托福口语经典文章系列之现代的美国大学 Modern American Universities

所属专题:托福口语  来源:小站教育    要点:托福口语,托福口语范文  
编辑点评: 托福口语的备考和考试当中,考生往往会准备一些模板以方便大家更好的做题,但是在复习的时候一些托福口语的经典题目及答案都是大家很好的复习材料。不知道大家对于些比较好的托福口语高分文章怎么看,小编认为这些资料对于你的托福口语复习非常有帮助。

托福口语备考过程中大家往往会用到一些素材或者模板之类的,其实一些优秀的托福口语范文也是非常不错的。不知道大家在平时的备考过程中收集到了哪些,今天小编在这里为大家整理了托福口语经典文章,希望对大家托福口语提分有帮助。

托福口语必背篇经典文章:现代的美国大学 Modern American Universities
Before the 1850’s, the United States had a number of small colleges, most of them dating from colonial days. They were small, church connected institutions whose primary concern was to shape the moral character of their students.
Throughout Europe, institutions of higher learning had developed, bearing the ancient name of university. In German university was concerned primarily with creating and spreading knowledge, not morals. Between mid-century and the end of the 1800’s, more than nine thousand young Americans, dissatisfied with their training at home, went to Germany for advanced study. Some of them return to become presidents of venerable colleges-----Harvard, Yale, Columbia---and transform them into modern universities. The new presidents broke all ties with the churches and brought in a new kind of faculty. Professors were hired for their knowledge of a subject, not because they were of the proper faith and had a strong arm for disciplining students. The new principle was that a university was to create knowledge as well as pass it on, and this called for a faculty composed of teacher-scholars. Drilling and learning by rote were replaced by the German method of lecturing, in which the professor’s own research was presented in class. Graduate training leading to the Ph.D., an ancient German degree signifying the highest level of advanced scholarly attainment, was introduced. With the establishment of the seminar system, graduate student learned to question, analyze, and conduct their own research.
At the same time, the new university greatly expanded in size and course offerings, breaking completely out of the old, constricted curriculum of mathematics, classics, rhetoric, and music. The president of Harvard pioneered the elective system, by which students were able to choose their own course of study. The notion of major fields of study emerged. The new goal was to make the university relevant to the real pursuits of the world. Paying close heed to the practical needs of society, the new universities trained men and women to work at its tasks, with engineering students being the most characteristic of the new regime. Students were also trained as economists, architects, agriculturalists, social welfare workers, and teachers.
以上就是小编为大家整理的托福口语备考必背的经典文章,大家一起来看看这些文章是如何获得高分的吧,希望这些可以帮助以大家广大考生。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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