11天搞定雅思阅读-Day 1 Matching Paragraph Headings

所属专题:雅思考试  来源:沪江网    要点:雅思阅读攻略  
编辑点评: 做雅思阅读题不一定要理解所有单词,11天搞定雅思阅读不是梦,跟着沪江坚持11天,一起见证奇迹吧!今天来学习阅读中最常见的标题选择题!

【跟着沪江走,高分在招手】·【雅思备考·阅读篇】

目标:练习标题选择

这种题型是雅思题目中比较常见的一种题型。根据文段内容选择合适标题。

回答步骤及策略:

1:快速扫读段首句,了解大意。

2:细读第一段

3:大部分情况只需要仔细阅读主题句,因为主题句包含中心思想和答案,其他的部分都可以快速扫读掉。

4:虽然是这样,但是有时也有例外情况,有时答案并不在主题句里,答案需要仔细阅读整个段落才能找到。

5:如果不能马上找到相对应的标题,先做下一个。

6:如果有两个答案犹豫不定,可以先把两个都写上,之后遇到合适的段落就可以更容易的区分了。

7;如果最后仍有莫能两可的答案嘛不要了浪费太多时间,选择最恰当的。

注意事项:

1:文章标题总是比文章段落多,所以在选择的时候要小心

2:注意同义词,段落标题和段落出现的词可能不会相同,但是可能是同义词。

3:即使是从段落中截取的名词形式,也不能保证这就是本段落的标题。

接下来我们来看一道题:

在做完整题目之前,我们先来看一下这个例子。这道题节选之后会做到的一道完整文章的第一段针对这一段,共有五个选项。

根据之前我们说的步骤请一步步解答,请将中心句标红,并写出正确答案,标准答案请移步社团(答案回复可见):

答案讲解请移步社团:

11天搞定雅思阅读-Day 1 Matching Paragraph Headings

A. The Yoruba people of Nigeria classify their towns in two ways. Permanent towns with their own governments are called “ilu”, whereas temporary settlements, set up to support work in the country are “aba”. Although ilu tend to be larger than aba, the distinction is not one of size, some aba are large, while declining ilu can be small, but of purpose. There is no “typical” Yoruba town, but some features are common to most towns.Yoruba Towns

1. Match the correct heading to the paragraph.

A:Town facilities

B: Oyo’s palace

C: Urban divisions

D:Architectural features

E: Types of settlements

Correct! You can see in the topic sentence it talks about classifications (similar to types - a synonym), and then the paragraph mentions settlements which is another clue. Skim reading the paragraph should confirm this is correct as the paragraph is discussing two types of town - permanent and temporary ones.

答对了吗?让我们趁热打铁,用这种答题思路在做一道完整的题目吧!

请仔细回答问题,并将中心句标出。答案及详细解析回复可见!

答案讲解请移步社团:

11天搞定雅思阅读-Day 1 Matching Paragraph Headings

Yoruba Towns

A. The Yoruba people of Nigeria classify their towns in two ways. Permanent towns with their own governments are called “ilu”, whereas temporary settlements, set up to support work in the country are “aba”. Although ilu tend to be larger than aba, the distinction is not one of size, some aba are large, while declining ilu can be small, but of purpose. There is no “typical” Yoruba town, but some features are common to most towns.

B. In the 19th century most towns were heavily fortified and the foundations of these walls are sometimes visible. Collecting tolls to enter and exit through the walls was a major source of revenue for the old town rulers, as were market fees. The markets were generally located centrally and in small towns, while in large towns there were permanent stands made of corrugated iron or concrete. The market was usually next to the local ruler’s palace.

C. The palaces were often very large. In the 1930’s, the area of Oyo’s palace covered 17 acres, and consisted of a series of courtyards surrounded by private and public rooms. After colonization, many of the palaces were completely or partially demolished. Often the rulers built two storey houses for themselves using some of the palace grounds for government buildings.

D. The town is divided into different sections. In some towns these are regular, extending out from the center of the town like spokes on a wheel, while in others, where space is limited, they are more random. The different areas are further divided into compounds called “ile”. These vary in size considerably from single dwellings to up to thirty houses. They tend to be larger in the North. Large areas are devoted to government administrative buildings. Newer developments such as industrial or commercial areas or apartment housing for civil servants tends to be build on the edge of the town.

E. Houses are rectangular and either have a courtyard in the center or the rooms come off a central corridor. Most social life occurs in the courtyard. They are usually built of hardened mud and have roofs of corrugated iron or, in the countryside, thatch. Buildings of this material are easy to alter, either by knocking down rooms or adding new ones. And can be improved by coating the walls with cement. Richer people often build their houses of concrete blocks and, if they can afford to, build two storey houses. Within compounds there can be quite a mixture of building types. Younger well-educated people may have well furnished houses while their older relatives live in mud walled buildings and sleep on mats on the floor.

F. The builder or the most senior man gets a room either near the entrance or, in a two storied house, next to the balcony. He usually has more than one room. Junior men get a room each and there are separate rooms for teenage boys and girls to sleep in. Younger children sleep with their mothers. Any empty room are used as storage, let out or, if they face the street, used as shops.

G. Amenities vary. In some towns most of the population uses communal water taps and only the rich have piped water, in others piped water is more normal. Some areas have toilets, but bucket toilets are common with waste being collected by a “night soil man”. Access to water and electricity are key political issues.
569 words

List of paragraph headings:

i. Town facilities
ii. Oyo’s palace
iii. Urban divisions
iv. Architectural features
v. Types of settlements
vi. Historical foundations
vii. Domestic arrangements
viii. City defenses
ix. Various changes
x. Government buildings

下期文章:11天搞定雅思阅读-Day 2 Multiple Choice Practice

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