考官教你征服托福口语逻辑

所属专题:出国留学  来源:朗阁海外考试研究中心    要点:托福口语技巧  
编辑点评: 很多筒子们在新托福口语中一拿到题目,就慌慌张张急于开口答题,从而到导致逻辑混乱,大大影响口语分数。本文考官细细为你道来托福口语逻辑。

Step 4: EXPRESS YOURSELF IN AN APPROPRIATE METHOD 第四步:用合适的方式表达出来

Examiners are smart and they see right through us. They can sense if students are being true to what we are saying or if we are just being hypocritical or just memorized some answers. One thing I observe is that the examinees that make a lot of impact to the examiners are those who speak sincerely and with passion from their hearts. They have the power to let the examiner know what they want to express and compel them without trying very hard. The whole thing should become very natural and effortless to have an excellent score. Mean what you say and say what you mean during the test.

考官们很聪明,他们总是很快看穿你。他们会意识到考生是在真的说还是背诵答案。那些能打动考官的考生往往真诚而富有感情。他们不费吹灰之力就可以让考官理解他们的意思,打动考官,水到渠成得到高分。要在考试中为你所说的言语的赋予含义,也要说出你真正的意思。

Expressing themselves properly requires a lot of tact. Students should have to say what they have to say in the exam to be able to speak logically. Sometimes the way students express themselves make examiner decide whether they will give a high score or just the opposite. As students express themselves, they should always be mindful of their choice of words and even tone of their voice.

恰如其分地表达你自己也是一个技术活儿。在考试中同学们一定要注意逻辑性。有时候,同学们的表达方式会让考官们判断他们是不是要给高分。所以考生们在表达的时候,要小心用词跟语调。

Step 5: BE CLEAR ON WHAT YOU WANT TO SAY 第五步:清楚地说出你想要表达的

To be able to be understood by the examiners, the student should speak with a firm, strong and confident voice. Examiners tend to pay more attention if the student speaks with confidence. On the other hand, examiners get bored and sleepy when the student speaks with a voice as soft as a whisper or as slow as a donkey walk. Each syllable should be pronounced very clearly and accurately. Of course, it would be best if the student can deliver their answer with the proper diction and accent. There are times that examiners get distracted with the accent of the student. Because of this, the examiners tend to get the wrong information as the student meant it this way, but his accent give the words different meaning already. Some examiners would then find the whole thing funny and weird. A student must have confidence to be able to speak clearly.

要想得到考官的理解,同学们应该以一种沉稳,响亮,自信的声音参加口语考试。考官喜欢说话自信的考生。另一方面,如果一个考生说话软绵绵,慢吞吞,声音小的像耳语,考官听了简直昏昏欲睡。我们每一个音节都要发音清晰准确。当然了,如果考生的措词和口音也都不错的话,那是再好不过的了。考官常常因为考生的口音错会考生的意思,但是考生的口音又确确实实让他说的话产生了歧义,有的考官会发现这现象又好气又好笑。考生一定要清晰地信心十足地表达自己的观点。

As much as possible, we should speak the words in layman’s term. Sometimes in an effort to impress the examiner, the student speaks high-sounding words that the examiners are not able to relate to. This tends to make the examiner feel that they are not smart enough to be able to understand what the “smart” speaker is talking about. I have observed that books and novels that are best sellers are those that people from all walks of life can relate to.

我们尽量不要使用专业术语。有时候考生竭尽全力口若悬河地向考官解释那些考官完全不明白的东西。考官会觉得自己像个白痴,没法理解这自作聪明的考生在叨叨些什么。书上不是说过吗?最好的的推销员能跟来自社会各阶层的人打交道。

Step 6: RELATE YOUR OPINIONS 第六步:叙述你的观点

If students want to speak with logic, they have to speak of facts. But they are also free to give their opinions about the whole thing. They can give illustrations to prove their point, or they can just simply state their reasons for having the said opinion. They can even look at history and get their basis there. They can also consider the opinions of the majority of their classmates. They can gather some statistics, data or consensus to back up and support their opinions. In some cases, there are really no right or wrong answers, they are just a matter of differences of opinion. Thus, it can give student extra scores in TOEFL IBT speaking test.

同学们想要表达得有逻辑性,就要注意实话实说。当然了,考生有表达观点的自由。考生们可以摆事实证明自己的观点,也可以简单地陈述理由。考生甚至可以以史为鉴,可以认可班上大多数同学的观点,也可以用数据支持自己的观点。有些情况下,答案没有对错之分,只是观点相异而已。所以,同学们可以在托福口语考试中得到意想不到的额外分数。

Step 7: LEARN TO RELAX ... YOU ARE READY FOR THE TEST 第七步:学会放松,你已经准备好了

You have prepared for this exam so there is no need to be worried. You know the material and you know what the examiners would like to hear. Now just go out and deliver a polished, rehearsed answer confidently. You have to believe that you can do it to be able to have an excellent mark.

你已经准备好了,完全没必要担心。你了解素材,了解什么是考官想听的。勇敢自信地说出你千雕万琢,数次演练过的答案吧。你要相信你自己完全有能力掌控考试,获得高分。

To be able to speak logically in the test, students answers must be realistic, reasonable, time bound, manageable and attainable. It has to be based on facts and not merely on here says memorized, rumors, gossips, wild guesses, feelings, etc. They have to really understand what the question is all about. After having understood the question, they have to utilize their brain by organizing their thinking in order to produce a logical answer. Careless thinking gives careless answers. Do not give answers in haste especially when it is the emotion that is controlling us. For example when a student is nervous he/she cannot think in the right way. When nervousness overwhelms, logic is gone. Be true to what you are saying for there is conviction in it. Trying to impress examiner with your answer may lead us to give illogical answers because they are not sure on what they are saying. Eloquence in test is very important to be able to speak clearly and be understood by the examiner because your brains allow you to give reasoning. And also this allows you to think carefully about what you want to say.

要在考试中富有逻辑,同学们的回答要基于现实,合情合理,时间把握准确,可控易懂。一定要基于事实,不要只是夸夸其谈自己的回忆,流言蜚语,猜想,感觉等等。同学们一定要理解问题是什么。理解了问题以后,就要在脑中组织自己的想法,形成有逻辑性的答案。草率的思考会导致草率的回答。别在情绪不稳定的时候急急忙忙给出答案。比如说,一个考生在很紧张的时候,就没法好好考虑他的答案。当紧张冲昏了头脑,逻辑就无影无踪了。一定要注意你的答案有说服力。试图语出惊人不可取,这有可能使答案缺乏逻辑,因为这样考生们往往无法确定他们所说的内容。你的大脑具有推理能力,所以这项考试中表达清晰,让考官明白你的意思非常重要。这也同时要求你要仔细思考你到底要说什么。

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