常远新托福写作真经----2012年12月01日北美真题及范文

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编辑点评: 《常远新托福写作真经》由新航道托福名师常远编著,是新托福写作真经的最新版,抢先收录20套最新北美区托福写作真题,这些真题均极有可能再次出现在中国大陆区的新托福考试中。

新托福独立写作:2012年12月01日北美真题及范文

真题再现

Task 2: Writing Based on Knowledge and Experience

Directions: You have 30 minutes to plan and complete your essay.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Some people think that people who live in the country are more satisfied with life than city people.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

思路拓展和标准范文

Introduction思路拓展破题思路:先描述自己不支持的那一方观点做铺垫 转折引出全文论点:乡村生活更简单、淳朴、安全

破题

In regard to this question about life in the countryside or city,some people believe that city dwellers feel more satisfied withtheir comfortable and convenient lives.

中心论点

However, I believe that residents of the countryside often seemhappier and more at peace thanfrantic(紧张慌乱的)and nervouscity dwellers. People in the country tend to live a more satisfyinglife, because countryside residents often have a simpler, purer,and safer life.

Essay Body

Paragraph 1

思路拓展 本段论点:乡村生活让人远离城市的喧嚣→烦恼→ 举例

例子展开:联想到pollution→从现象拓展到影响

本段论点

First, living far removed from the turmoil(混乱) andfrustrationsof a major city certainly is benefit of life in the country.

举例

Crime is usually a rare occurrence in the countryside, and the loudnoises, overcrowded roads and traffic jams which are common inmajor urban centers cannot be found in rural areas.

例子展开

The pollution in urban areas is severe due to vehicles, factories,and other elements, whereas the air in the countryside is muchcleaner than that in the city due to the absence of these pollutants.

结论

The availability of green space as well as fresh air is beneficial toone’s health because people living in the midst of(在…中间) nature feel a greater sense of ease and relaxation and are lesslikely to catch many diseases.

下结论的时候,需解释原因,逻辑方才完整。

Paragraph 2

思路拓展 本段论点:乡村居民之间相处更融洽→ 解释本段论点→举例→一句话概括好处→结论

本段论点

People living in the country also experience a greater sense ofcommunity and enjoy more comfortable social networks.

解释论点

While urban people sometimes do not know the name of theperson next door, rural people share many aspects of their lives.

解释论点

采用对比写作手法展开,更为生动。

举例一

They may share some of the vegetables or fruits they plant or gettogether and chat with each other after a day of work.

举例二

They also participate in local events such as sporting events andweddings or funerals of the neighbors.

一句话概括好处

 

Most importantly, people there have deeper feelings for oneanother and help each other in emergencies.

结论

In a smaller countryside town, residents tend to know one anotherwell and provide help for each other. This provides everyone witha good sense of community

Conclusion

思路拓展结论:乡村居民的生活更安详、舒适

结论

While most city dwellers would never give up the stressfulexcitement of their own life, I believe people in rural areas aremore satisfied with their relaxed and simple lifestyle because offriendly neighbors and the quiet and safe environment.

标准范文译文:

对于是生活在乡村还是城市的问题,有人认为住在城市的居民有着更舒适、便利的生活环境,更能得到满足。但我认为乡村居民看上去更幸福、更平和,不像都市人那样紧张忙乱。乡村居民的生活更会让人有满足感,因为他们的生活更简单、淳朴,也更安全。

首先,都市生活总是混乱不堪,让人充满挫败感,生活在乡村则可以远离这些麻烦。在乡村,犯罪事件鲜有发生,也不会像大城市那样常有巨大的噪音、拥挤不堪的道路和堵车。由于交通繁忙、工厂林立和其他的原因,城市地区的污染非常严重。乡村没有这些污染源,因而空气就干净得多。乡村洁净的空气和山野绿地都对人们的身体健康有好处。因为生活在大自然中,人们会感觉更放松,也能避免很多疾病。

生活在乡村也能让人们产生更强烈的群体归属感,享受到更简单自如的人际关系。在都市中生活的人有时候连隔壁邻居的名字都不知道,而乡村居民彼此的生活则有着很多交集。他们会分享自己家种植的一些果蔬,或在一天的工作之后聚在一起聊天。他们也会参加当地的活动,例如运动会、邻居的婚礼或葬礼。最重要的是,人们之间的感情很深,在危急时刻愿意出手相助。在小乡村,人们之间都非常了解,能及时提供帮助,因此,大家会有很强的归属感。

尽管多数城市居民不愿意放弃充满压力的刺激生活,我还是认为乡村地区的生活方式更放松、更简单,因为那里有友好的邻居和宁静、安全的环境。

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