常远新托福写作真经----新托福综合写作的高分策略(2)

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编辑点评: 《常远新托福写作真经》由新航道托福名师常远编著,是新托福写作真经的最新版,抢先收录20套最新北美区托福写作真题,这些真题均极有可能再次出现在中国大陆区的新托福考试中。

新托福综合写作的高分策略(2)

(上一篇讲解了阅读小文章时如何记重点信息,接下来继续讲解听录音及记录重点的方法。)

3. 听讲座录音

3分钟结束后,电脑界面会切换成一张大学课堂上的图片,然后考生会听到电脑里有声音提示:

Now listen to part of a lecture on the topic you just read about.

下面为本题的讲座,阴影部分为重点,请大家留意。

Right here at the outset let me say that this incentive plan is NOT a bad idea. But you should be careful not to let expectations get too high. Before I turned to teaching, I was involved in international business, mostly in Europe. A lot of companies tried these schemes there, but the results were not as good as the companies had expected. And we will touch on these in the lecture today.

First, quitting smoking and losing weight are two favorite hobbies among modern people. They’re worthy aims. But, let’s face it. Most people who quit smoking start again within a year. And most people who lose weight gain it back quickly. So such benefits derived from the incentive program are most likely not permanent.

Second, rewarding people for being healthy is unfair. I mean think about it. Some people are just naturally overweight, or at least heavy. The incentive can actually hurt their health as they try hard to lose weight. Genetics is genetics: we can’t force everyone to be slim. Besides, do we really want to offer people who do not live healthy lifestyles shorter vacations? Of course not! They have kids and families to take care of like the rest of us.

Last of all, plans like this ignore the reality of modern business. In the U.S., the average worker changes jobs fairly often. Many people change their jobs every few years. That means that the company will not benefit from its healthier workforce: that workforce is changing jobs and thecompany is constantly educating new workers. The same holds for the workers: they will adapt to the new company’s culture, and their health gains may turn out to be temporary indeed. So while these incentive plans sound good, their actual results are just plain inconsistent.

注意:听力中的重点信息所覆盖的词汇一般不超出考生所掌握的词汇范围,所以应着重练习捕捉重点信息和速记的能力。

4. 记录听力重点

认真研读本书在每一套题中精心编写的笔记转述内容。通过练习,你将可以自如地将笔记展开、组织成句。

以下是本题听力内容的笔记和笔记转述:

反驳

【原文摘要】×good results

【笔记转述】The professor puts forth the idea that the incentive program will not work.

理由1

【原文摘要】benefit ×permanent

【笔记转述】The benefits from the implementation of the incentive program will not last long.

理由2

【原文摘要】unfair →naturally ↑weight

genetics →×force →slim

×short vacation ∵kids & families

【笔记转述】The incentive plan is unfair to those who are naturally overweight. They have difficulty keeping slim due to their genetics. Moreover, the company cannot fairly shorten their vacation as many of them have kids and families to look after.

理由3

【原文摘要】change jobs often

∴health →temporary

∴company →×benefit

【笔记转述】People now change jobs very frequently, and the healthy lifestyle that forms in the former company is probably only temporary. Thus any benefits to the company will quickly disappear.

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