常远新托福写作真经----新托福独立写作技巧:“自问自答”的逻辑展开法

所属专题:托福写作备考全集合  来源:沪江留学网    要点:常远新托福写作真经  
编辑点评: 《常远新托福写作真经》由新航道托福名师常远编著,是新托福写作真经的最新版,抢先收录20套最新北美区托福写作真题,这些真题均极有可能再次出现在中国大陆区的新托福考试中。

新托福独立写作技巧:“自问自答”的逻辑展开法

很多考生认为独立写作不容易写,主要原因是因为没有想法或语言不好表达。其实,思路和表达是由逻辑决定的。而所有文章的逻辑都可以通过一种“自问自答”的方式展开。这样,你的思路如同行云流水一般流畅,而你的语言也会随着思路从容地表达出来。

下面以2011年05月13日北美新托福独立写作真题为例,题目为:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It is better for parents to encourage their children to take a part-time job.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

题目:父母该不该鼓励孩子做兼职工作?

破题思路:

1)问:不做兼职会怎样?答:有可能无所事事而招惹麻烦,受到周围人的影响沾染上坏习性。

2)问:做兼职会怎样?答:学会管理时间、培养责任心、珍惜闲暇时光和辛苦赚到的钱(全文中心论点)。

因此,开头可以这样展开。

第一句,不做兼职可能会怎样:

Children with too much free time are more likely to get themselves in trouble because teenagers tend to develop bad behavior from the influence of their friends and peers.

第二句,还是做兼职好(引出中心论点):

I think that a parent should encourage his or her children to do a part-time job to instill in them the value of time management, a sense of personal responsibility, and also to help them to learn the value of money.

中间段落的逻辑展开也可以如法炮制,如Paragraph 1:

问:做兼职有何好处?答:学会管理时间(本段论点)。

While a part-time job sometimes conflicts with studies, this experience can help young people acquire important time management skills that will help them succeed in college.

问:具体而言,管理时间有何意义?答:拖延时间会拉低学习成绩(举例论证)。

If students begin learning to manage a tight schedule in high school, they will soon understand that procrastination can be detrimental to their grade point average.

得出结论,点题:

A part-time job makes them block off more time each day for work, school and homework.

反问:如果不做兼职可能会怎样?答:时间观念差(再次强调论点)。

Without a part-time job, their schedules are more likely to be unstructured.

后面的段落与之相仿,也是通过自问自答将行文逻辑展开,层层递进、环环相扣。这样的文章思路清晰、逻辑严谨、可操作性强,便于模仿和记忆(本题范文请参考《常远新托福写作真经》第205页)。

>>点击查看托福写作备考全集合专题,阅读更多相关文章!

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