ADJ If a group of things is diverse, it is made up of a wide variety ofthings. 各种各样的
The building houses a wideand diverse variety of antiques.
devise /dɪˈvaɪz/ ( devising, devised, devises )
V-T If you devise a plan,system, or machine, you have the idea for it and design it. 构思; 设计
We deviseda scheme to help him.
N-UNCOUNT Ignominy is shame or public disgrace. 耻辱; 公开羞辱 [正式][oft N 'of' n/-ing]
...the ignominy of being fired.
acolyte /ˈækəˌlaɪt/ (acolytes )
N-COUNT An acolyte is afollower or assistant of an important person. 追随者 [正式]
To his acolytes, he is known simply as "the Boss."
N-UNCOUNT Compassion is a feeling of pity, sympathy, and understanding for someone who is suffering. 同情
Elderly people need time and compassion from their physicians.
ruthless /ˈruːθlɪs/ CET6+ TEM4
ADJ If you say that someoneis ruthless, you mean that you disapprove of them because they are very harsh or cruel, and will do anything that is necessary to achieve what they want. 残酷的 [表不满]
The president was ruthless in dealing with any hint of internalpolitical dissent.
ubiquitous /juːˈbɪkwɪtəs/ TEM8
ADJ If you describe somethingor someone as ubiquitous, you mean that they seem to be everywhere. 无所不在的 [正式]
Sugaris ubiquitous in the diet.
ADJ If someone is apoplectic, they are extremely angry aboutsomething. 勃然大怒的; 怒不可遏的 [正式]
charismatic /ˌkærɪzˈmætɪk/ TEM8
ADJ A charismatic personattracts, influences, and inspires people by their personal qualities. 有魅力的
With her striking looks and charismatic personality, she was noticed far and wide.
provisional /prəˈvɪʒənəl/ CET6+ TEM8
ADJ You use provisional todescribe something that has been arranged or appointed for the present, but maybe changed in the future. 临时的; 暂时的
...the possibility of settingup a provisional coalition government.
mature /məˈtjʊə, -ˈtʃʊə/ CET4 TEM4 ( maturing, matured, maturer,maturest, matures )
V-I When a child or young animal matures, it becomes an adult. (小孩、幼崽) 发育成熟
You will learn what to expectas your child matures physically.
fulfil /fʊlˈfɪl/ CET4 TEM4 (fulfilling, fulfilled, fulfils )
V-T If you fulfil somethingsuch as a promise, dream, or hope, you do what you said or hoped you would do. 实现 (承诺、梦想、希望等)
President Kaunda fulfilled his promise of announcing a date for the referendum.
severe /sɪˈvɪə/ CET4 TEM4 ( severer, severest )
ADJ You use severe to indicate that something bad or undesirable is great or intense. 严重的
...a business with severe cash flow problems.
upbraid /ʌpˈbreɪd/ (upbraiding, upbraided, upbraids )
V-T If you upbraid someone,you tell them that they have done something wrong and criticize them for doingit. 责骂 [正式]
His mother summoned him, upbraided him, wept and prayed.
underdog /ˈʌndəˌdɒɡ/ TEM8 (underdogs )
N-COUNT The underdog in acompetition or situation is the person who seems least likely to succeed orwin.处于劣势者
Most of the crowd werecheering for the underdog to win just this onetime.
pioneer /ˌpaɪəˈnɪə/ CET4 TEM4 ( pioneering, pioneered, pioneers )
N-COUNT Someone who isreferred to as a pioneer in a particular area of activity is one of the firstpeople to be involved in it and develop it. 先驱
...one of the leading pioneers of photojournalism.
