托福“词以类记”:社会学

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编辑点评: 张红岩的《词以类记:TOEFLiBT词汇》是新托福词汇类畅销书,它将托福词汇按学科、性质等分类,方便大家记忆和复习。这里为大家整理的是“社会学”类的词汇,在托福考试中无论是阅读还是听力部分都经常碰到。

张红岩——托福“词以类记”:社会学

1. sociology 社会学 [例] Sociology is the study of human social behavior, especially the study of the origins, organization, institutions, and development of human society.

2. hierarchy 层次 等级体系 [例] The government is a hierarchy.

3. sociologist 社会学家

4. marriage 结婚 婚姻 [例] My sister's marriage took place at ten o'clock today.

5. phenomenon 现象

6. urban 城市的 市内的

7. rural 乡下的 田园的 [例] Crops are grown in rural areas.

8. urbanization 城市化 [例] Urbanization has taken place very rapidly in developing countries.

9. migration 移民 [例] Scientists have studied the migration of fish over long distances in the river.

10. immigration 移居入境

11. emigration 移民出境 侨居

12. mobility 流动 [例] There's been restructuring of industry and downward mobility for Americans as a whole.

13. community 社区 社会 公社 [例] Government, business and community are the three pillars of our society.

14. metropolitan 首都的 主要都市的 大城市的

15. convention 传统 [例] Convention dictates that a leader should resign in such a situation.

16. patriarchic 家长的 族长的 [例] Our boss is too patriarchic.

17. institutionalize 使制度化或习俗化 [例] To institutionalize our scholarship discipline is imperative for all international students.

18. taboo 禁忌 禁止 [例] There is a taboo on smoking in this office.

19. ethics 伦理学

20. marital 婚姻的

21. polygamous 一夫多妻的 一妻多夫的

22. tribe 部落 部族

23. clan 部落 氏族 宗族 党派

24. connubial 婚姻的 夫妻的 配偶的

25. matrimony 婚姻

26. anathema 令人厌恶的事 受诅咒的事 [例] Those terrible ideas are anathemas to me.

以上是《词以类记:TOEFLiBT词汇》中关于“社会学”的内容,大家在熟记词汇拼写方式的同时,也要关注词汇的运用方式及相关背景知识,为托福考试做好充分准备。

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