facial agnosia lose the ability to recognize even the most familiar faces: in this case a husband and daughter, the president of the United States and a bust of Abraham Lincoln. In severe cases an examining physician will be able to hold up a photograph of him or herself and, seated in front of the patient with facial agnosia, ask if they recognize this person — to no avail.

What’s especially interesting to researchers about this condition is its specificity. Visual ability itself is not damaged, and the person with facial agnosia can still recognize anything else — except a face. Indeed, they can still describe faces very accurately, but only in the way one describes an object: “He needs a shave. He has droopy eyes. He has a small scar,” but never “Wait a minute — this is my high school yearbook picture.” Facial agnosia strongly suggests the existence of a mechanism in the brain devoted specifically to recognizing individuals we’ve seen before, a mechanism thought to exist in many other animals and even some insects.

译文:

你一早醒来,发现你的厨房里站着一个陌生人。更糟糕的是,他似乎像在自己家一样随意。

不知谁家的孩子正坐在客厅看电视,电视里播放着一个人站在一位老者的半身像旁高声演讲着。这些人是谁?你的家人去哪儿了?

如果你患上了一种脑神经失调的面孔失认症,那么像这样模糊不清的“过渡”式的经历或许是一个事实。面孔失认症常出现于人们大脑的右半球被打击或损伤后。患有面孔失认症的人会失去辨认面孔的能力,即使是最熟悉的人也不列外:比如丈夫或者女儿,美国的总统或者亚伯拉罕林肯的半身像。在严重的情况下,检查的医生会拿着一张自己的照片,坐在面孔失认症患者的前面,询问他们是否认识这个人,但是完全不起作用。

对于研究者来说这种情况最有趣的就是它的特殊性。视觉能力本身没有损坏,面孔失认症患者仍然能够辨别别的事物-除了脸。事实上,他们仍然可以非常准确地描述面孔,但是就像描述物体似的。“他需要刮胡子,他有双下垂的眼睛,他有一个小疤痕”。但是从不会听到“等一下-这是我高中的毕业照。”面孔失认症患者暗示了人类大脑里存在着一种专门用于辨认见过的人的机制,这种机制也被认为存在于别的动物甚至一些昆虫中。

总之,对于托福考试阅读的准备并非一朝一夕之事,需要同学们付诸行动,提高托福阅读成绩指日可待。 

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