N-SING If someone is in the vanguard of something such as a revolution or an area of research, they are involved in the most advanced part of it. You can also refer to the peoplethemselves as the vanguard. 先锋
Students and intellectualshave been in the vanguard of revolutionary change inChina.
complicity /kəmˈplɪsɪtɪ/ TEM4
N-UNCOUNT Complicity is involvement with other people in an illegal activity or plan. 同谋 [正式]
Recently a number ofpolicemen were sentenced to death for their complicity in the murder.
exonerate /ɪɡˈzɒnəˌreɪt/ TEM8 ( exonerating, exonerated, exonerates)
V-T If a court, report, orperson in authority exonerates someone, they officially say or show that that person is not responsible for something wrong or unpleasant that has happened. 宣判···无罪; 证明...的清白 [正式]
The official report basically exonerated everyone.
rampant /ˈræmpənt/ CET6+ TEM8
ADJ If you describe something bad, such as a crime or disease, as rampant, you mean that it is very common and is increasing in an uncontrolled way. 猖獗的; 泛滥的
Inflation is rampant and industry in decline.
proscribe /prəʊˈskraɪb/ (proscribing, proscribed, proscribes )
V-T If something is proscribed by people in authority, the existence or the use of that thing is forbidden. 正式宣布被禁止[正式] [usu passive]
In some cultures surgery is proscribed.
spare /spɛə/ CET4 TEM4 ( sparing, spared, spares )
ADJ You use spare to describe something that is the same as things that you are already using, but that youdo not need yet and are keeping ready in case another one is needed. 备用的
If possible keep a spare pair of glasses accessible in case your mainpair is broken or lost.
dispute /dɪˈspjuːt/ CET4 TEM4 ( disputing, disputed, disputes )
N-VAR A dispute is an argument or disagreement between people or groups. 争论
They have won previous pay disputes with the government.
strenuous /ˈstrɛnjʊəs/ CET6+ TEM8
ADJ A strenuous activity oraction involves a lot of energy or effort. 艰苦的; 剧烈的
Avoid strenuous exercise in the evening.
crucial /ˈkruːʃəl/ CET4 TEM4
ADJ If you describe somethingas crucial, you mean it is extremely important. 至关重要的
He had administrators underhim but made the crucial decisions himself.
recruit /rɪˈkruːt/ CET4 TEM4 ( recruiting, recruited, recruits )
V-T If you recruit people foran organization, you select them and persuade them to join it or work for it. 招收; 招募
The police are trying to recruit more black and Hispanic officers.
longevity /lɒnˈdʒɛvɪtɪ/ CET6+ TEM4
N-UNCOUNT Longevity is longlife. 长寿 [正式]
Human longevity runs in families.
characterize /ˈkærɪktəˌraɪz/ CET4 TEM4 ( characterizing, characterized,characterizes )
BRIT also characterise
V-T If something ischaracterized by a particular feature or quality, that feature or quality is anobvious part of it.以…为特征 [正式] [usu passive]
This election campaign has been characterized by violence.
mountainous /ˈmaʊntɪnəs/ CET6 TEM4
ADJ A mountainous place has alot of mountains. 多山的
...the mountainous region of New Mexico.
ameliorate /əˈmiːljəˌreɪt/ (ameliorating, ameliorated, ameliorates )
V-T If someone or something ameliorates a situation, they make it better or easierin some way. 改善 [正式]
exacerbate /ɪɡˈzæsəˌbeɪt/ TEM8 ( exacerbating, exacerbated, exacerbates )
V-T If something exacerbates a problem or bad situation, it makes itworse. 使…恶化 [正式]
Longstanding poverty has been exacerbated by racial divisions.
remuneration /rɪˌmjuːnəˈreɪʃən/TEM8 ( remunerations )
N-VAR Someone's remunerationis the amount of money that they are paid for the work that they do. 报酬; 酬金[正式]
...the continuing marked increases in the remuneration of the company'sdirectors.
ADJ Someone who is abstemious avoids doing too much of somethingenjoyable such as eating or drinking.有节制的 [正式]
malicious /məˈlɪʃəs/ CET6 TEM4
ADJ If you describe someone'swords or actions as malicious, you mean that they are intended to harm peopleor their reputation, or cause them embarrassment and upset. 恶意的
That might merely have been malicious gossip.
controversial /ˌkɒntrəˈvɜːʃəl/ CET4 TEM4
ADJ If you describe somethingor someone as controversial, you mean that they are the subject of intensepublic argument, disagreement, or disapproval. 有争议的
Immigration is a controversial issue in many countries.
hypothesis /haɪˈpɒθɪsɪs/ CET6 TEM8 ( hypotheses )
N-VAR A hypothesis is an ideawhich is suggested as a possible explanation for a particular situation orcondition, but which has not yet been proved to be correct. 假设 [正式]
Work will now begin to test the hypothesis in rats.
suspend /səˈspɛnd/ CET4 TEM4 ( suspending, suspended, suspends )
V-T If you suspend something,you delay it or stop it from happening for a while or until a decision is madeabout it. 暂停
The union suspended strike action this week.
obstinate /ˈɒbstɪnɪt/ TEM4ADJ If you describe someone as obstinate,you are being critical of them because they are very determined to do what theywant, and refuse to change their mind or be persuaded to do something else. 固执的 [表不满]
He is obstinate and determined and will not give up.
olfactory /ɒlˈfæktərɪ, -trɪ, əʊl-/
ADJ Olfactory means concernedwith the sense of smell. 嗅觉的 [正式][ADJ n]
This olfactory sense develops in the womb.
ADJ If you say that someoneis obstreperous, you think that they are noisy and difficult to control. 喧闹的; 不服约束的 [表不满]
You know I have no intentionof being awkward and obstreperous.
iconoclast /aɪˈkɒnəˌklæst/ (iconoclasts )
N-COUNT If you describesomeone as an iconoclast, you mean that they often criticize beliefs and thingsthat are generally accepted by society. 反社会习俗者; 抨击社会传统观念者 [正式]
skewer /ˈskjʊə/ ( skewers )
N-COUNT A skewer is a longpin made of wood or metal that is used to hold pieces of food together duringcooking. 串肉扦; 烤肉叉
nuance /njuːˈɑːns/ CET6+ TEM8( nuances )
N-VAR A nuance is a smalldifference in sound, feeling, appearance, or meaning. (声音、感觉、外貌或意义等方面的) 细微差别
We can use our eyes andfacial expressions to communicate virtually everysubtle nuance of emotion there is.
deceit /dɪˈsiːt/ CET6+ TEM4 ( deceits )
N-VAR Deceit is behaviourthat is deliberately intended to make people believe something which is nottrue. 欺骗
He was living a secret lifeof deceit and unfaithfulness.
underestimate /ˌʌndərˈɛstɪˌmeɪt/ CET6 TEM4 ( underestimating, underestimated,underestimates )
V-T If you underestimatesomething, you do not realize how large or great it is or will be. 低估 (某事)
None of us should ever underestimate the degree of difficulty women face incareer advancement.
complexity /kəmˈplɛksɪtɪ/ CET6
N-UNCOUNT Complexity is thestate of having many different parts connected or related to each other in acomplicated way. 复杂性
...a diplomatic tangle of great complexity.
ADJ If you are undaunted, youare not at all afraid or worried about dealing with something, especiallysomething that would frighten or worry most people. 未被吓倒的
Undaunted by the scale of the job, Lesley set about planning howeach room should look.
N-UNCOUNT If there is paritybetween two things, they are equal. 平等;相等 [正式]
Women have yet to achieve wage or occupational parity in many fields.
synthesize /ˈsɪnθɪˌsaɪz/ TEM4 ( synthesizing, synthesized, synthesizes)
BRIT also synthesise
V-T To synthesize a substancemeans to produce it by means of chemical or biological reactions. 合成 [技术]
After extensive research,Albert Hoffman first succeeded in synthesizing the acid in 1938.
interweave /ˌɪntəˈwiːv/ CET6 ( interweaving, interwove, interwoven,interweaves )
V-RECIP If two or more thingsare interwoven or interweave, they are very closely connected or are combinedwith each other. 交织
For these people, land is inextricably interwoven with life itself.